First ISCCP Regional Experiment (FIRE) Atlantic Stratocumulus Transition Experiment (ASTEX) SOFIA ARAT Fokker F27 Aircraft Turbulence

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: First ISCCP Regional Experiment (FIRE) Atlantic Stratocumulus Transition Experiment (ASTEX) SOFIA ARAT Fokker F27 Aircraft Turbulence
Description:
Abstract:
The First ISCCP Regional Experiments have been designed to improve data products and cloud/radiation parameterizations used in general circulation models (GCMs). Specifically, the goals of FIRE are (1) to improve the basic understanding of the interaction of physical processes in determining life cycles of cirrus and marine stratocumulus systems and the radiative properties of these clouds during their life cycles and (2) to investigate the interrelationships between the ISCCP data, GCM parameterizations, and higher space and time resolution cloud data. To-date, four intensive field-observation periods were planned and executed: a cirrus IFO (October 13 - November 2, 1986); a marine stratocumulus IFO off the southwestern coast of California (June 29 - July 20, 1987); a second cirrus IFO in southeastern Kansas (November 13 - December 7, 1991); and a second marine stratocumulus IFO in the eastern North Atlantic Ocean (June 1 - June 28, 1992). Each mission combined coordinated satellite, airborne, and surface observations with modeling studies to investigate the cloud properties and physical processes of the cloud systems. SOFIA (Surface of the Ocean, Fluxes and Interaction with the Atmosphere) is a research program carried out by French groups from the Centre de Recherches en Physique de l'Environnement (CRPE), Laboratoire l'Aerologie (LA)-Toulouse, Centre de Meteorologie Marine (CMM)-Brest, Institut Francais de Rechercher sur la Mer (IFREMER)-Brest, Service d'Aeronomie-Paris, and Laboratoire de Meteorologie Dynamique (LMD)-Palaiseau with cooperation from Centre National de Recherche Meteorologique (CNRM)-Toulouse. The scientific objective of SOFIA during ASTEX was the study of energy transfer (heat, humidity and momentum fluxes) between the sea surface and the atmospheric boundary layer at scales ranging from the local scale to the mesoscale (50 km). The general concept of the program was to develop a measurement strategy based on nested boxes in which instrumentation would be used to estimate and quantify fluxes. These instruments, from which flux estimates at different scales would be measured, were used in connection with satellite measurements to understand and, hence, to validate the "satellite integration" of fluxes, particularly in the presence of mesoscale oceanic and atmospheric structures responsible for spatial inhomogeneity of fluxes. The FOKKER F27 aircraft with flux measurement package and the airborne Lidar Leandre was used during ASTEX. The FOKKER 27 ARAT capabilities were as follows: * Turbulence measurements of wind, temperature and moisture. Fast response sensors located on a nose boom 5m long, which measured - attack and sideslip angles by mobile vanes and by a five hole probe (Rosemound 858). - true airspeed by a Pitot probe - temperature by a fast response "INSU" probe - humidity by a Lyman-alpha humidity meter * Mean state sensors - Rosemount temperature probe - Reverse-flow temperature probe - General Eastern dew point sensor * Aerosols and cloud microphysics - 1-D drop size measurements from 0-6000 microns by four Knollenberg sensors - 2-D sensor OAP 2DC for drop sizes between 25 and 800 microns * Liquid water content - Johnson-Williams sensors * Radiative measurements, up- and downward - Longwave (14-40 microns) Eppley radiometers - Shortwave (0.2-2.8 microns) Eppley radiometers - Radiances (7.8-14 microns) Barnes PRT5 radiometers * Chemical measurements(isokinetic veins) * Pointint backscatter lidar (Leandre) * Directional reflectances meausrements (POLDER- Polarized Direct Reflectance)
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
Not Available
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19920601
Ending_Date: 19920620
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -24.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 110.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 37.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 35.0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD INSTRUMENT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE > AIR TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WINDS > SURFACE WINDS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WINDS > UPPER LEVEL WINDS
Theme_Keyword: FOKKER F27
Theme_Keyword: HYGROMETERS
Theme_Keyword: THERMOMETERS
Theme_Keyword: EOSDIS > EARTH OBSERVING SYSTEM DATA INFORMATION SYSTEM
Theme_Keyword: FIRE > FIRST ISCCP REGIONAL EXPERIMENT
Theme_Keyword: ESIP > EARTH SCIENCE INFORMATION PARTNERS PROGRAM
Theme_Keyword: Arat Fokker F-27
Theme_Keyword: Astex
Theme_Keyword: Azores
Theme_Keyword: Eosdis
Theme_Keyword: Flow Angle Sensor
Theme_Keyword: Idn_node Gsfc/larc_daac
Theme_Keyword: Mixing Ratio
Theme_Keyword: Platinum Resistance Thermometer
Theme_Keyword: Sofia
Theme_Keyword: Variable Capacitance
Theme_Keyword: Wind Direction
Theme_Keyword: Wind Speed
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > MID-LATITUDE
Place_Keyword: VERTICAL LOCATION > BOUNDARY LAYER
Place_Keyword: VERTICAL LOCATION > STRATOSPHERE
Place_Keyword: VERTICAL LOCATION > TROPOSPHERE
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: LAURENCE EYMARD
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: ALAIN WEILL
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: CETP
Address: Universite St Quentin - Versailles
Address: 10-12 av. de l'Europe
City: Velizy
Postal_Code: 78140
Country: France
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: CETP
Address: Universite St Quentin - Versailles
Address: 10-12 av. de l'Europe
City: VELIZY
Postal_Code: 78140
Country: FRANCE
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 33 (1) 39 25 49 02
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 33 (1) 39 25 49 00
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 33 (1) 39 25 49 22
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 33 (1) 39 25 49 22
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: Laurence.Eymard@cetp.ipsl.fr
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: Alain.Weill@cetp.ipsl.fr
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NASA/LARC/SD/ASDC > Atmospheric Science Data Center, Science Directorate, Langley Research Center, NASA
Contact_Person: ASDC USER SERVICES
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: NASA Langley Atmospheric Science Data Center
Address: User and Data Services
Address: NASA Langley Research Center
Address: Mail Stop 157D
City: Hampton
State_or_Province: VA
Postal_Code: 23681-2199
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 757-864-8656
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: support-asdc@earthdata.nasa.gov
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NASA/LARC/SD/LARC_DAAC > Langley Research Center Distributed Active Archive Center, Science Directorate, Langley Research Center, NASA
Contact_Person: ASDC USER SERVICES
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: NASA Langley Atmospheric Science Data Center
Address: User and Data Services
Address: NASA Langley Research Center
Address: Mail Stop 157D
City: Hampton
State_or_Province: VA
Postal_Code: 23681-2199
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 757-864-8656
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: support-asdc@earthdata.nasa.gov
Resource_Description: FIRE_AX_SOF_ARAT_TRB
Resource_Description: FIRE_AX_SOF_ARAT_TRB
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
https://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/project/fire/fire_ax_...
Access_Instructions:
Access to FIRE data via ASDC Java order tool.
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
https://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/project/fire/fire_tab...
Access_Instructions:
Access FIRE data and information.
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date:
Metadata_Review_Date: 20140326
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: ASDC USER SERVICES
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: NASA Langley Atmospheric Science Data Center
Address: User and Data Services
Address: NASA Langley Research Center
Address: Mail Stop 157D
City: Hampton
State_or_Province: VA
Postal_Code: 23681-2199
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 757-864-8656
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: support-asdc@earthdata.nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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