Heard Island 1986-1987 Scientific Expedition Report

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Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Heard Island 1986-1987 Scientific Expedition Report
Description:
Abstract:
Heard Island Expedition, 16 November 1986 to 21 January 1987, report written by Rod Ledingham, Officer in Charge. Taken from the report: The 1986-87 expedition was the second in a series of three consecutive expeditions planned to conduct new scientific work and to check on changes since the early wintering years from 1948-1954 and more recent sporadic visits by various government and private expeditions. We were dropped off at Heard Island on the 14th November 1986 by the Nella Dan. The main thrust of this expedition was originally to have been geological but this was later expanded to cover biology and archaeology. Transport was provided by three Hughes 500 helicopters, old faithfuls VH-BAD piloted by John Robertson and VH-BAG piloted by Doug Crossan, and a new arrive from NZ, VH-HED flown by Phillip Turner, to provide speedy access to all areas of rock, either coastal or at high altitude on the mountain. Of particular interest to the geologists were the lavas of the January 1985 Big Ben eruption spotted by observers including Dick Williams, on the French vessel Marion Dufresne. Despite some initial doubts about the possibility of flying, or even holding, aircraft at Heard for any length of time, and numerous relatively minor problems with weather and wind blown volcanic sand, the operation went very well and a great deal of new ground was covered, including several flights to the summit of Big Ben and the discovery of a new active crater and the expedition lava flows on the south-western slopes at Cape Arkona. Two geologists accompanied the expedition, Jane Barling and Graeme Wheller. Geological mapping of the whole island was carried out by Jane where access was not too difficult or dangerous. Jane had previously worked on the samples brought back from Long Ridge and the summit by the Heard Island Expedition (private) on Anaconda II in 1983. The original map produced by Ainsworth in 1947 will be greatly improved when the material has been studied in more detail. The second geologist Graeme studied the relationships of the more recent lavas and attempted to get samples from the summit vent. The failure to do so was somewhat ameliorated by the finding of the new lava which it appears had emanated from the summit vent pipe and samples of summit rock were therefore available from 700m above Cape Arkona. Further information about the botanical and biological work is available in the report.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
Not Available
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19861116
Ending_Date: 19870121
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 73.5
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 73.56
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -53.07
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -53.13
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD INSTRUMENT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > VEGETATION > VEGETATION COVER
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > VEGETATION > VEGETATION INDEX
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > VEGETATION > VEGETATION SPECIES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > GLACIERS/ICE SHEETS > GLACIERS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > INFRASTRUCTURE > CULTURAL FEATURES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE/MANAGEMENT > LAND MANAGEMENT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > GLACIERS/ICE SHEETS > GLACIERS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CIRCULATION > OCEAN CURRENTS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > TIDES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > GEOMAGNETISM > PALEOMAGNETISM
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > GEOMAGNETISM
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > ROCKS/MINERALS/CRYSTALS > IGNEOUS ROCKS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > ROCKS/MINERALS/CRYSTALS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > TECTONICS > EARTHQUAKES > EARTHQUAKE OCCURRENCES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > TECTONICS > EARTHQUAKES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > TECTONICS > VOLCANIC ACTIVITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > GLACIERS/ICE SHEETS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > GLACIERS/ICE SHEETS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES > BIRDS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES > BIRDS > PENGUINS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES > MAMMALS > CARNIVORES > SEALS/SEA LIONS/WALRUSES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES > MAMMALS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES > MAMMALS > RODENTS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > PLANTS > ANGIOSPERMS (FLOWERING PLANTS)
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > PLANTS > MOSSES/HORNWORTS/LIVERWORTS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > PLANTS > MACROALGAE (SEAWEEDS) > BROWN ALGAE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES > BIRDS > ALBATROSSES/PETRELS AND ALLIES
Theme_Keyword: FIELD SURVEYS
Theme_Keyword: AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHS
Theme_Keyword: FIELD INVESTIGATION
Theme_Keyword: CAMERAS
Theme_Keyword: CAMERA
Theme_Keyword: Heard Island
Theme_Keyword: Geology
Theme_Keyword: Botany
Theme_Keyword: Zoology
Theme_Keyword: Physics
Theme_Keyword: Glaciology
Theme_Keyword: Aerial Photography
Theme_Keyword: Management
Theme_Keyword: Archaeology
Theme_Keyword: BIOTA
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: ENVIRONMENT
Theme_Keyword: GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
Theme_Keyword: IMAGERY/BASE MAPS/EARTH COVER
Theme_Keyword: OCEANS
Theme_Keyword: SOCIETY
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > SOUTHERN OCEAN
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > SOUTHERN OCEAN > HEARD AND MCDONALD ISLANDS
Access_Constraints: A copy of the report is available for download from the provided URL.
Use_Constraints:
This data set conforms to the PICCCBY Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). Please follow instructions listed in the citation reference provided at http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/citation.cfm?entry_id=Heard_86-87_Report when using these data.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: URSULA HARRIS
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Australian Antarctic Division
Address: 203 Channel Highway
City: Kingston
State_or_Province: Tasmania
Postal_Code: 7050
Country: Australia
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +61 3 6232 3519
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +61 3 6232 3351
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: metadata@aad.gov.au
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
See the report for more information.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
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Distribution_Information:
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Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: AU/AADC > Australian Antarctic Data Centre, Australia
Contact_Person: DATA OFFICER AADC
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Australian Antarctic Division
Address: 203 Channel Highway
City: Kingston
State_or_Province: Tasmania
Postal_Code: 7050
Country: Australia
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +61 3 6232 3244
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +61 3 6232 3351
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: metadata@aad.gov.au
Resource_Description: Heard_86-87_Report
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: pdf
Transfer_Size: 32 MB
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://data.aad.gov.au
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
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Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/portal/download_file.c...
Access_Instructions:
Download point for the report
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20110510
Metadata_Review_Date: 20140110
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: DAVE J. CONNELL
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Australian Antarctic Division
Address: 203 Channel Highway
City: Kingston
State_or_Province: Tasmania
Postal_Code: 7050
Country: Australia
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +61 3 6232 3244
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +61 3 6232 3351
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: dave.connell@aad.gov.au
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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