Tropical-North Pacific Climate Linkages Over the Past Four Centuries

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Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: D'Arrigo, R., R. Wilson, C. Deser, G. Wiles, E. Cook, R. Villalba, A. Tudhope, J. Cole, and B. Linsley
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Tropical-North Pacific Climate Linkages Over the Past Four Centuries
Edition:
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form:
Series_Information:
Series_Name:
Issue_Identification: IAI-ScientificArticles-CRN_003_Darrigo_NPI
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place:
Publisher: IAI
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Description:
Abstract:
This metadata references the scientific article: "Tropical-North Pacific Climate Linkages Over the Past Four Centuries", which can be download from here. Authors: Rosanne DArrigo(1), Rob Wilson(2), Clara Deser(3), Gregory Wiles(4), Edward Cook(1), Ricardo Villalba(5) , Alexander Tudhope(2), Julia Cole(6) and Braddock Linsley(7) (1)Tree-Ring Laboratory, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Palisades, NY 10964 USA (2)School of GeoSciences, Grant Institute, Edinburgh University, Edinburgh, United Kingdom (3)NCAR, Boulder, CO (4)The College of Wooster, Wooster, Ohio (5)IANIGLA, Mendoza, Argentina (6)Dept. of Geosciences University of Arizona, Tucson AZ (7)Program in Geological Sciences, Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences University at Albany, Albany, NY Instrumental analyses demonstrate robust linkages between decadal-scale North Pacific and tropical Indo-Pacific climate variability. These linkages encompass common regime shifts, including the noteworthy 1976 transition in Pacific climate. However, information on Pacific Decadal Variability and the tropical-high latitude climate connection is limited prior to the 20(th)century. Herein tree-ring analysis is employed to extend understanding of North Pacific climate variability and related tropical linkages over the past four centuries. To this end, a tree-ring reconstruction of the December-May North Pacific Index (NPI) - an index of the atmospheric circulation related to the Aleutian Low Pressure Cell - is presented (1600-1983). The NPI reconstruction shows evidence for the three regime shifts seen in the instrumental NPI data, and for seven events in prior centuries. It correlates significantly with both instrumental tropical climate indices and a coral-based reconstruction of an optimal tropical Indo-Pacific climate index, supporting evidence for a tropical/North Pacific link extending as far west as the western Indian Ocean. The coral-based reconstruction (1781-1993) shows the 20(th) century regime shifts evident in the instrumental NPI and instrumental tropical Indo-Pacific climate index, and three previous shifts. Changes in the strength of correlation between the reconstructions over time, and the different identified shifts in both series prior to the 20(th) century suggest a varying tropical influence on North Pacific climate, with greater influence in the 20(th) century. One likely mechanism is the low-frequency variability of the El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and its varying impact on Indo-Pacific climate. CRN003, PI Dr. Brian Luckman.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
Not Available
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 17810101
Ending_Date: 19931231
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 16000101
Ending_Date: 19831231
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
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Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 130.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -90.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 62.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 20.0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE > OSCILLATIONS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE > PRESSURE ANOMALIES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN TEMPERATURE > SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > PALEOCLIMATE > LAND RECORDS > TREE RINGS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > PALEOCLIMATE > OCEAN/LAKE RECORDS > CORAL DEPOSITS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CLIMATE INDICATORS > ATMOSPHERIC/OCEAN INDICATORS > TELECONNECTIONS > EL NINO SOUTHERN OSCILLATION (ENSO)
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CLIMATE INDICATORS > ATMOSPHERIC/OCEAN INDICATORS > TELECONNECTIONS > NORTH PACIFIC OSCILLATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > PALEOCLIMATE > PALEOCLIMATE RECONSTRUCTIONS > ATMOSPHERIC CIRCULATION RECONSTRUCTION
Theme_Keyword: ESIP > EARTH SCIENCE INFORMATION PARTNERS PROGRAM
Theme_Keyword: IAI-DIS > INTER-AMERICAN INSTITUTE FOR GLOBAL CHANGE RESEARCH
Theme_Keyword: CRN > COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH NETWORK PROGRAM (IAI)
Theme_Keyword: Npi
Theme_Keyword: North Pacific Index
Theme_Keyword: Reconstruction
Theme_Keyword: Climate Variability
Theme_Keyword: Iai-science-publications
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
Theme_Keyword: OCEANS
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Place_Keyword: OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
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Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
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Contact_Person: ROSANNE D. D'ARRIGO
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: ROB J. WILSON
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: CLARA DESER
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: GREGORY C. WILES
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: EDWARD R. COOK
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: RICARDO VILLALBA
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: ALEXANDER W. TUDHOPE
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: JULIA E. COLE
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: BRADDOCK K. LINSLEY
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
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Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Tree-Ring Laboratory
Address: Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory
City: Palisades
State_or_Province: NY
Postal_Code: 10964
Country: USA
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Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: School of GeoSciences
Address: University of Edinburgh
City: Edinburgh
Country: UK
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Address: PO Box 3000
City: Boulder
State_or_Province: CO
Postal_Code: 80307-3000
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Address: The College of Wooster
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State_or_Province: NY
Postal_Code: 10964
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Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: IANIGLA
City: Mendoza
Country: Argentina
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Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Department of Geology & Geophysics
Address: Edinburgh University
City: Edinburgh
Postal_Code: EH9 3JW
Country: United Kingdom
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Department of Geosciences
Address: University of Arizona
City: Tucson
State_or_Province: AZ
Country: USA
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: University of Albany
Address: State University of New York
City: Albany
State_or_Province: NY
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 303-497-1359
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (303) 492-0595
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (303) 492-6388
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: cdeser@ucar.edu
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: drdendro@ldeo.columbia.edu
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: sandy.tudhope@ed.ac.uk
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: IAI-DIS > Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research, Data and Information System
Contact_Person: LUIS MARCELO ACHITE
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research- IAI
Address: Avenida dos Astronautas, 1758, Jardim da Granja
City: Sao Jose dos Campos
State_or_Province: Sao Paulo
Postal_Code: 12227-010
Country: BRAZIL
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (55-12) 3945-6868
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (55-12) 3941-4410
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: lmachite@dir.iai.int
Resource_Description: IAIDIS848
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://disbr1.iai.int/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20050228
Metadata_Review_Date: 20120831
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: GCMD User Support Office
Contact_Organization: NASA Global Change Master Directory
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Not Available
City: Lanham
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20706
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: Not Available
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gcmduso@gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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