Volcanic Activity Reports on Mount Etna, Sicily for the Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Nation Museum of Natural History

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Volcanic Activity Reports on Mount Etna, Sicily for the Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Nation Museum of Natural History
Description:
Abstract:
Taken from the Introduction to Etna: Volcanic Activity Reports provided by the Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History ['http://rathbun.si.edu/gvp/world/region01/italy/etna/var.htm'] Mount Etna, towering above Catania, Sicily's second largest city, has one of the world's longest documented records of historical volcanism. Historical lava flows cover much of the surface of this massive basaltic stratovolcano, Italy's highest and most voluminous volcano. The Mongibello stratovolcano, truncated by several small calderas, was constructed during the late Pleistocene and Holocene over an older shield volcano. The most prominent morphological feature of Etna is the Valle del Bove, a 5 x 10 km horseshoe-shaped caldera open to the east. Two styles of eruptive activity typically occur at Etna. Persistent explosive eruptions, sometimes with minor lava emissions, take place from one or more of the three prominent summit craters, the Central Crater, NE Crater, and SE Crater (the latter formed in 1978). Flank vents, typically with higher effusion rates, produce eruptions from fissures that open progressively downward from near the summit (usually accompanied by strombolian eruptions at the upper end). Cinder cones are commonly constructed over the vents of lower flank lava flows. Lava flows extend to the foot of the volcano on all sides and have reached the sea over a broad area on the SE flank.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Romano, R., ed., 1982, Mount Etna volcano: A review of recent earth sciences studies: Memorie della Societ` Geologica Italiana, v. XXIII, 205 p. + maps.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Chester, D.K., Duncan, A.M., Guest, J.E., and Kilburn, C.R.J., 1985, Mount Etna: The Anatomy of a Volcano: Stanford University Press, 404 p.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19680616
Ending_Date: Unknown
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: In Work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 15.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 15.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 37.73
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 37.73
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > TECTONICS > VOLCANIC ACTIVITY > ERUPTION DYNAMICS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > TECTONICS > VOLCANIC ACTIVITY > ERUPTION DYNAMICS > LAVA COMPOSITION/TEXTURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > TECTONICS > VOLCANIC ACTIVITY > ERUPTION DYNAMICS > PYROCLASTICS COMPOSITION/TEXTURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > TECTONICS > VOLCANIC ACTIVITY > ERUPTION DYNAMICS > ASH/DUST COMPOSITION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > TECTONICS > VOLCANIC ACTIVITY > ERUPTION DYNAMICS > VOLCANIC GASES
Theme_Keyword: Global Volcanism Program
Theme_Keyword: Gvp
Theme_Keyword: Mount Etna
Theme_Keyword: Mt Etna
Theme_Keyword: Smithsonian
Theme_Keyword: Stratovolcano
Theme_Keyword: Volcanic Activity
Theme_Keyword: Volcano
Theme_Keyword: GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > EUROPE > SOUTHERN EUROPE > ITALY
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > MEDITERRANEAN SEA > SICILY > MOUNT ETNA
Access_Constraints: None.
Use_Constraints:
Please cite data set properly.
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: SI/GVP > Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution
Contact_Person: GLOBAL VOLCANISM PROGRAM
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Global Volcanism Program
Address: NHB MRC 119
Address: Smithsonian Institution
City: Washington
State_or_Province: DC
Postal_Code: 20560
Country: USA
Resource_Description: GVP_ETNA_Activity
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: HTML
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.volcano.si.edu/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://rathbun.si.edu/gvp/world/region01/italy/etn...
Access_Instructions:
Fees: None
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20010804
Metadata_Review_Date: 20021030
Metadata_Future_Review_Date: 20031030
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: GENE R. MAJOR
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gsfc-gcmduso@mail.nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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