Morphometric Characteristics of Ice and Snow in the Arctic Basin: Aircraft Landing Observations from the Former Soviet Union, 1928-1989

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: NSIDC, . Compiled by I. P. Romanov.
Publication_Date: 20040317
Title: Morphometric Characteristics of Ice and Snow in the Arctic Basin: Aircraft Landing Observations from the Former Soviet Union, 1928-1989
Edition:
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form:
Series_Information:
Series_Name:
Issue_Identification:
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Other_Citation_Details:
Online_Linkage: http://nsidc.org/data/G02140
Description:
Abstract:
This data set contains sea ice and snow measurements collected during aircraft landings associated with the Soviet Union's historical Sever airborne and North Pole drifting station programs. The High-Latitude Airborne Annual Expeditions Sever (Sever means North) took place in 1937, 1941, 1948-1952, and 1954-1993 (Konstantinov and Grachev, 2000). In Spring 1993, the last (45th) Sever expedition finished long-term activity in the Arctic. Snow and sea ice data were collected, along with meteorological and hydrological measurements (the latter are not part of this data set). Up to 202 landings were accomplished each year. The data set contains measurements of 23 parameters, including ice thickness and snow depth on the runway and surrounding area; ridge, hummock, and sastrugi dimensions and areal coverage; and snow density. The sea ice thickness data are of particular importance, as ice thickness measurements for the Arctic Basin are scarce. These data are a subset of those used to create the atlas Morphometric Characteristics of Ice and Snow in the Arctic Basin, self-published by Ilya P. Romanov in 1993, and republished by Backbone Publishing Company in 1995. Romanov provided these data to the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) in 1994.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Arctic Climatology Project. 2000. Environmental Working Group Joint U.S.-Russian Sea Ice Atlas. Edited by F. Tanis and V. Smolyanitsky. Ann Arbor, MI: Environmental Research Institute of Michigan in association with the National Snow and Ice Data Center. CD-ROM. Arctic Climatology Project. 2000. Environmental Working Group Arctic Meteorology and Climate Atlas. Edited by F. Fetterer and V. Radionov. Boulder, CO: National Snow and Ice Data Center. CD-ROM. Borodachev, V.E. and V. I. Shilnikov. 2002. Istoriya Ledovoi Aviatsionnoi Razvedki v Arktike i na Zamerzayushchikh Moryakh Rossii (1914-1993) (The History of Aerial Ice Reconnaissance in the Arctic and Ice-covered Seas of Russia, 1914-1993). Gidrometeoizdat Publishing House, St. Petersburg, Russia. 441 pp. ISBN 5-286-01448-8. Romanov, I.P. 1979. Sizes of Ice Fields. Trans. POLEX-Sever-76. Gidrometeoizdat Publishing House, St. Petersburg, Russia. pp. 11-115. Romanov, I.P. 1993. Morphometric Characteristics of Ice and Snow in the Arctic Basin. First edition. Self-published. St. Petersburg, Russia. Romanov, I.P. 1995. Atlas of Ice and Snow of the Arctic Basin and Siberian Shelf Seas. Dr. Alfred Tunik, translator and editor. Second edition of atlas and monograph. Revised and expanded. ISBN 0-9644311-3-0. Backbone Publishing Company. Rukovodstvo po proizvodstvu ledovoy aviarazvedki (Handbook for conducting airborne ice reconnaissance). 1981. Gidrometeoizdat Publishing House, St. Petersburg, Russia. 240 pp.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19280601
Ending_Date: 19890531
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -180.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 180.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 90.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 64.0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD INSTRUMENT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SEA ICE > ICE ROUGHNESS > HUMMOCKS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SEA ICE > SEA ICE ELEVATION > HUMMOCKS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > SEA ICE > ICE ROUGHNESS > HUMMOCKS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SEA ICE > ICE DEFORMATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > SEA ICE > ICE DEFORMATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SEA ICE > ICE DEPTH/THICKNESS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > SEA ICE > ICE DEPTH/THICKNESS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SEA ICE > ICE FLOES > LENGTH
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > SEA ICE > ICE FLOES > LENGTH
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > SEA ICE > SEA ICE ELEVATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > SNOW DENSITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > SNOW DENSITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SEA ICE > SNOW DEPTH
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > SNOW DEPTH
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > SNOW DEPTH
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > SEA ICE > SNOW DEPTH
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SEA ICE > ICE FLOES > WIDTH
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > SEA ICE > ICE FLOES > WIDTH
Theme_Keyword: AIRCRAFT
Theme_Keyword: GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS
Theme_Keyword: MOORINGS
Theme_Keyword: OCEAN PLATFORMS
Theme_Keyword: SNOW MEASURING ROD
Theme_Keyword: Aircraft
Theme_Keyword: Arctic Basin
Theme_Keyword: Arctic Sea Ice
Theme_Keyword: G02140
Theme_Keyword: Noaa
Theme_Keyword: North Pole
Theme_Keyword: North Pole Drifting Station
Theme_Keyword: Sever
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: OCEANS
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > EUROPE > EASTERN EUROPE > RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > ARCTIC
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > ARCTIC > ARCTIC BASIN
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: NSIDC USER SERVICES
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
Address: University of Colorado
City: Boulder
State_or_Province: CO
Postal_Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +1 (303) 492-2468
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: nsidc@nsidc.org
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Each parameter was examined for extreme values by plotting all values and visually scanning for obvious outliers. These values were then investigated to determine the nature of the error. Extreme values were rare. The four outlying ice and snow parameters were replaced with the value for missing data. Some runway length, runway width, floe length, and floe width parameters have values of 9999 and -1. Values of -1 indicate missing data, but the meaning of 9999 values is unclear.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NSIDC_NOAA > National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration at the National Snow and Ice Data Center
Contact_Person: NSIDC NOAA USER SERVICES
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
Address: University of Colorado
City: Boulder
State_or_Province: CO
Postal_Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +1 (303) 492-2468
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: nsidc@nsidc.org
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NSIDC > National Snow and Ice Data Center
Contact_Person: NSIDC USER SERVICES
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
Address: University of Colorado
City: Boulder
State_or_Province: CO
Postal_Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +1 (303) 492-2468
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: nsidc@nsidc.org
Resource_Description: G02140
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ASCII Text (.txt)
Transfer_Size: 0.45 to 30 KB
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://nsidc.org/noaa/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://nsidc.org
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://nsidc.org/data/g01938.html
Access_Instructions:
Environmental Working Group Arctic Meteorology and Climate Atlas
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://nsidc.org/data/g01962.html
Access_Instructions:
Environmental Working Group Joint U.S.-Russian Sea Ice Atlas
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20040317
Metadata_Review_Date: 20140421
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: GCMD User Support Office
Contact_Organization: NASA Global Change Master Directory
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Not Available
City: Lanham
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20706
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: Not Available
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gcmduso@gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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