Combined Release and Radiation Effects Satellite

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: NASA/USAF
Publication_Date: 1990
Title: Combined Release and Radiation Effects Satellite
Edition:
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form:
Series_Information:
Series_Name:
Issue_Identification:
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Greenbelt, MD
Publisher: NASA/GSFC
Other_Citation_Details:
Online_Linkage: http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/database/MasterCatalog?sc=1990-065A
Description:
Abstract:
The Combined Release and Radiation Effects Satellite (CRRES) was launched into a geosynchronous transfer orbit (GTO) for a nominal three-year mission to investigate fields, plasmas, and energetic particles inside the Earth's magnetosphere. As part of the CRRES program the SPACERAD (Space Radiation Effects) project, managed by Air Force Geophysics Laboratory, investigated the radiation environment of the inner and outer radiation belts and measured radiation effects on state-of-the-art microelectronics devices. Other magnetospheric, ionospheric, and cosmic ray experiments were also included onboard CRRES and supported by NASA or the Office of Naval Research. The chemical release project was managed by NASA/MSFC and utilized the release of chemicals from onboard cannisters at low altitudes near dawn and dusk perigee times and at high altitudes near local midnight. The chemical releases were monitored with optical and radar instrumentation by ground-based observers to measure the bulk properties and movement of the expanding clouds of photo-ionized plasma along field lines after the releases occurred. In order to study the magnetosphere at different local times during the mission, the satellite orbit was designed to precess with respect to the earth-sun line such that the local time at apogee decreased by 2.5 minutes/day from 08:00 (LT) just after launch and returned to this position in nineteen month cycles. The CRRES spacecraft had the shape of an octagonal prism with solar arrays on the top side. The prism is 1 m high and 3 m between opposite faces. Four of the eight compartments were for the chemical canisters and the other four housed the SPACERAD and other experiments. The spacecraft body was spun at 2.2 rpm about a spin axis in the ecliptic plane and kept pointed about 12 degrees ahead of the Sun's apparent motion in celestial coordinates. Pre-launch and in-flight operations were supported by the Space Test and Transportation Program Office of the U.S. Air Force Space Division. Contact with the CRRES spacecraft was lost on October 12, 1991 and was presumed to be due to onboard battery failure. CRRES data sets consists of attitude and ephemeris data, magnetic field data, and energetic particle data.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Johnson, M. H. and J. Keirein "Combined Release and Radiation Effects Satellite (CRRES) Spacecraft and Mission," J. Spacecraft and Rockets, 29, No. 4, July-August 1992, pp.556-563.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Koga, R., S. D. Pinkerton and J. F. Fennell, "CRRES AFGL-701-11A (DPUA/MICS) Experiment Handbook, The Aerospace Corporation, P. O. Box 92957, Los Angeles, CA 90009, July 1990.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Koga, R., and S. D. Pinkerton, "CRRES AFGL-701-11B (DPUA/HMSB) Experiment Handbook, Report No. ATR-91(7216)-1, The Aerospace Corporation, P. O. Box 92957, Los Angeles, CA 90009, March 1992.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Koga, R., and S. D. Pinkerton, "CRRES AFGL-701-5,7 (DPU57) Experiment Handbook, The Aerospace Corporation, P. O. Box 92957, Los Angeles, CA 90009, July 1990.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Koga, R., S. S. Imamoto, N. Katz, and S. D. Pinkerton, "Data Processing Units for Eight Magnetospheric Particle and Field Sensors," J. Spacecraft and Rockets, 29, No. 4, July-August 1992, pp.574-579.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Young, D. T., B. L. Baraclough, D. J. McComas, M. F. Thomsen, K. McCabe and R. Vigil, "CRRES Low-Energy Magnetospheric Ion Composition Sensor", J. Spacecraft and Rockets, 29, No. 4, July-August 1992, pp.596-598.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Vampola, A., J. V. Osborn, and B. M. Johnson, "CRRES Magnetic Electron Spectrometer AFGL-701-5A (MEA)", J. Spacecraft and Rockets, 29, No. 4, July-August 1992, pp.592-595.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Korth, A., G. Kremser, B. Wilken, W. Guttler, S. L. Ullaland, and R. Koga, "Electron and Proton Wide-Angle Spectrometer (EPAS) on the CRRES Spacecraft", J. Spacecraft and Rockets, 29, No. 4, July-August 1992, pp.609-614.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Blake, J. B., and S. S. Imamoto, "Proton Switches", J. Spacecraft and Rockets, 29, No. 4, July-August 1992, pp.595-596.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Griffin, A., D. Delorey, and R. MacInerney, "CRRES Agency Tape Generation," GL TM No. 174, Air Force Geophysics Laboratory, Hanscom AFB, MA, October 1989.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: MacInerney, R., R. Raistrick, E. Robinson, and A. Griffin, "CRRES Data Management Plan Data Processing Task," GL TM No. 130, Air Force Geophysics Laboratory, Hanscom AFB, MA, June 1986.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: "CRRES Project Orbital Data Processing Task Aggency Tape Support Information," RMS Technologies, Inc., 70 Westview Street, Lexington, MA 02173, 8 August 1988.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Rodriguez, P., "Overview of the LASSII Experiment on the Combined Release and Radiation Effects Satellite," J. Spacecraft and Rockets, 29, No. 4, July-August 1992, pp.564-565.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Vampola, A., "Combined Release and Radiation Effects Satellite", J. Spacecraft and Rockets, 29, No. 4, July-August 1992, p.555.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19900725
Ending_Date: 19911012
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: Not Available
East_Bounding_Coordinate: Not Available
North_Bounding_Coordinate: Not Available
South_Bounding_Coordinate: Not Available
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SUN-EARTH INTERACTIONS > SOLAR ENERGETIC PARTICLE FLUX > ALPHA PARTICLE FLUX
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SUN-EARTH INTERACTIONS > SOLAR ENERGETIC PARTICLE FLUX > ELECTRON FLUX
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SUN-EARTH INTERACTIONS > SOLAR ENERGETIC PARTICLE PROPERTIES > PARTICLE COMPOSITION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SUN-EARTH INTERACTIONS > SOLAR ENERGETIC PARTICLE PROPERTIES > PARTICLE DENSITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SUN-EARTH INTERACTIONS > SOLAR ENERGETIC PARTICLE PROPERTIES > PARTICLE SPEED
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SUN-EARTH INTERACTIONS > SOLAR ENERGETIC PARTICLE PROPERTIES > PARTICLE TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SUN-EARTH INTERACTIONS > SOLAR ENERGETIC PARTICLE FLUX > PROTON FLUX
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SUN-EARTH INTERACTIONS > IONOSPHERE/MAGNETOSPHERE DYNAMICS > ELECTRIC FIELDS/ELECTRIC CURRENTS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SUN-EARTH INTERACTIONS > IONOSPHERE/MAGNETOSPHERE DYNAMICS > MAGNETIC FIELDS/MAGNETIC CURRENTS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SUN-EARTH INTERACTIONS > IONOSPHERE/MAGNETOSPHERE DYNAMICS > ION CHEMISTRY/IONIZATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SUN-EARTH INTERACTIONS > IONOSPHERE/MAGNETOSPHERE DYNAMICS > PLASMA WAVES
Theme_Keyword: CRRES > COMBINED RELEASE AND RADIATION EFFECTS SATELLITE
Theme_Keyword: Crres
Theme_Keyword: Radiation Belts
Theme_Keyword: Energetic Particles
Theme_Keyword: Cosmic Rays
Theme_Keyword: Radiation Effects
Theme_Keyword: GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: SPACE > EARTH MAGNETIC FIELD > HIGH LATITUDE MAGNETOSPHERE
Place_Keyword: SPACE > EARTH MAGNETIC FIELD > INNER MAGNETOSPHERE
Place_Keyword: SPACE > EARTH MAGNETIC FIELD > MAGNETOSPHERE (OTHER)
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NASA/GSFC/SSDOO/NSSDC > National Space Science Data Center, Space Science Data Operation Office, Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA
Contact_Person: NSSDC USER SUPPORT OFFICE
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: National Space Science Data Center
Address: NSSDC/Code 633.4
Address: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
City: Greenbelt
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20771
Country: USA
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: nssdc-request@lists.nasa.gov
Resource_Description: CRRES
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
ftp://nssdcftp.gsfc.nasa.gov/spacecraft_data/crres...
Access_Instructions:
Access to CRRES data
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/database/MasterCatalog?...
Access_Instructions:
Additional information on CRRES
Fees: None
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20041213
Metadata_Review_Date: 20050729
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: GCMD User Support Office
Contact_Organization: NASA Global Change Master Directory
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Not Available
City: Lanham
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20706
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: Not Available
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gcmduso@gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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