Polar Environmental Data Layers

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Raymond, B.
Publication_Date: 20120404
Title: Polar Environmental Data Layers
Edition:
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form:
Series_Information:
Series_Name: CAASM Metadata
Issue_Identification:
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place:
Publisher: Australian Antarctic Data Centre
Other_Citation_Details:
Online_Linkage: https://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/metadata_redirect.cfm?md=/AMD/AU/Polar_Environmental_Data
Description:
Abstract:
These layers are polar climatological and other summary environmental layers that may be useful for purposes such as general modelling, regionalisation, and exploratory analyses. All of the layers in this collection are provided on a consistent 0.1-degree grid, which covers -180 to 180E, 80S to 30S (Antarctic) and 45N to 90N (Arctic). As far as practicable, each layer is provided for both the Arctic and Antarctic regions. Where possible, these have been derived from the same source data; otherwise, source data have been chosen to be as compatible as possible between the two regions. Some layers are provided for only one of the two regions. Each data layer is provided in netCDF and ArcInfo ASCII grid format. A png preview map of each is also provided. Processing details for each layer: Bathymetry File: bathymetry Measured and estimated seafloor topography from satellite altimetry and ship depth soundings. Antarctic: Source data: Smith and Sandwell V13.1 (Sep 4, 2010) Processing steps: Depth data subsampled from original 1-minute resolution to 0.05-degree resolution and interpolated to 0.1-degree grid using bilinear interpolation. Reference: Smith, W. H. F., and D. T. Sandwell (1997) Global seafloor topography from satellite altimetry and ship depth soundings. Science 277:1957-1962. http://topex.ucsd.edu/WWW_html/mar_topo.html Arctic: Source data: ETOPO1 Processing steps: Depth data subsampled to 0.05-degree resolution and interpolated to 0.1-degree grid using bilinear interpolation on polar stereographic projection. Reference: Amante, C. and B. W. Eakins, ETOPO1 1 Arc-Minute Global Relief Model: Procedures, Data Sources and Analysis. NOAA Technical Memorandum NESDIS NGDC-24, 19 pp, March 2009. http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/mgg/global/global.html ---- Bathymetry slope File: bathymetry_slope Slope of sea floor, derived from Smith and Sandwell V13.1 and ETOPO1 bathymetry data (above). Processing steps: Slope calculated on 0.1-degree gridded depth data (above). Calculated using the equation given by Burrough, P. A. and McDonell, R.A. (1998) Principles of Geographical Information Systems (Oxford University Press, New York), p. 190 (see http://webhelp.esri.com/arcgisdesktop/9.2/index.cfm?TopicName=How%20Slope%20works) ---- CAISOM model-derived variables Variables derived from the CAISOM ocean model. This model has been developed by Ben Galton-Fenzi (AAD and ACE-CRC), and is based on the Regional Ocean Modelling System (ROMS). It has circum-Antarctic coverage out to 50S, with a spatial resolution of approximately 5km. The values here are averaged over 12 snapshots from the model, each separated by 2 months. These parameters should be treated as experimental. Reference: Galton-Fenzi BK, Hunter JR, Coleman R, Marsland SJ, Warner RC (2012) Modeling the basal melting and marine ice accretion of the Amery Ice Shelf. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 117, C09031. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2012jc008214 Floor current speed File: caisom_floor_current_speed Current speed near the sea floor. Floor temperature File: caisom_floor_temperature Potential temperature near the sea floor. Floor vertical velocity File: caisom_floor_vertical_velocity Vertical water velocity near the sea floor. Surface current speed File: caisom_surface_current_speed Near-surface current speed (at approximately 2.5m depth) ---- Chlorophyll summer File: chl_summer_climatology Source data: Near-surface chl-a summer climatology from MODIS Aqua Antarctic: Climatology spans the 2002/03 to 2009/10 austral summer seasons. Data interpolated from original 9km resolution to 0.1-degree grid using bilinear interpolation. Arctic: Climatology spans the 2002 to 2009 boreal summer seasons. Data interpolated from original 9km resolution to 0.1-degree grid using bilinear interpolation. Reference: Feldman GC, McClain CR (2010) Ocean Color Web, MODIS Aqua Reprocessing, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. Eds. Kuring, N., Bailey, S.W. http://oceancolor.gsfc.nasa.gov/ ---- Distance to Antarctica File: distance_antarctica Distance to nearest part of Antarctic continent (Antarctic only) Source data: A modified version of ESRI's world map shapefile Processing steps: Distances calculated in km using the Haversine formula on a spherical earth of radius 6378.137km. ---- Distance to nearest seabird breeding colony (Antarctic only) File: distance_colony Antarctic source data: Inventory of Antarctic seabird breeding sites, collated by Eric Woehler. http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/biodiversity/display_collection.cfm?collection_id=61. Processing steps: The closest distance of each grid point to the colonies was calculated in km using the Haversine formula on a spherical earth of radius 6378.137km. ---- Distance to maximum winter sea ice extent File: distance_max_ice_edge Source data: SMMR-SSM/I passive microwave estimates of daily sea ice concentration from the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC). Processing steps: Antarctic: Mean maximum winter sea ice extent was derived from daily estimates of sea ice concentration as described at http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/metadata_redirect.cfm?md=AMD/AU/sea_ice_extent_winter. The closest distance of each grid point to this extent line was calculated in km using the Haversine formula on a spherical earth of radius 6378.137km. Arctic: The median March winter sea ice extent was obtained from the NSIDC at http://nsidc.org/data/g02135.html. The closest distance of each grid point to this extent line was calculated in km using the Haversine formula on a spherical earth of radius 6378.137km. Reference: Cavalieri, D., C. Parkinson, P. Gloersen, and H. J. Zwally. 1996, updated 2008. Sea ice concentrations from Nimbus-7 SMMR and DMSP SSM/I passive microwave data. Boulder, Colorado USA: National Snow and Ice Data Center. Digital media. tp://nsidc.org/data/nsidc-0051.html ---- Distance to shelf break File: distance_shelf Distance to nearest area of sea floor of depth 500m or less. Derived from Smith and Sandwell V13.1 and ETOPO1 bathymetry data (above). Processing steps: Distances calculated in km using the Haversine formula on a spherical earth of radius 6378.137km. Points in less than 500m of water (i.e. over the shelf) were assigned negative distances. See also distance to upper slope ---- Distance to subantarctic islands (Antarctic only) File: distance_subantarctic_islands Distance to nearest land mass north of 65S (includes land masses of e.g. South America, Africa, Australia, and New Zealand). Processing steps: Distances calculated in km using the Haversine formula on a spherical earth of radius 6378.137km. ---- Distance to canyon File: distance_to_canyon Distance to the axis of the nearest canyon (Antarctic only) Source data: O'Brien and Post (2010) seafloor geomorphic feature dataset, expanded from O'Brien et al. (2009). Mapping based on GEBCO contours, ETOPO2, seismic lines. Processing steps: Distances to nearest canyon axis calculated in km using the Haversine formula on a spherical earth of radius 6378.137km. NOTE: source data extend only as far north as 45S. Do not rely on this layer near or north of 45S. Reference: O'Brien, P.E., Post, A.L., and Romeyn, R. (2009) Antarctic-wide geomorphology as an aid to habitat mapping and locating vulnerable marine ecosystems. CCAMLR VME Workshop 2009. Document WS-VME-09/10 ---- Distance to polynya File: distance_to_polynya Distance to the nearest polynya area (Antarctic only) Source data: AMSR-E satellite estimates of daily sea ice concentration at 6.25km resolution Processing steps: The seaice_gt_85 layer (see below) was used. Pixels which were (on average) covered by sea ice for less than 35% of the year were identified. The distance from each grid point on the 0.1-degree grid to the nearest such polynya pixel was calculated in km using the Haversine formula on a spherical earth of radius 6378.137km. (NB the threshold of 35% was chosen to give a good empirical match to the polynya locations identified by Arrigo and van Dijken (2003), although the results were not particularly sensitive to the choice of threshold. Reference: Arrigo KR, van Dijken GL (2003) Phytoplankton dynamics within 37 Antarctic coastal polynya systems. Journal of Geophysical Research, 108, 3271. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2002JC001739 ---- Distance to upper slope (Antarctic only) File: distance_upper_slope Distance to the "upper slope" geomorphic feature from the Geoscience Australia geomorphology data set. This is probably a better indication of the distance to the Antarctic continental shelf break than the "distance to shelf break" data (above). Source data: O'Brien and Post (2010) seafloor geomorphic feature dataset, expanded from O'Brien et al. (2009). Mapping based on GEBCO contours, ETOPO2, seismic lines. Processing steps: Distances calculated in km using the Haversine formula on a spherical earth of radius 6378.137km. Points inside of an "upper slope" polygon were assigned negative distances. Reference: O'Brien, P.E., Post, A.L., and Romeyn, R. (2009) Antarctic-wide geomorphology as an aid to habitat mapping and locating vulnerable marine ecosystems. CCAMLR VME Workshop 2009. Document WS-VME-09/10 ---- Fast ice File: fast_ice The average proportion of the year for which landfast sea ice is present in a location Source data: 20-day composite records of East Antarctic landfast sea-ice, derived from MODIS imagery (Fraser at al. 2012) Processing steps: The average proportion of the year for which each pixel was covered by landfast sea ice was calculated as an average across 2001--2008. Data were regridded to the 0.1-degree grid using bilinear interpolation. Distance to fast ice File: distance_to_fast_ice Distance to the nearest location where fast ice is typically present. Source data: 20-day composite records of East Antarctic landfast sea ice, derived from MODIS imagery (Fraser at al. 2012) Processing steps: Pixels in the landfast sea ice data that were associated with fast ice presence for more than half of the year (on average) were identified. The distance from each pixel in the 0.1-degree grid to the nearest of these fast ice pixels was calculated in km using the Haversine formula on a spherical earth of radius 6378.137km. Reference: Fraser AD, Massom RA, Michael KJ, Galton-Fenzi BK and Lieser JL (2012) East Antarctic landfast sea ice distribution and variability, 2000-08. Journal of Climate 25:1137-1156. See also: http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/metadata_redirect.cfm?md=AMD/AU/modis_20day_fast_ice ---- Seafloor temperature File: floor_temperature Source data: Original data derived from World Ocean Atlas 2005 data and provided on a 1-degree grid. Processing steps: Isolated missing pixels (i.e. single pixels of missing data with no surrounding missing pixels) were filled using bilinear interpolation. Data provided in two versions: one regridded from 1-degree grid using nearest neighbour interpolation (floor_temperature) and the other using bilinear interpolation (floor_temperature_interpolated). Reference: Clarke, A. et al. (2009) Spatial variation in seabed temperatures in the Southern Ocean: Implications for benthic ecology and biogeography. Journal of Geophysical Research 114:G03003. doi:10.1029/2008JG000886 ---- Geomorphology File: geomorphology Geomorphic feature classification Source data: O'Brien and Post (2010) seafloor geomorphic feature dataset, expanded from O'Brien et al. (2009). Mapping based on GEBCO contours, ETOPO2, seismic lines. Reference: O'Brien, P.E., Post, A.L., and Romeyn, R. (2009) Antarctic-wide geomorphology as an aid to habitat mapping and locating vulnerable marine ecosystems. CCAMLR VME Workshop 2009. Document WS-VME-09/10 Geomorphic feature class names and their corresponding values in the gridded files: 1: Abyssal_Plain 2: Bank_Wave_Affected 3: Coastal_Terrane 4: Contourite_Feature 5: Cross_Shelf_Valley 6: Fracture_Zone 7: Iceshelf_Cavity 8: Island_Arc 9: Island_Coastal_Terrane 10: Lower_Slope 11: Margin_Ridges 12: Marginal_Plateau 13: Mid_Ocean_Ridge_Valley 14: Plateau 15: Plateau_Slope 16: Ridge 17: Rough_Seafloor 18: Seamount 19: Seamount_Ridges 20: Shelf_Bank 21: Shelf_Deep 22: Structural_Slope 23: Trench 24: Trough 25: Trough_Mouth_Fan 26: Upper_Slope 27: Volcano ---- Light budget File: light_budget Annual light budget (cumulative solar radiation) reaching the water surface. Processing steps: As per Clark et al. (in press). Daily incident solar radiation was modelled assuming a cloud-free sky (Suri and Hofierka 2004). Sea ice data (AMSR-E sea ice concentration) were used as a mask: if sea ice was present on a given day then the solar radiation reaching the ocean surface was assumed to be zero. The annual light budget for a given pixel was therefore calculated as the sum of daily solar radiation values on all days when sea ice was not present. The values here are the mean annual light budget over the 2002/03 to 2010/11 austral summer seasons (1-Jul to 30-Jun). Calculations were made on the AMSR-E 6.25km polar stereographic grid, and then interpolated to the 0.1-degree rectangular grid using triangle-based linear interpolation. References: Clark GF, Stark JS, Johnston EL, Runcie JW, Goldsworthy PM, Raymond B, Riddle MJ (in press) Light-driven tipping points in polar ecosystems. Global Change Biology. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/gcb.12337 Suri M, J Hofierka (2004) A new GIS-based solar radiation model and its application to photovoltaic assessments. Transactions in GIS, 8, 175-190 ---- Mixed layer depth File: mixed_layer_depth_summer_climatology and mixed_layer_depth_summer_climatology_interpolated Summer mixed layer depth climatology from ARGOS data Processing steps: Data provided in two versions: one regridded from 2-degree grid using nearest neighbour interpolation (mixed_layer_depth_summer_climatology) and the other using bilinear interpolation (mixed_layer_depth_summer_climatology_interpolated). Reference: de Boyer Montegut, C., G. Madec, A. S. Fischer, A. Lazar, and D. Iudicone (2004), Mixed layer depth over the global ocean: an examination of profile data and a profile-based climatology, J. Geophys. Res., 109, C12003, doi:10.1029/2004JC002378. http://www.lodyc.jussieu.fr/~cdblod/mld.html ---- Sea ice cover File: seaice_gt85 Proportion of time the ocean is covered by sea ice of concentration 85% or higher. Source data: AMSR-E satellite estimates of daily sea ice concentration at 6.25km resolution Processing steps: Concentration data from 1-Jan-2003 to 31-Dec-2010 used. The fraction of time each pixel was covered by sea ice of at least 85% concentration was calculated for each pixel in the original (polar stereographic) grid. Data then regridded to 0.1-degree grid using triangle-based linear interpolation. Reference: Spreen, G., L. Kaleschke, and G. Heygster (2008), Sea ice remote sensing using AMSR-E 89 GHz channels, J. Geophys. Res., doi:10.1029/2005JC003384 http://www.ifm.zmaw.de/en/research/remote-sensing-assimilation/sea-ice/amsr-e-sea-ice-concentration/ ---- Sea ice summer variability File: seaice_summer_variability Variability of sea ice cover during summer months Source data: AMSR-E satellite estimates of daily sea ice concentration at 6.25km resolution Processing steps: Daily estimates of sea ice concentration across December, January, and February of a given austral summer season were collated. For each pixel, the standard deviation of these values was calculated. The values given here are averaged over the 2002/03 to 2009/10 austral summer seasons. Reference: Spreen, G., L. Kaleschke, and G. Heygster (2008), Sea ice remote sensing using AMSR-E 89 GHz channels, J. Geophys. Res., doi:10.1029/2005JC003384 http://www.ifm.zmaw.de/en/research/remote-sensing-assimilation/sea-ice/amsr-e-sea-ice-concentration/ ---- Sea surface height variables NOTE: The sea surface height-related data are derivative works of level-4 gridded altimetry data (data courtesy of Ssalto/Duacs, Aviso, and CNES; http://www.aviso.oceanobs.com/duacs/). These derivative works are available for scientific purposes ONLY. Sea surface height File: ssh Source data: CNES-CLS09 Mean Dynamic Topography v1.1 (Rio et al., 2009) Processing steps: Regridded to 0.1-degree grid using bilinear interpolation. SSH spatial gradient File: ssh_spatial_gradient The spatial gradient (in mm/km) of the mean dynamic topography. Source data: CNES-CLS09 Mean Dynamic Topography v1.1 (Rio et al., 2009) Processing steps: Gradient calculated on the native 0.25-degree grid and interpolated to 0.1-degree grid using bilinear interpolation. SSH variability File: ssha_variability The variability of sea surface height over time Source data: SSHA data from http://www.aviso.oceanobs.com/en/data/products/sea-surface-height-products/global/index.html Processing steps: Weekly SSHA data covering the period 14-Oct-1992 to 14-Oct-2007 were used. For each pixel in the native 1/3-degree Mercator grid, the standard deviation of SSHA values over that period was calculated. Data were then interpolated to 0.1-degree grid using bilinear interpolation. Reference: Rio, M-H, P. Schaeffer, G. Moreaux, J-M Lemoine, E. Bronner (2009) : A new Mean Dynamic Topography computed over the global ocean from GRACE data, altimetry and in-situ measurements . Poster communication at OceanObs09 symposium, 21-25 September 2009, Venice ---- SST summer File: sst_summer_climatology Source data: Sea surface temperature summer climatology from MODIS Aqua. Antarctic: Climatology spans the 2002/03 to 2009/10 austral summer seasons. Data interpolated from original 9km resolution to 0.1-degree grid using bilinear interpolation. Arctic: Climatology spans the 2002 to 2009 boreal summer seasons. Data interpolated from original 9km resolution to 0.1-degree grid using bilinear interpolation on polar stereographic grid. Reference: Feldman GC, McClain CR (2010) Ocean Color Web, MODIS Aqua Reprocessing, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. Eds. Kuring, N., Bailey, S.W. http://oceancolor.gsfc.nasa.gov/ ---- SST spatial gradient File: sst_spatial_gradient Source data: Sea surface temperature summer climatology from MODIS Aqua. Antarctic: Climatology spans the 2002/03 to 2009/10 austral summer seasons. Spatial gradient of the SST (degrees C per km) calculated on the original 9km resolution data, following the equation given in http://webhelp.esri.com/arcgisdesktop/9.2/index.cfm?TopicName=How%20Slope%20works. Gradient values were then interpolated from original 9km resolution to 0.1-degree grid using bilinear interpolation. Reference: Feldman GC, McClain CR (2010) Ocean Color Web, MODIS Aqua Reprocessing, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. Eds. Kuring, N., Bailey, S.W. http://oceancolor.gsfc.nasa.gov/ ---- Surface wind File: surface_wind_annual Source data: Average 10m wind (2000-2010) from Monthly NCEP/DOE Reanalysis 2 Processing steps: Monthly mean 10m wind speed (from u- and v-wind components) from Jan-2000 to Dec-2010 was averaged. Data interpolated from original 2.5-degree grid to 0.1-degree grid using bilinear interpolation. Reference: http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/data/gridded/data.ncep.reanalysis2.html ---- Salinity 0m winter File: salinity_0_winter_climatology and salinity_0_interpolated_winter_climatology Salinity winter climatology at 0m depth. Source data: World Ocean Atlas 2009 (National Oceanographic Data Center, Silver Springs, MD, U.S.A.) http://www.nodc.noaa.gov/OC5/WOA09/pr_woa09.html Processing steps: Data regridded to 0.1-degree grid using nearest-neighbour interpolation (salinity_0_winter_climatology) and bilinear interpolation (salinity_0_interpolated_winter_climatology). Reference: Antonov, J. I., D. Seidov, T. P. Boyer, R. A. Locarnini, A. V. Mishonov, and H. E. Garcia, 2010. World Ocean Atlas 2009, Volume 2: Salinity. S. Levitus, Ed. NOAA Atlas NESDIS 69, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 184 pp. ---- Salinity 0m summer See above (WOA) ---- Salinity 50m winter See above (WOA) ---- Salinity 50m summer See above (WOA) ---- Salinity 200m winter See above (WOA) ---- Salinity 200m summer See above (WOA) ---- Salinity 500m winter See above (WOA) ---- Salinity 500m summer See above (WOA) ---- NOX and Silicate 0m winter See above (WOA) File: nox_0_winter_climatology, nox_0_interpolated_winter_climatology; and si_0_winter_climatology, si_0_interpolated_winter_climatology Reference: Garcia, H. E., R. A. Locarnini, T. P. Boyer, and J. I. Antonov, 2010. World Ocean Atlas 2009, Volume 4: Nutrients (phosphate, nitrate, silicate). S. Levitus, Ed. NOAA Atlas NESDIS 71, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 398 pp. ---- NOX and Silicate 0m summer See above (WOA) ---- NOX and Silicate 50m summer See above (WOA) ---- NOX and Silicate 50m winter See above (WOA) ---- NOX and Silicate 200m summer See above (WOA) ---- NOX and Silicate 200m winter See above (WOA) ---- Oxygen 0m winter See above (WOA) File: oxygen_0_winter_climatology and oxygen_0_interpolated_winter_climatology Reference: Garcia, H. E., R. A. Locarnini, T. P. Boyer, and J. I. Antonov, 2010. World Ocean Atlas 2009, Volume 3: Dissolved Oxygen, Apparent Oxygen Utilization, and Oxygen Saturation. S. Levitus, Ed. NOAA Atlas NESDIS 70, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 344 pp. ---- Oxygen 0m summer See above (WOA) ---- Oxygen 50m winter See above (WOA) ---- Oxygen 50m summer See above (WOA) ---- Oxygen 200m winter See above (WOA) ---- Oxygen 200m summer See above (WOA) ---- Temperature 0m winter See above (WOA) File: t_0_winter_climatology and t_0_interpolated_winter_climatology Reference: Locarnini, R. A., A. V. Mishonov, J. I. Antonov, T. P. Boyer, and H. E. Garcia, 2010. World Ocean Atlas 2009, Volume 1: Temperature. S. Levitus, Ed. NOAA Atlas NESDIS 68, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 184 pp. ---- Temperature 0m summer See above (WOA) ---- Temperature 50m winter See above (WOA) ---- Temperature 50m summer See above (WOA) ---- Temperature 200m winter See above (WOA) ---- Temperature 200m summer See above (WOA) ---- Temperature 500m summer See above (WOA) ---- Temperature 500m winter See above (WOA) ---- Vertical velocity File: vertical_velocity_250 and vertical_velocity_500 Upward sea water velocity at 250m and 500m depth (Antarctic only) Source data: CSIRO Mk3.5d climate model Processing steps: Mean values calculated from the 20C3M model run 1, averaged over 1980--2000. Values then interpolated from original grid (approximate resolution 0.9 degrees latitude by 1.9 degrees longitude) to 0.1-degree grid using bilinear interpolation. Reference: Gordon et al. (2010) The CSIRO Mk3.5 Climate Model. CAWCR Technical Report 21. http://www.cawcr.gov.au/publications/technicalreports/CTR_021.pdf
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
Not Available
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19800101
Ending_Date: 20101231
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -180.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 180.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 90.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -90.0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > BENTHIC HABITAT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > MARINE HABITAT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > PELAGIC HABITAT
Theme_Keyword: CAML > CENSUS OF ANTARCTIC MARINE LIFE
Theme_Keyword: IPY > INTERNATIONAL POLAR YEAR
Theme_Keyword: EBA > EVOLUTION AND BIODIVERSITY IN THE ANTARCTIC
Theme_Keyword: COML > CENSUS OF MARINE LIFE
Theme_Keyword: Climatological
Theme_Keyword: Bathymetry
Theme_Keyword: Chlorophyll
Theme_Keyword: Distance
Theme_Keyword: Mixed Layer
Theme_Keyword: Oxygen
Theme_Keyword: Salinity
Theme_Keyword: Sea Ice
Theme_Keyword: Temperature
Theme_Keyword: Winds
Theme_Keyword: BIOTA
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: ENVIRONMENT
Theme_Keyword: GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
Theme_Keyword: OCEANS
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > ARCTIC
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > ARCTIC OCEAN
Access_Constraints: Stored at the AADC and at the ANTABIF as data files and associated pictures. Available through the WWW at the URLs provided.
Use_Constraints:
This data set conforms to the PICCCBY Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). Please follow instructions listed in the citation reference provided at http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/citation.cfm?entry_id=Polar_Environmental_Data when using these data. If space permits, and particularly if you have used data from a small number of individual sources, please cite the original data sources (references given below) and additionally acknowledge this database.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: BEN RAYMOND
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Australian Antarctic Division
Address: 203 Channel Highway
City: Kingston
State_or_Province: Tasmania
Postal_Code: 7050
Country: Australia
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +61 3 6232 3336
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +61 3 6283 2336
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ben.raymond@aad.gov.au
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Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: ICSU/SCAR/SCAR-MARBIN/ANTABIF > Antarctic Biodiversity Information Facility, Marine Biodiversity Information Network, Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, International Council for Science
Contact_Person: BRUNO DANIS
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences
Address: 29 Rue Vautier
City: Brussels
Postal_Code: 1000
Country: BELGIUM
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +32(0)2 6274139
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +32(0)2 6274277
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: bruno.danis@scarmarbin.be
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: AU/AADC > Australian Antarctic Data Centre, Australia
Contact_Person: DATA OFFICER AADC
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Australian Antarctic Division
Address: 203 Channel Highway
City: Kingston
State_or_Province: Tasmania
Postal_Code: 7050
Country: Australia
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +61 3 6232 3244
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +61 3 6232 3351
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: metadata@aad.gov.au
Resource_Description: Polar_Environmental_Data
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.biodiversity.aq/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
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Network_Resource_Name:
http://data.aad.gov.au
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
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Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://share.biodiversity.aq/GIS/
Access_Instructions:
Access to the raw data through the ANTABIF shared webspace
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Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://webdav.data.aad.gov.au/data/environmental/d...
Access_Instructions:
Access data through the AADC
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/citation.cfm?...
Access_Instructions:
Citation reference for this metadata record and dataset
Fees: Free
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20120404
Metadata_Review_Date: 20140911
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: BEN RAYMOND
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: FALK HUETTMANN
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Australian Antarctic Division
Address: 203 Channel Highway
City: Kingston
State_or_Province: Tasmania
Postal_Code: 7050
Country: Australia
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: 419 Irving I, PO Box 757000
City: Fairbanks
State_or_Province: AK
Postal_Code: 99775-7000
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +61 3 6232 3336
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +01-907-4747882
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +61 3 6283 2336
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +01-907 4746967
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ben.raymond@aad.gov.au
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: fhuettmann@alaska.edu
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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