Carbon in the Atlantic Ocean Region - the CARINA project: Results and Data, Version 1.0.

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Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: CARINA Group
Publication_Date: 2009
Title: Carbon in the Atlantic Ocean Region - the CARINA project: Results and Data, Version 1.0.
Edition: 1
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Online_Linkage: http://cdiac.ornl.gov/ftp/oceans/CARINA/CARINA_Database/CARINA.ATL.V1.0/
Description:
Abstract:
CARINA Data Synthesis Project By The CARINA Group The CARINA (CARbon dioxide IN the Atlantic Ocean) data synthesis project is an international collaborative effort of the EU IP CARBOOCEAN, and US partners. It has produced a merged internally consistent data set of open ocean subsurface measurements for biogeochemical investigations, in particular, studies involving the carbon system. The original focus area was the North Atlantic Ocean, but over time the geographic extent expanded and CARINA now includes data from the entire Atlantic, the Arctic Ocean, and the Southern Ocean. Carbon data from the Pacific Ocean are being synthesized in the PICES effort. The CARINA database includes data from 188 cruises. The salinity, oxygen, nutrient, inorganic carbon system and CFC data have been subjected to extensive quality control and adjustments have been made when necessary. The internally consistent data are available as three data products, one each for the Arctic Mediterranean Seas, the Atlantic and the Southern Oceans (CARINA Data Products). In addition, all of the individual cruise data files have been made available in WOCE exchange format in a single location (Cruise Summary Table) along with metadata and references. We strongly recommend users to employ the data products instead of the individual cruise files as the data in the latter have not been corrected for biases identified during the secondary QC. The CARINA effort is further described in the following as well as in the CARINA special issue of Earth System Science Data (ESSD) Journal. History of the CARINA project The CARINA project began as an informal collaboration with limited funding. The project was started by D. Wallace and L. Mintrop, and had an organizational meeting at Delmenhorst, Germany in 1999. Mintrop acted as data collector. Participation was voluntary and composed mainly of European scientists. Participating scientists were required to submit their historical data sets that included either subsurface carbon system measurements or underway surface pCO2 data. The last meeting of this group was held in 2002. By that time the group had accumulated subsurface data from approximately 30 cruises (excluding those cruises that were in GLODAP) and twice that number of underway data sets. The funding ended in 2003 and, unfortunately, the support level was insufficient to do much more than amass and catalog the submitted data (Original CARINA website). In 2004 the original CARINA data collection was transferred to Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) and a copy of the CARINA bottle data was transferred to Princeton for data assessment and quality control. In January 2005 the E.U. funded CARBOOCEAN program began. This consortium includes most of the original CARINA scientists. CARBOOCEAN is an integrated program with the aim of making an accurate assessment of oceanic sources and sinks of carbon over space and time. It has focus on the Atlantic and Southern Ocean and a time interval of -200 to +200 years from the present. All funded CARBOOCEAN partners are required to make public all historical data and new data after a two year proprietary period. In June, 2006 the CARBOOCEAN/CARINA scientists met in Laugarvatn, Iceland to discuss methods and responsibilities for the CARINA data synthesis. By that time, the CARINA collection had grown to approximately 80 cruises. During this meeting the group decided to extend the original scope of CARINA to include the entire Atlantic, the Arctic and the Southern Ocean. Various team and project leader assignments were: Data collection, 1st QC and production of final data products: R. Key and X. Lin Atlantic Ocean: T. Tanhua Arctic Ocean: S. Jutterström Nordic Seas: A. Olsen Southern Ocean: M. Hoppema 2nd QC code development: S. van Heuven Web site development and maintenance: C. Schirnick Carbon calculation software: A. Velo CDIAC data archive: A. Kozyr Atlantic Ocean Data Synthesis The Atlantic Ocean subset of the CARINA (CARINA-ATL) data set consists of 98 cruises/entries, of which one of is a time series including many cruises and two others are collections of multiple cruises within the framework of a common project. Additionally, six reference cruises were included in the secondary QC for CARINA-ATL to ensure consistency between CARINA and historical databases, in particular Global Ocean Data Analysis Project (GLODAP, Key et al., 2004). FiveAtlantic cruises are in common with the Southern Ocean region, and five others are in common with the Arctic Mediterranean Seas region. These overlapping cruises ensure consistency between the three regions of the CARINA data set. The Atlantic Ocean region of CARINA is loosely defined as the area between of the Greenland-Scotland Ridge and 30 °S, but as mentioned, ten cruises overlap with the surrounding regions, thus extending the area covered. Most of the data are from the subpolar North Atlantic, and there are particularly large data gaps in the Tropical and South-Eastern Atlantic Ocean. The CARINA-ATL database covers the time period from 1978 to 2006, with the majority of the data from the mid 1990s to the mid 2000s. Overall, oxygen measurements show the highest incidence, followed by TCO2, Alkalinity and CFC data, although CFC data are particularly abundant for some specific regions. An expanded version of the information contained here is available in the CARINA Numeric Data Package (NDP-091).
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Hoppema, M., Velo, A., van Heuven, S., Tanhua, T., Key, R. M., Lin, X., Bakker, D. C. E., Perez, F. F., Ríos, A. F., Lo Monaco, C., Sabine, C. L., Álvarez, M., and Bellerby, R. G. J.: Consistency of cruise data of the CARINA database in the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 1, 63-75, doi:10.5194/essd-1-63-2009, 2009. Hoppema, M., Velo, A., van Heuven, S., Tanhua, T., Key, R. M., Lin, X., Bakker, D. C. E., Perez, F. F., Ríos, A. F., Lo Monaco, C., Sabine, C. L., Álvarez, M., and Bellerby, R. G. J. 2009 Consistency of cruise data of the CARINA database in the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean 1 Earth Syst. Sci. Data 63-75 10.5194/essd-1-63-2009 http://cdiac.ornl.gov/ftp/oceans/CARINA/Pubs/Hoppema_et.al_2009.pdf
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Key, R. M., Tanhua, T., Olsen, A., Hoppema, M., Jutterström, S., Schirnick, C., van Heuven, S., Kozyr, A., Lin, X., Velo, A., Wallace, D. W. R., and Mintrop, L.: The CARINA data synthesis project: introduction and overview, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 2, 105-121, doi:10.5194/essd-2-105-2010, 2010. Key, R. M., Tanhua, T., Olsen, A., Hoppema, M., Jutterström, S., Schirnick, C., van Heuven, S., Kozyr, A., Lin, X., Velo, A., Wallace, D. W. R., and Mintrop, L. 2010 The CARINA data synthesis project: introduction and overview 2 Earth Syst. Sci. Data 105-121 10.5194/essd-2-105-2010, http://cdiac.ornl.gov/ftp/oceans/CARINA/Pubs/Key_et.al_2010.pdf
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Steinfeldt, R., Tanhua, T., Bullister, J. L., Key, R. M., Rhein, M., and Köhler, J.: Atlantic CFC data in CARINA, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 2, 1-15, doi:10.5194/essd-2-1-2010, 2010. Steinfeldt, R., Tanhua, T., Bullister, J. L., Key, R. M., Rhein, M., and Köhler, J. 2010 Atlantic CFC data in CARINA 2 Earth Syst. Sci. Data 1-15 10.5194/essd-2-1-2010 http://cdiac.ornl.gov/ftp/oceans/CARINA/Pubs/Steinfeldt_et.al_2010.pdf
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Stendardo, I., Gruber, N., and Körtzinger, A.: CARINA oxygen data in the Atlantic Ocean, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 1, 87-100, doi:10.5194/essd-1-87-2009, 2009. Stendardo, I., Gruber, N., and Körtzinger, A. 2009 CARINA oxygen data in the Atlantic Ocean 1 Earth Syst. Sci. Data 87-100 10.5194/essd-1-87-2009 http://cdiac.ornl.gov/ftp/oceans/CARINA/Pubs/Stendardo_et.al_2010.pdf
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Pierrot, D., Brown, P., Van Heuven, S., Tanhua, T., Schuster, U., Wanninkhof, R., and Key, R. M.: CARINA TCO2 data in the Atlantic Ocean, Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss., 3, 1-26, doi:10.5194/essdd-3-1-2010, 2010. Pierrot, D., Brown, P., Van Heuven, S., Tanhua, T., Schuster, U., Wanninkhof, R., and Key, R. M. 2010 CARINA TCO2 data in the Atlantic Ocean 3 Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss. 1-26 10.5194/essdd-3-1-2010 http://cdiac.ornl.gov/ftp/oceans/CARINA/Pubs/Pierrot.essd-2-177-2010.pdf
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Tanhua, T., Steinfeldt, R., Key, R. M., Brown, P., Gruber, N., Wanninkhof, R., Perez, F., Körtzinger, A., Velo, A., Schuster, U., van Heuven, S., Bullister, J. L., Stendardo, I., Hoppema, M., Olsen, A., Kozyr, A., Pierrot, D., Schirnick, C., and Wallace, D. W. R.: Atlantic Ocean CARINA data: overview and salinity adjustments, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 2, 17-34, doi:10.5194/essd-2-17-2010, 2010. Tanhua, T., Steinfeldt, R., Key, R. M., Brown, P., Gruber, N., Wanninkhof, R., Perez, F., Körtzinger, A., Velo, A., Schuster, U., van Heuven, S., Bullister, J. L., Stendardo, I., Hoppema, M., Olsen, A., Kozyr, A., Pierrot, D., Schirnick, C., and Wallace, D. W. R. 2010 Atlantic Ocean CARINA data: overview and salinity adjustments 2 Earth Syst. Sci. Data 17-34 10.5194/essd-2-17-2010 http://cdiac.ornl.gov/ftp/oceans/CARINA/Pubs/Tanhua_et.al_2009a.pdf
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Tanhua, T., Brown, P. J., and Key, R. M.: CARINA: nutrient data in the Atlantic Ocean, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 1, 7-24, doi:10.5194/essd-1-7-2009, 2009. Tanhua, T., Brown, P. J., and Key, R. M. 2009 CARINA: nutrient data in the Atlantic Ocean 1 Earth Syst. Sci. Data 7-24 10.5194/essd-1-7-2009 http://cdiac.ornl.gov/ftp/oceans/CARINA/Pubs/Tanhua_et.al_2009b.pdf
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Tanhua, T., van Heuven, S., Key, R. M., Velo, A., Olsen, A., and Schirnick, C.: Quality control procedures and methods of the CARINA database, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 2, 35-49, doi:10.5194/essd-2-35-2010, 2010. Tanhua, T., van Heuven, S., Key, R. M., Velo, A., Olsen, A., and Schirnick, C. 2010 Quality control procedures and methods of the CARINA database 2 Earth Syst. Sci. Data 35-49 10.5194/essd-2-35-2010 http://cdiac.ornl.gov/ftp/oceans/CARINA/Pubs/Tanhua_et.al_2009c.pdf
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Velo, A., Perez, F. F., Brown, P., Tanhua, T., Schuster, U., and Key, R. M.: CARINA alkalinity data in the Atlantic Ocean, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 1, 45-61, doi:10.5194/essd-1-45-2009, 2009. Velo, A., Perez, F. F., Brown, P., Tanhua, T., Schuster, U., and Key, R. M. 2009 CARINA alkalinity data in the Atlantic Ocean 1 Earth Syst. Sci. Data 45-61 10.5194/essd-1-45-2009 http://cdiac.ornl.gov/ftp/oceans/CARINA/Pubs/Velo_et.al_2009.pdf
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Velo, A., Pérez, F. F., Lin, X., Key, R. M., Tanhua, T., de la Paz, M., Olsen, A., van Heuven, S., Jutterström, S., and Ríos, A. F.: CARINA data synthesis project: pH data scale unification and cruise adjustments, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 2, 133-155, doi:10.5194/essd-2-133-2010, 2010. Velo, A., Pérez, F. F., Lin, X., Key, R. M., Tanhua, T., de la Paz, M., Olsen, A., van Heuven, S., Jutterström, S., and Ríos, A. F. 2010 CARINA data synthesis project: pH data scale unification and cruise adjustments 2 Earth Syst. Sci. Data 133-155 10.5194/essd-2-133-2010 http://cdiac.ornl.gov/ftp/oceans/CARINA/Pubs/Velo_et.al_2010.pdf
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19771007
Ending_Date: 20061231
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -75.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 25.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 78.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -65.0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY > CARBON DIOXIDE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY > HYDROCARBONS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > CARBON
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > CARBON DIOXIDE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > HYDROCARBONS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > INORGANIC CARBON
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > NUTRIENTS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > OXYGEN
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > SALINITY/DENSITY > SALINITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > SALINITY/DENSITY
Theme_Keyword: SHIPS
Theme_Keyword: CARINA > CARINA (CARBON DIOXIDE IN THE ATLANTIC OCEAN) DATA SYNTHESIS PROJECT
Theme_Keyword: ENVIRONMENT
Theme_Keyword: OCEANS
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > SOUTH ATLANTIC OCEAN
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Please site this database as: CARINA Group. 2009. Carbon in the Atlantic Ocean Region - the CARINA project: Results and Data, Version 1.0. http://cdiac.ornl.gov/ftp/oceans/CARINA/CARINA_Database/CARINA.ATL.V1.0/. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, Tennessee. doi: 10.3334/CDIAC/otg.CARINA.ATL.V1.0
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: DOE/ORNL/ESD/CDIAC > Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U. S. Department of Energy
Contact_Person: CARBON DIOXIDE INFORMATION ANALYSIS CENTER
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)
Address: Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Address: P.O.. Box 2008
City: OAK RIDGE
State_or_Province: TENNESSEE
Postal_Code: 37831-6335
Country: USA
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (865) 574-2232
Resource_Description: CARINA.ATL.V1.0
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: CSV
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://cdiac.ornl.gov/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
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http://cdiac.ornl.gov/ftp/oceans/CARINA/CARINA_Dat...
Access_Instructions:
data set site
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://cdiac.ornl.gov/oceans/CARINA/
Access_Instructions:
CARINA Data Synthesis Project
Fees: Free
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20101210
Metadata_Review_Date: 20101230
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: GCMD User Support Office
Contact_Organization: NASA Global Change Master Directory
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Not Available
City: Lanham
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20706
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: Not Available
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gcmduso@gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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