Spatial and Temporal Scales of Human Disturbance - McMurdo Station, Antarctica

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Spatial and Temporal Scales of Human Disturbance - McMurdo Station, Antarctica
Description:
Abstract:
This report summarizes the results of a study of the temporal and spatial scales of human disturbance at McMurdo Station, Antarctica. It represents the culmination of a series of international workshops, a year of planning activities and report writing, and a three year pilot project. The goal was to rigorously test the design elements of a long term monitoring program to be implemented at McMurdo Station. The objective of long term monitoring is to observe and quantify impacts caused by science and support operations. The monitoring system is designed to accurately describe the status and the trends in environmental condition in support of environmental management and decision making. The design of the long term monitoring program is based on historical information as well as data collected during the pilot project. During the pilot project the terrestrial and marine settings at McMurdo Station were intensively sampled. A "phased-in" approach allowed resources to be concentrated on defining the attributes of specific components of the system each year. During the first year the terrestrial (land) setting was targeted for intense sampling. The second field year included a revised sampling plan for the terrestrial setting based on the first year results and an initial sampling of the marine setting. In the third year both the terrestrial and the marine sampling plans were revised based on the previous year's results and to test any remaining program design assumptions. A number of variables were measured including physical (surface disturbance, grain size, carbon content), chemical (PCBs, metals, and hydrocarbons) and biological (benthic community structure) indicators of impact. More than 2000 samples were taken over the term of the project providing the data needed for a robust statistical assessment of the monitoring program's design elements.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
Not Available
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19991015
Ending_Date: 20021015
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 162.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 167.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -78.0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > SOIL CHEMISTRY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > HYDROCARBONS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > WATER QUALITY > OCEAN CONTAMINANTS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > MARINE SEDIMENTS > SEDIMENT CHEMISTRY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > BENTHIC HABITAT
Theme_Keyword: Mcmurdo Station
Theme_Keyword: Contaminants
Theme_Keyword: Tph
Theme_Keyword: Terrestrial
Theme_Keyword: Marine
Theme_Keyword: Water
Theme_Keyword: Sediment
Theme_Keyword: Benthic
Theme_Keyword: Winter Quarters Bay
Theme_Keyword: Impact
Theme_Keyword: BIOTA
Theme_Keyword: GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
Theme_Keyword: OCEANS
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > MCMURDO STATION
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: TAMU/GERG > Geochemical & Environmental Research Group, Texas A&M University
Contact_Person: MAHLON C. KENNICUTT II
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Geochemical and Environmental Research Group
Address: College of Geosciences
Address: Texas A&M University
Address: 833 Graham Road
City: College Station
State_or_Province: TX
Postal_Code: 77845
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (979) 862-2323
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: mck2@gerg.tamu.edu
Resource_Description: BO-318-O_mcmurdo
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://gerg.tamu.edu/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.gerg.tamu.edu/menu_fieldProgram/ant_res...
Access_Instructions:
Geochemical and Environmental Research Group, Antarctic Research home page
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.gerg.tamu.edu/menu_fieldProgram/ant_res...
Access_Instructions:
The above URL links to the Project Summary in PDF.
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20030414
Metadata_Review_Date: 20100707
Metadata_Future_Review_Date: 20040414
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: GARY A. WOLFF
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: GeoData Publishers Inc.
Address: 1902 Pinon
City: College Station
State_or_Province: Texas
Postal_Code: 77845-5816
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 979.696.6700
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 979.693.6389
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: garywolff@geodatapub.com
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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