A Model of the Productivity of the Northern Pintail

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Carlson, John D., Jr., William R. Clark, and Erwin E. Klaas
Publication_Date: 1993
Title: A Model of the Productivity of the Northern Pintail
Edition: Version 13JUN2001
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form:
Series_Information:
Series_Name:
Issue_Identification:
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Jamestown, North Dakota
Publisher: U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service
Other_Citation_Details:
Online_Linkage: http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/birds/npprod/index.htm
Description:
Abstract:
We adapted a stochastic computer model to simulate productivity of the northern pintail (Anas acuta). Researchers at the Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service originally developed the model to simulate productivity of the mallard (A. platyrhynchos). We obtained data and descriptive information on the breeding biology of pintails from a literature review and from discussions with waterfowl biologists. All biological parameters in the productivity component of the mallard model (e.g., initial body weights, weight loss during laying and incubation, incubation time, clutch size, nest site selection characteristics) were compared with data on pintails and adjusted accordingly. The function in the mallard model that predicts nest initiation in response to pond conditions adequately mimicked pintail behavior and did not require adjustment. Recruitment rate was most sensitive to variations in parameters that control nest success, seasonal duckling survival rate, and yearling and adult body weight. We simulated upland and wetland habitat conditions in central North Dakota and compared simulation results with observed data. Simulated numbers were not significantly different from observed numbers of successful nests during wet, average, and dry wetland conditions. The simulated effect of predator barrier fencing in a study area in central North Dakota increased recruitment rate by an average of 18.4%. This modeling synthesized existing knowledge on the breeding biology of the northern pintail, identified necessary research, and furnished a useful tool for the examination and comparison of various management options. This modeling synthesized existing knowledge on the breeding biology of the northern pintail, identified necessary research, and furnished a useful tool for the examination and comparison of various management options. A stochastic computer model was adopted to simulate productivity of the northern pintail (Anas acuta). Researchers at the Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service originally developed the model to simulate productivity of the mallard (A. platyrhynchos). We obtained data and descriptive information on the breeding biology of pintails from a literature review and from discussions with waterfowl biologists. All biological parameters in the productivity component of the mallard model (e.g., initial body weights, weight loss during laying and incubation, incubation time, clutch size, nest site selection characteristics) were compared with data on pintails and adjusted accordingly. The function in the mallard model that predicts nest initiation in response to pond conditions adequately mimicked pintail behavior and did not require adjustment. Recruitment rate was most sensitive to variations in parameters that control nest success, seasonal duckling survival rate, and yearling and adult body weight. We simulated upland and wetland habitat conditions in central North Dakota and compared simulation results with observed data. Simulated numbers were not significantly different from observed numbers of successful nests during wet, average, and dry wetland conditions. The simulated effect of predator barrier fencing in a study area in central North Dakota increased recruitment rate by an average of 18.4%. This modeling synthesized existing knowledge on the breeding biology of the northern pintail, identified necessary research, and furnished a useful tool for the examination and comparison of various management options.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Carlson, John D., Jr., William R. Clark, and Erwin E. Klaas, 1993, A model of the productivity of the northern pintail Conservation of Greater Sage-Grouse on Public Lands in the Western U.S.: Implications of Recovery and Management Policies Biological Report, 7, U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. 20 pages.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/birds/npprod/index.htm
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19930101
Ending_Date: Unknown
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -104.43
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -96.18
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 49.38
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 45.56
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES > BIRDS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS > SURVIVAL RATES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > COMMUNITY DYNAMICS > SPECIES RECRUITMENT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > COMMUNITY DYNAMICS > PLANT SUCCESSION
Theme_Keyword: Breeding Ecology
Theme_Keyword: Population Modeling
Theme_Keyword: Productivity Model
Theme_Keyword: Recruitment
Theme_Keyword: Simulation
Theme_Keyword: Waterfowl Management
Theme_Keyword: Northern Pintail
Theme_Keyword: Anas Acuta
Theme_Keyword: BIOTA
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > CENTRAL NORTH DAKOTA
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
None
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: JOHN D. CARLSON
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: 1416 Ninth Street
Address: California Department of Fish and Game, Wildlife Management Division
City: Sacramento
State_or_Province: California
Postal_Code: 95814
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
We searched four computerized literature sources (Wildlife Review, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; BIOSIS Data Base; Reinecke and Delnicki [1992]; Julie Moore & Associates Wildlife Database), reviewed data bases on file at the Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, and identified unpublished sources of information on the northern pintail in discussions with waterfowl biologists. We used data from these sources to modify the model. We carefully reviewed other models of waterfowl populations and compared their general framework with the mallard model. The models of Walters et al. (1974), Johnson and Sargeant (1977), and Cowardin and Johnson (1979) are noteworthy earlier models that influenced the development of the mallard model. Frederick et al. (1987) simulated refuging populations of geese, including selection of feeding habitat, in some detail. Koford et al. (1992) recently included elements of the productivity model in the development of a stochastic model of the entire life cycle of midcontinent mallards. A series of habitat suitability models for northern pintails was developed by Suchy and Anderson (1987).
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: DOI/USGS/BRD/NPWRC > Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, Biological Resources Division, U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Department of the Interior
Contact_Person: NPWRC
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: 8711 37th Street
City: Jamestown
State_or_Province: North Dakota
Postal_Code: 58401
Resource_Description: NPWRC_northernpintail
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://mercury.ornl.gov/clearinghouse/send/xsltTex...
Access_Instructions:
Metadata in Biological Data Profile format.
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20050829
Metadata_Review_Date: 20121212
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: GCMD User Support Office
Contact_Organization: NASA Global Change Master Directory
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Not Available
City: Lanham
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20706
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: Not Available
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gcmduso@gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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