World Glacier Inventory

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: WGMS, and NSIDC (comps.).
Publication_Date: 19990101
Title: World Glacier Inventory
Edition: 1
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form:
Series_Information:
Series_Name:
Issue_Identification:
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Other_Citation_Details:
Online_Linkage: http://nsidc.org/data/G01130
Description:
Abstract:
The World Glacier Inventory (WGI) contains information for over 130,000 glaciers. Inventory parameters include geographic location, area, length, orientation, elevation, and classification. The WGI is based primarily on aerial photographs and maps with most glaciers having one data entry only. Hence, the dataset can be viewed as a snapshot of the glacier distribution in the second half of the 20th century. It is based on the original WGI (WGMS 1989) from the World Glacier Monitoring Service (WGMS).
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Allison, I., and J.A. Peterson. 1988. Glaciers of Irian Jaya, in Williams, R.S., Jr., and J.G. Ferrigno, eds. Satellite Image Atlas of Glaciers of the World - Glaciers of Irian Jaya, Indonesia, and New Zealand. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1386-H. Ames, A., S. Dolores, A. Valvedere, P. Evangelista, D. Corcino, W. Ganvini, J. Zúñiga and V. Gomez. 1988. Inventario de Glaciares del Perú, Part II. Unidad de Glaciología e Hidrología, Hidrandina SA, Huaraz. 105p. Aniya, M. 1988. Glacier inventory for the Northern Patagonia Icefield, Chile, and variations 1944/45 to 1985/86. Arctic and Alpine Research 20(2), 179-187. Aniya, M., H. Sato, R. Naruse, P. Skvarca and G. Casassa. 1996. The use of satellite and airborne imagery to inventory outlet glaciers of the Southern Patagonia Icefield. South America, Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 62(12),1361-1369. Arendt, A.A., Echelmeyer, K.A., Harrison, W.D., Lingle, S.C. and Valentine, V.B. 2002. Rapid wastage of Alaska glaciers and their contribution to rising sea level. Science 297: 382-386. doi:10.1126/science.1072497. Bedford, D. and C. Haggerty. 1996. New digitized glacier inventory for the former Soviet Union and China. Earth System Monitor, ISSN 1068-2678, NOAA Environmental Information Services Office, 6(3): 8-10. Bertone, M. 1960. Inventario de los Glaciares Existentes en la Vertiente Argentina entre los Paralelos 47° 30′y 51° S. Publication 3, Instituto Nacional del Hielo Continental Patagónico, Buenos Aires. 103p. Bhagat, R.M., V. Kalia, C. Sood, P.K. Mool and S.R. Bajracharya. 2004. Himachal Pradesh Himalaya India - Inventory of Glaciers and Glacial Lakes and the Identification of Potential Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOFs) Affected by Global Warming in the Mountains of Himalayan Region. International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Kathmandu. CD-ROM, report (254p.), data. Calkin, P.E., D.S. Kaufman, B.J. Przybyl, W.B. Whitford and B.J. Peck. 1998. Glacier regimes, periglacial landforms, and Holocene climate changes in the Kigluaik Mountains, Seward Peninsula, Alaska, U.S.A. Arctic and Alpine Research 30(2): 154-165. Casassa, G., K. Smith, A. Rivera, J. Araos, M. Schnirch and C. Schneider. 2002. Inventory of glaciers in Isla Riesco, Patagonia, Chile, based on aerial photography and satellite imagery. Annals of Glaciology 34: 373-378. Cogley, J. G. 2010. A more complete version of the World Glacier Inventory. Annals of Glaciology, 50(53), 32-38. doi: 10.3189/172756410790595859. Cogley, J. G. 2008. Extended format for the World Glacier Inventory. Trent Technical Note 2005-1. Fernández A., J. Araos and J. Marín. 2005. Inventario de glaciares del Volcán Michimahuida utilizando Sistemas de Información Geográfica (SIG): resultados preliminares, poster presented at CEQUA Symposium, Puerto Natales, Chile, 4-9 April 2005. Garin, C. 1987. Inventario de glaciares de los Andes Chilenos desde los 18° a los 32° de latitud sur. Revista de Geografía Norte Grande 14 35-48. Gellatly, A.F., C. Smiraglia, J.M. Grove and R. Latham. 1994. Recent variations of Ghiaccaio del Calderone, Abruzzi, Italy. Journal of Glaciology 40(136): 486-490. Haeberli, W. 1998. Historical evolution and operation aspects of worldwide glacier monitoring in Into the second century of worldwide glacier monitoring: prospects and strategies. Studies and reports in hydrology, No. 56. Edited by W. Haeberli, M. Hoelzle, and S. Suter. UNESCO Publishing, Paris: 36-52. Hagen,J.O., O. Liestøl, E. Roland and T. Jørgensen. 1993. Glacier Atlas of Svalbard and Jan Mayen. Meddelelser 129, Norsk Polarinstitutt, Oslo. 141p. Hoelzle, M. and Trindler, M. 1998. Data management and application. In: Haeberli, W. (ed.), Into the second century of world glacier monitoring: prospects and strategies. UNESCO, Paris, 56: 53-72. Holdgate, M.W., and P.E. Baker. 1979. The South Sandwich Islands: I. General Description. Scientific Report 91, British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge. 76p. 11 plates. Institut Géographique National.1967. Terres Australes et Antarctiques Françaises: Iles Kerguelen. Reconnaisssance map at 1:100 000 in 3 sheets. Imprimérie de l'Institut Géographique National, Paris. Kaul, M.K. 1999. Inventory of the Himalayan Glaciers. Special Publication 34, Geological Survey of India, Calcutta. 165p. Langenegger, O., and W.J. Verwoerd. 1971. Topographic survey, in van Zinderen Bakker, E.M., Sr., J.M. Winterbottom and R.A. Dyer, eds., Marion and Prince Edward Islands, 32-39 and two maps at 1:50 000 scale. A.A. Balkema, Cape Town. 427p. Lorenzo, J.L. 1964. Los Glaciares de México. Monograph 1, Instituto de Geofísica, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City. 2nd ed. 114p. Mool, P.K., S.R. Bajracharya and S.P. Joshi. 2001a. Inventory of Glaciers, Glacial Lakes and Glacial Lake Outburst Floods - Monitoring and Early Warning Systems in the Hindu Kush-Himalayan Region: Nepal. International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Kathmandu. CD-ROM, report (197p.), data. Mool, P.K., D. Wangda, S.R. Bajracharya, K.Kunzang, D.R. Gurung and S.P. Joshi. 2001b. Inventory of Glaciers, Glacial Lakes and Glacial Lake Outburst Floods - Monitoring and Early Warning Systems in the Hindu Kush-Himalayan Region: Bhutan. International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Kathmandu. CD-ROM, report (127p.), data. Mool, P.K., S.R. Bajracharya, R. Roohi, A. Ashraf and S.A. Hussain. 2004. Upper Indus, Jhelum, Shingo, Shyok, and Shigar River Basins, Pakistan Himalaya: Inventory of Glaciers and Glacial Lakes and the Identification of Potential Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOFs) Affected by Global Warming in the Mountains of Himalayan Region. International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Kathmandu. CD-ROM, report (343p.), data. Mool, P.K., S.R. Bajracharya, B. Shrestha, S.P. Joshi, R. Roohi, A. Arshad, R. Naz. S.A. Hussain and M.H. Chaudhry. 2005. Indus Basin: Inventory of Glaciers and Glacial Lakes and Identification of Potential Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOFs) Affected by Global Warming in the Mountains of Himalayan Region. International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Kathmandu. CD-ROM, report (321p.), data. Müller, F., Caflisch, T. and Müller, G. (eds.). 1977. Instructions for the compilation and assemblage of data for a world glacier inventory. IAHS(ICSI)/UNESCO report, Temporal Technical Secretariat for the World Glacier Inventory (TTS/WGI), ETH Zurich, Switzerland. Müller, F. (ed.). 1978. Instructions for the compilation and assemblage of data for a world glacier inventory; Supplement: Identification/glacier number IAHS(ICSI)/UNEP/UNESCO report, Temporal Technical Secretariat for the World Glacier Inventory (TTS/WGI), ETH Zurich, Switzerland. Radić, V., and R. Hock. 2010. Regional and global volumes of glaciers derived from statistical upscaling of glacier inventory data. J. Geophys. Res. 115, F01010. doi:10.1029/2009JF001373. Rau, F., Mauz, F., De Angelis, H., Jaña, R., Arigony Neto, J., Skvarca, P., Vogt, S., Saurer, H., Gossmann, H. 2004. Variations of glacier frontal positions on the Northern Antarctic Peninsula. Annals of Glaciology 39: 525-530. Rivera, A., and G. Casassa. 2004. Ice elevation, areal, and frontal changes of glaciers from National Park Torres del Paine, Southern Patagonia Icefield. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research 36(4): 379-389. Sah, M., G. Philip, P.K. Mool, S. Bhajracharya and B. Shrestha. 2005. Uttaranchal Himalaya India: Inventory of Glaciers and Glacial Lakes and the Identification of Potential Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOFs) Affected by Global Warming in the Mountains of Himalayan Region. International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Kathmandu. CD-ROM, report (176p.), data. Scherler, K. (ed.). 1983. Guidelines for preliminary glacier inventories. IAHS(ICSI)/ UNEP/UNESCO report, Temporal Technical Secretariat for the World Glacier Inventory (TTS/WGI), ETH Zurich, Switzerland. Schneider, C., M. Schnirch, G. Casassa, C. Acuña and R. Kilian. 2005. Gran Campo Nevado, Chile, 1:65,000 (aerial photogrammetric map and glacier inventory), in Haeberli, W., M. Zemp, M. Hoelzle, R. Frauenfelder, M. Hoelzle and A. Kääb, Fluctuations of Glaciers, 1995-2000 (Vol. VIII), 66. With 1:65,000-scale topographic orthoimage map Gran Campo Nevado, Península Muñoz Gamero, Patagonia, Chile. International Commission on Snow and Ice of International Association of Hydrological Sciences/UNESCO, Paris. Schneider, C., M. Schnirch, C. Acuña, G. Casassa and R. Kilian. 2007. Glacier inventory of the Gran Campo Nevado Ice Cap in the southern Andes and glacier changes observed during recent decades. Global and Planetary Change 59: 87-100. Sedov, R.V. 1997. Ledniki poluostrova Tajgonos. Materialy Glyatsiologicheskikh Issledovaniy 82: 218-221. UNESCO. 1970. Perennial ice and snow masses - a guide for compilation and assemblage of data for the World Glacier Inventory. Technical Papers in Hydrology No. 1. Weidick, A., Bøggild, C.E., and Knudsen, N.T. 1992. Glacier Inventory and Atlas of West Greenland. Report 158, Grønlands Geologiske Undersøgelse, Copenhagen. 193p. Digital data available from the National Snow and Ice Data Center, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado. WGMS and NSIDC. 1989, updated 2012. World glacier inventory. Compiled and made available by the World Glacier Monitoring Service, Zurich, Switzerland, and the National Snow and Ice Data Center, Boulder CO, USA. Digital media. WGMS and NSIDC. 1989, updated 2009. World glacier inventory. Compiled and made available by the World Glacier Monitoring Service, Zurich, Switzerland, and the National Snow and Ice Data Center, Boulder CO, USA. Digital media. WGMS. 1993. Fluctuations of Glaciers 1985-1990 (Vol. VI). Haeberli, W. and Hoelzle, M. (eds.), IAHS (ICSI) / UNEP / UNESCO, World Glacier Monitoring Service, Zurich, Switzerland: 322 pp. WGMS (1989): World Glacier Inventory - Status 1988. Haeberli, W., Bösch, H., Scherler, K., Østrem, G. and Wallén, C. C. (eds.), IAHS (ICSI) / UNEP / UNESCO, World Glacier Monitoring Service, Zurich, Switzerland: 458 pp. White, S.E. 2002. Glaciers of Mexico, in Williams, R.S., Jr., and J.G. Ferrigno, (eds.), Satellite Image Atlas of Glaciers of the World - North America. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1386-J, 383-405. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19000101
Ending_Date: 20031231
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -180.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 180.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 89.3
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -71.66
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD INSTRUMENT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > GLACIERS/ICE SHEETS > GLACIERS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > GLACIERS/ICE SHEETS > GLACIERS
Theme_Keyword: AIRCRAFT
Theme_Keyword: GROUND STATIONS
Theme_Keyword: MAPS
Theme_Keyword: CAMERAS
Theme_Keyword: VISUAL OBSERVATIONS
Theme_Keyword: Glacier Classification
Theme_Keyword: Glacier Form
Theme_Keyword: Glacier Size
Theme_Keyword: Glacier Surface Ablation
Theme_Keyword: Location
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: ELEVATION
Theme_Keyword: GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > ARGENTINA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > NUNAVUT
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > CALIFORNIA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > ALASKA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ASIA > SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA > PAKISTAN
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > PERU
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > EUROPE > EASTERN EUROPE > RUSSIA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > EUROPE > NORTHERN EUROPE > SCANDINAVIA > SWEDEN
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > EUROPE > WESTERN EUROPE > SWITZERLAND
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ASIA > SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA > TAJIKISTAN
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ASIA > SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA > UZBEKISTAN
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > AFRICA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > ARCTIC
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ASIA
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > EURASIA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > EUROPE
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > GLOBAL
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > GLOBAL LAND
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > EUROPE > NORTHERN EUROPE > SCANDINAVIA > NORWAY
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ASIA > SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA > NEPAL
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > GREENLAND
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > EUROPE > WESTERN EUROPE > GERMANY
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN > INDONESIA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > GEORGIA, REPUBLIC
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > EUROPE > SOUTHERN EUROPE > ITALY
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > AZERBAIJAN
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ASIA > SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA > BHUTAN
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > BOLIVIA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > CHILE
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ASIA > EASTERN ASIA > CHINA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > ECUADOR
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > EUROPE > WESTERN EUROPE > FRANCE
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > MEXICO
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > AUSTRALIA/NEW ZEALAND > NEW ZEALAND
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: WGMS (WWW.WGMS.CH)
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: NSIDC USER SERVICES
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: World Glacier Monitoring Service
Address: Department of Geography, University of Zurich
Address: Winterthurerstrasse 190
City: Zurich
Postal_Code: CH-8057
Country: Switzerland
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
Address: University of Colorado
City: Boulder
State_or_Province: CO
Postal_Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 41 44 635 5139
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +1 (303) 492-2468
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: wgms@geo.uzh.ch
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: nsidc@nsidc.org
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Data obtained from WGMS prior to 1999 were subjected to plausibility checks at WGMS while they were being loaded into the database in Zurich. Errors uncovered during the plausibility check were printed out and sent to the data collectors for review. The final accuracy of the data is the responsibility of the data collectors in the individual countries (Hoelzle and Trindler, 1998).
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NSIDC_NOAA > National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration at the National Snow and Ice Data Center
Contact_Person: NSIDC NOAA USER SERVICES
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
Address: University of Colorado
City: Boulder
State_or_Province: CO
Postal_Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +1 (303) 492-2468
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: nsidc@nsidc.org
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NSIDC > National Snow and Ice Data Center
Contact_Person: NSIDC USER SERVICES
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
Address: University of Colorado
City: Boulder
State_or_Province: CO
Postal_Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +1 (303) 492-2468
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: nsidc@nsidc.org
Resource_Description: G01130
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ASCII Text (.txt)
Transfer_Size: 37 MB
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://nsidc.org/noaa/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://nsidc.org
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://nsidc.org/glaciers/index.html
Access_Instructions:
All About Glaciers
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://http://www.wgms.ch/
Access_Instructions:
World Glacier Monitoring Service
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://nsidc.org/glims/
Access_Instructions:
GLIMS Data at NSIDC
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.geo.unizh.ch/wgms/
Access_Instructions:
World Glacier Monitoring Service
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://nsidc.org/data/g00472.html
Access_Instructions:
Glacier Photograph Collection
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 19990101
Metadata_Review_Date: 20140409
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: GCMD User Support Office
Contact_Organization: NASA Global Change Master Directory
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Not Available
City: Lanham
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20706
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: Not Available
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gcmduso@gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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