Birds Oiled at Sea

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Birds Oiled at Sea
Description:
Abstract:
Oil released at sea, whether from chronic operational discharges or accidental spills, can directly kill any seabird that it touches on the sea surface. This oiling causes severe distress for individual birds and can have significant impacts at the population level. Marine oil pollution from chronic operational discharges is both illegal and preventable. The costs of taking appropriate action to prevent such discharges make it important to quantify, to the degree possible, the severe ecological consequences of continuing to release oil into the sea. Atlantic Canada is an important crossroads for seabirds, where productive marine waters support the tens of millions of birds. Huge numbers of birds from Newfoundland breeding colonies overlap with millions of seasonal visitors - wintering birds from colonies in Arctic Canada and Europe and from the south Atlantic. The same waters serve as commercial fishing grounds and major shipping lanes linking Europe and North America. For the waters off southeastern Newfoundland, the many variables that must be considered to complete these complicated calculations have been assembled for the species most commonly found oiled - the Thick-billed Murre, or turr. This species breeds in colonies in the eastern Canadian Arctic and western Greenland, and is one of the most numerous wintering seabirds in waters off Newfoundland and northern Nova Scotia. It is regionally important as the most common species taken in the Newfound-land turr hunt. Waterbody or Watershed Names: Atlantic Ocean, Canada Assessing the numbers of seabirds killed by oil at sea. Only a small proportion of birds killed by oil are actually found on shore, because many never reach land, instead being carried offshore or sinking. Others may reach the shore but are never found, instead becoming buried in the beach, decomposing or being carried off by scavengers. Estimates of the actual number of birds dying at sea are derived using an approach that sequentially builds in the following information: -the number of oiled birds found washed ashore on beaches, -the length of time that carcasses of oiled birds remain on a beach, -the length of time that an oiled bird carcass floats at sea before sinking, -the proportion of those birds that die at sea which drift towards shore, and -the size of the ocean area being considered, where ship-source oil pollution and seabirds overlap, resulting in the risk of oiling to seabirds. Additional Information OR Comments: Videos and fact sheets are available.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
Not Available
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19970101
Ending_Date: Unknown
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -142.91
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -51.152
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 70.67
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 42.94
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES > BIRDS
Theme_Keyword: GOMMP > GULF OF MAINE MONITORING PROGRAMS
Theme_Keyword: Atlantic Seabirds
Theme_Keyword: Thick-billed Murre, Or Turr
Theme_Keyword: BIOTA
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > ARCTIC OCEAN
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > GULF OF MAINE
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: CA/EC/CWS/ATL > Atlantic Region, Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada
Contact_Person: NEIL BURGESS
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: 17 Waterfowl Lane
City: Sackville
State_or_Province: NB
Postal_Code: A1N 4T3
Country: Canada
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (709) 772-4143
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: neil.burgess@ec.gc.ca
Resource_Description: gomc_327
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.ns.ec.gc.ca/wildlife/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.atl.ec.gc.ca/boas/
Access_Instructions:
Additional information about this monitoring program and data are available from this web site.
Fees: No
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20060825
Metadata_Review_Date: 20090115
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: NEIL BURGESS
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: 17 Waterfowl Lane
City: Sackville
State_or_Province: NB
Postal_Code: A1N 4T3
Country: Canada
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (709) 772-4143
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: neil.burgess@ec.gc.ca
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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