Meteorological Observations and Climate Data from Moscow, Russia (1810-1937)

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Meteorological Observations and Climate Data from Moscow, Russia (1810-1937)
Description:
Abstract:
The climate data resides in 1 book, 'Meteoroligische Beobachtungen in Moskau im Jahre' (C/db L685) written in German. The data contained in this book are daily and monthly surface climatic data for Moscow, Russia from 1900 to 1909. Daily variables for each month of the period incorporated in these data are the following: mean maximum and minimum pressure, and mean and mean amplitude variation of humidity. Monthly parameters for each month contained in these data are: mean pressure, cloudiness, winds, snow, air and snow-level temperature, temperature at different depths, sunshine hours and evaporation; mean maximum and minimum air, soil, and snow level depth temperature and solar radiation; absolute maximum and minimum pressure, temperature, humidity, and 24 hour precipitation maximum; mean maximum and minimum temperature, humidity, cloudiness, and precipitation; number of days of frost, clear skies, cloudy skies, and partly cloudy skies, precipitation, precipitation of a certain intensity, snow, hail, graupel, fog, haze, dew, ice, lightning, thunderstorms, strong and calm winds, and rainbows; wind direction frequency; mean amplitude variation of the temperature; amplitude mean of the temperature; and maximum and minimum amplitude of the pressure, temperature, and humidity. Monthly variables averaged over the period include: absolute maximum and minimum pressure; number of clear, cloudy, and cloudless days; and maximum and minimum amplitude of the pressure. The hourly observations and additional climate data resides in 4 books, 'Observations Meteorolgiques Faites a l'Observatoire De L'Universite Imperiale de Moscou' (C/db Ao-M) written in Russian and French; 'Meteorolgische Beobachtungen ausgefuhrt am Meteorologischen Observatorium der Landwirthschaftlichen Academie zu Moskau' (C/db Ao-Ml) written in German and English; 'Bulletin de l'Observatoire Actimometrique et Meteorologique de Moscou' (C/db Ao-Mo) written in Russian and French; and 'Observations Faites a la Observatoire Meteorologique De L'Intitut Agronomique De Moscou' (C/db Ao-Ma) written in Russian and English. The data contained in these books are hourly surface observations and daily and monthly surface climatic data for the period 1810 to 1911 and 1935 to 1937. Parameters included in the hourly observations are pressure, air, soil, and snow surface temperature, humidity, cloudiness, wind direction and speed, evaporation, vapor pressure, and solar radiation. Daily variables for each month incorporated in these data are the following: mean pressure, air and soil temperature, humidity, cloudiness, and vapor pressure; maximum and minimum pressure, air and ground temperature, and humidity; precipitation, evaporation, and sunshine totals; cloud speed and direction; snow cover; ozone; duration of insolation; diffuse radiation; and duration of precipitation. Monthly parameters contained in these data for each month are: mean temperature, pressure, humidity, and wind speed and direction; absolute maximum and minimum pressure, temperature, humidity, and 24 hour precipitation amounts; number of days of maximum and minimum temperature <0, clear skies, cloudy skies, precipitation, thunder, sleet, snow, fog, and strong winds; and wind frequency. Monthly variables averaged over the period are mean air temperature and temperature variation. In addition, dates of earliest plant blooms are given. These books are part of the foreign meteorological data collection held by the NOAA Central Library in Washington, DC. Information in this collection dates back to the 18th century for daily, monthly, seasonal, and annual tabular summaries, and the 19th century for weather maps. These data are the result of foreign exchange agreements, but the collection has not been updated since 1983.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
Not Available
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 18100101
Ending_Date: 19371231
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 35.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 40.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 60.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 55.0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD INSTRUMENT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > AIR QUALITY > VISIBILITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY > TRACE GASES/TRACE SPECIES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC ELECTRICITY > LIGHTNING
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA > FOG
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA > FREEZE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA > FROST
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA > LIGHTNING
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA > STORMS > THUNDERSTORMS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE > SURFACE PRESSURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE > AIR TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE > MAXIMUM/MINIMUM TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE > SURFACE AIR TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR > EVAPORATION > SURFACE EVAPORATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR > HUMIDITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR > HUMIDITY > SURFACE HUMIDITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR > WATER VAPOR > HUMIDITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR > WATER VAPOR > SURFACE HUMIDITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WINDS > SURFACE WINDS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > CLOUDS > CLOUD PROPERTIES > CLOUD FREQUENCY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > CLOUDS > CLOUD TYPES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > FREEZING RAIN
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > HAIL
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > PRECIPITATION AMOUNT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > RAIN
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > SLEET
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > SNOW > SNOWFALL
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION > SOLAR IRRADIANCE > INSOLATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION > SOLAR RADIATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION > SUNSHINE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > FREEZE/THAW
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > FROST
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > SNOW COVER
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > SNOW DEPTH
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > SNOW/ICE TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > FREEZE/THAW
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > FROST
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > SNOW COVER
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > SNOW DEPTH
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > SNOW/ICE TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > LAND TEMPERATURE > LAND SURFACE TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > SOIL TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > PLANTS > ANGIOSPERMS (FLOWERING PLANTS) > PLANT BLOOMS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY > OXYGEN COMPOUNDS > OZONE
Theme_Keyword: GROUND STATIONS
Theme_Keyword: HYGROMETERS
Theme_Keyword: ESIP > EARTH SCIENCE INFORMATION PARTNERS PROGRAM
Theme_Keyword: Climatology
Theme_Keyword: Daily Data
Theme_Keyword: Hourly Data
Theme_Keyword: Insolation
Theme_Keyword: Monthly Data
Theme_Keyword: Moscow
Theme_Keyword: Optical Phenomena
Theme_Keyword: Russia
Theme_Keyword: Skycover
Theme_Keyword: Soil Temperatures
Theme_Keyword: Statistics
Theme_Keyword: Sunshine
Theme_Keyword: Surface
Theme_Keyword: Surface Evaporation
Theme_Keyword: Surface Humidity
Theme_Keyword: Surface Pressure
Theme_Keyword: Surface Temperature
Theme_Keyword: Surface Winds
Theme_Keyword: Thunderstorms
Theme_Keyword: Ussr
Theme_Keyword: Weather Observations
Theme_Keyword: BIOTA
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: ENVIRONMENT
Theme_Keyword: GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
Theme_Keyword: INLAND WATERS
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > EUROPE > EASTERN EUROPE > RUSSIA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ASIA > USSR > RUSSIA
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > MID-LATITUDE
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NODC/LISD > Library Services Information Division, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Contact_Person: NOAA CENTRAL LIBRARY
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: NOAA Central Library
Address: 1315 East-West Highway 2nd Floor, SSMC3
City: Silver Spring
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20910-3282
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (301) 713-2600 x124
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (301) 713-4598
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: reference@www.lib.noaa.gov
Resource_Description: C/DB AO-M
Resource_Description: C/DB AO-MA
Resource_Description: C/DB AO-ML
Resource_Description: C/DB AO-MO
Resource_Description: C/DB L685
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.lib.noaa.gov/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date:
Metadata_Review_Date: 20120223
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: PETER L. GRIMM
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: NOAA Environmental Information Services
Address: 1315 East-West Highway, SSMC3, Station 15441
City: Silver Spring
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20910
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (301) 713-0575
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (301) 713-1249
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: peter.l.grimm@noaa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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