Hourly Observations and Climate Data, Including Rainfall Data in Transcaucasia,for Cities in the Russian Empire (1813-1918)

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Hourly Observations and Climate Data, Including Rainfall Data in Transcaucasia,for Cities in the Russian Empire (1813-1918)
Description:
Abstract:
The Russian Empire climate data resides in 4 books, 'Memoire Sur La Temperature Moyenne De Plusieurs Points De L'Empire De Russie' (C/db K96); 'Observations Meteorologiques et Magnetiques Faites Dans L'Empire De Russie' (C/db K96m); 'Memoires De L'Academie Imperiale Des Sciences De Saint-Petersbourg' (C/db K96o); and 'Resumes Des Observations Meteorologiques Faites Dans L'Etendue De L'Empire De Russie' (C/db K96r), all written in French. The data contained in these books are hourly surface observations, daily, monthly, seasonal, and annual surface climatic data, and some geomagnetic data for selected cities in the Russian Empire from 1813 to 1836. Parameters included in the hourly observations are pressure, air temperature, cloudiness, precipitation, winds, vapor pressure, and the geomagnetic variables of inclination, azimuth, absolute declination, and magnetic declination. The only daily variable is mean temperature. It is calculated for each month and averaged over the period. Monthly parameters for each month are the following: mean pressure, temperature, humidity, and winds; mean maximum and minimum pressure and temperature; absolute maximum and minimum pressure and temperature; number of days of fog, rain, snow, frost, thunderstorms, hail, clear skies, partly cloudy skies, and cloudy skies; precipitation totals; and wind frequency. Monthly parameters averaged over the period are mean temperature, mean maximum and minimum temperature, and wind frequency. Wind frequency and mean temperature are averaged seasonally and annually. Additional variables that can be found in these data are hottest and coldest days of each year, number of days that a river or lake is ice-covered, earliest and latest frost, first snowfall, and duration of the winter. The Transcaucasia rainfall data resides in 1 book, 'Precipitation in Transcaucasia' (C/db K76) written in Russian, English notes. The data contained in this book are monthly, seasonal, and annual precipitation data for Transcaucasia in Russia from 1848 to 1918. Precipitation parameters averaged over the period and for each individual month included in these data are the following: absolute maximum in 24 hours for a month; monthly totals; and monthly number of days with hail, snow and precipitation of a certain intensity. Precipitation variables averaged only for the period 1848 to 1918 are mean monthly and seasonal precipitation, monthly probability of precipitation, and mean monthly number of showers. These books are part of the foreign meteorological data collection held by the NOAA Central Library in Washington, DC. Information in this collection dates back to the 18th century for daily, monthly, seasonal, and annual tabular summaries, and the 19th century for weather maps. These data are the result of foreign exchange agreements, but the collection has not been updated since 1983.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
Not Available
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 18130101
Ending_Date: 19181231
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 20.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 175.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 70.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 35.0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD INSTRUMENT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA > FOG
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE > SURFACE PRESSURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE > AIR TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE > MAXIMUM/MINIMUM TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE > SURFACE AIR TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR > HUMIDITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR > HUMIDITY > SURFACE HUMIDITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR > WATER VAPOR > HUMIDITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR > WATER VAPOR > SURFACE HUMIDITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WINDS > SURFACE WINDS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > CLOUDS > CLOUD PROPERTIES > CLOUD FREQUENCY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > CLOUDS > CLOUD TYPES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > FREEZING RAIN
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > HAIL
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > PRECIPITATION AMOUNT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > RAIN
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > SLEET
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > SNOW > SNOWFALL
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > FREEZE/THAW
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > FROST
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > LAKE ICE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > RIVER ICE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > SNOW COVER
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > SNOW DEPTH
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > FREEZE/THAW
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > FROST
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > LAKE ICE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > RIVER ICE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > SNOW COVER
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > SNOW DEPTH
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > LAKES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > RIVERS/STREAMS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > GEOMAGNETISM > MAGNETIC FIELD > MAGNETIC DECLINATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > GEOMAGNETISM > MAGNETIC FIELD
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > GEOMAGNETISM > MAGNETIC FIELD > MAGNETIC INCLINATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > GEOMAGNETISM > MAGNETIC FIELD > MAGNETIC INTENSITY
Theme_Keyword: GROUND STATIONS
Theme_Keyword: HYGROMETERS
Theme_Keyword: ESIP > EARTH SCIENCE INFORMATION PARTNERS PROGRAM
Theme_Keyword: Annual Data
Theme_Keyword: Daily Data
Theme_Keyword: Frost
Theme_Keyword: Geomagnetics
Theme_Keyword: Hourly Data
Theme_Keyword: Monthly Data
Theme_Keyword: Rainfall
Theme_Keyword: Russia
Theme_Keyword: Seasonal Data
Theme_Keyword: Snow
Theme_Keyword: Snowfall
Theme_Keyword: Surface
Theme_Keyword: Surface Humidity
Theme_Keyword: Surface Pressure
Theme_Keyword: Surface Temperature
Theme_Keyword: Surface Water Vapor
Theme_Keyword: Surface Winds
Theme_Keyword: Transcaucasia
Theme_Keyword: Ussr
Theme_Keyword: Vapor Pressure
Theme_Keyword: Weather Observations
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
Theme_Keyword: INLAND WATERS
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > EUROPE > EASTERN EUROPE > RUSSIA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ASIA > USSR > RUSSIA
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > MID-LATITUDE
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: V. KOCHERGIN
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Management of Transcaucasian Water Economy
Address: Research Department
City: Tiflis
Country: Russia
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NODC/LISD > Library Services Information Division, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Contact_Person: NOAA CENTRAL LIBRARY
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: NOAA Central Library
Address: 1315 East-West Highway 2nd Floor, SSMC3
City: Silver Spring
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20910-3282
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (301) 713-2600 x124
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (301) 713-4598
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: reference@www.lib.noaa.gov
Resource_Description: C/DB K96
Resource_Description: C/DB K96M
Resource_Description: C/DB K96O
Resource_Description: C/DB K96R
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.lib.noaa.gov/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date:
Metadata_Review_Date: 20120223
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: PETER L. GRIMM
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: NOAA Environmental Information Services
Address: 1315 East-West Highway, SSMC3, Station 15441
City: Silver Spring
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20910
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (301) 713-0575
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (301) 713-1249
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: peter.l.grimm@noaa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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