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National Status and Trends Program; Benthic Surveillance Project

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: National Status and Trends Program; Benthic Surveillance Project
Description:
Abstract:
Surficial (uppermost 1-3 cm.) sediments and bottom-dwelling fish are well- documented indicators of marine pollution conditions. The Benthic Surveillance Project monitors contaminant levels in surficial sediments, selected bottomfish, and fish stomach contents in nearshore waters of the United States. Biological indicators of chemical contaminant exposure also are monitored at Benthic Surveillance sites. The measurement of contaminant concentrations in marine organisms, such as fish and their food prey, bridges the gap between which chemicals are associated with sediment particulates, and which ones are taken up and potentially bioaccumulated by marine species. Because of their mobility, bottomfish generally reflect environmental conditions over a wider geographical area than do sediments or sedentary organisms. Surficial sediments and tissue samples of approximately 15 species of fish are analyzed for over 70 chemical pollutants identified by the NS&T Program. Chemical analyses are performed on stomach contents, liver and bile tissue matrices. The frequency of external disease conditions (such as external tumors and fin rot) and internal lesions (such as liver and kidney tumors) in bottomfish also is recorded at each site. DNA adducts, bile metabolites, and mixed function oxidase enzyme levels are measured in fish at selected sites. The length, age, gender, and stomach contents are recorded for each fish sample. Multiple fish species are sampled to accommodate the Project's national scope; the species selected at a site depends on availability. Primary species include winter flounder (Pseudopleuronectes americanus) in the Northeast, white perch (Morone americana) in the mid-Atlantic, Atlantic croaker (Micropogonias undulatus) in the Southeast and Gulf of Mexico, white croaker (Genyonemus lineatus) in the Southwest, English sole (Parophrys vetulus) in the Northwest, and flathead sole (Hippoglossoides elassodon) in Alaska. Samples are collected from nearshore waters of the East, Gulf and West coasts of the United States, as well as Alaska. Sampling is conducted at more than 80 sites, however, fewer sites (about 50) were monitored when the Project was initiated in 1984. Fish are collected in bottom trawl nets in waters ranging from 1 to 70 meters in depth. Sediment samples are skimmed from the top three centimeters of the bottom surface. Sediment sampling stations generally are located within 500 meters of the site center and are positioned near the trawl sampling track(s). The geographic coordinates (longitude and latitude to tenths of a minute) are recorded along with the water depth at each sediment collection station. For fish sample collections, the starting position and either the ending position, or the compass heading, speed and duration of the trawl for each trawl is recorded. Sediment collection stations and trawl transects are plotted on National Ocean Service charts. Samples are collected and analyzed for contaminants by scientists from the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS). Samples from the Northeast and West Coasts are analyzed by the NMFS Environmental Conservation Division, Northwest Fisheries Center at Seattle, WA. The NMFS Beaufort Laboratory, Southeast Fisheries Center at Beaufort, NC, monitors Southeast coastal waters through the Gulf of Mexico to the Mexican border. Both laboratories participate in the NS&T Quality Assurance Project to ensure intercomparison of the data. Other projects associated with NS&T are Mussel Watch (monitoring of a suite of contaminants in mussels and oysters), Bioeffects Surveys and Research (intensive assessments in regions where NS&T monitoring indicates moderate-to-high levels of contamination), Historical Assessments (comparisons with pertinent historical data), and Coastal Contamination Assessments (analyses used by policy makers and resource managers to evaluate toxic contaminant conditions in their area). The Quality Assurance and Specimen Banking Projects are discussed in the description of data quality, in the attributes section; you are now reading the brief description section. NS&T raw data is available from the NS&T home page: http://NSandT.noaa.gov
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Long, E.R., and L.G. Morgan. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS/OMA 52, 'The Potential for Biological Effects of Sediment-sorbed Contaminants Tested in the National Status and Trends Program.' 1990.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS/OMA 59, National Status and Trends Program for Marine Environmental Quality. Progress Report. 'Second Summary of Data on Chemical Contaminants in Sediments from the National Status and Trends Program.' April, 1991.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Varnansi,U., S-L. Chan, B.B.McClain, J.T. Landahl, M.H. Schlewe, R.C. Clark, D.W. Brown, M.S. Myers, M.M. Krahn, W.D. Gronlund, and W.D.MacLeod Jr., NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS/NWC 170, 'National Benthic Surveillance Project: Pacific Coast: Part II, Technical Presentation of the results for Cycles I to III (1984-86).' 1989.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19840101
Ending_Date: 19931231
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -175.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -67.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 71.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 18.0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS > CONTAMINANT LEVELS/SPILLS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > MARINE SEDIMENTS > SEDIMENT COMPOSITION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > WATER QUALITY > OCEAN CONTAMINANTS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOSYSTEMS > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > BENTHIC HABITAT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOSYSTEMS > MARINE HABITAT
Theme_Keyword: NS&T > NATIONAL STATUS AND TRENDS PROGRAM
Theme_Keyword: Nccos/ccma_ns&t_bsp
Theme_Keyword: Conservation
Theme_Keyword: BIOTA
Theme_Keyword: ENVIRONMENT
Theme_Keyword: GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
Theme_Keyword: INLAND WATERS
Theme_Keyword: OCEANS
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > GULF OF MEXICO
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > UNITED STATES COAST
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > ALASKA > ALASKA
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: WARREN EDWARD JOHNSON
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: 1305 East West Highway
City: Silver Spring
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20910
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 301-713-3028 x 149
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ed.johnson@noaa.gov
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: DOC/NOAA/NOS/NCCOS/CCMA > Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment, National Ocean Service, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Contact_Person: ANDREW ROBERTSON
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science
Address: Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment
Address: NOAA/National Ocean Survey
Address: 1305 East-West Highway, SSMC4
City: Silver Spring
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20910-3281
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (301) 713-3032
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: andrew.robertson@noaa.gov
Resource_Description: ORCA_CMBAD_NS_T_BSP
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://ccma.nos.noaa.gov/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://NSandT.noaa.gov
Access_Instructions:
Access to benthic surveillance data
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date:
Metadata_Review_Date: 20160127
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: GCMD User Support Office
Contact_Organization: NASA Global Change Master Directory
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Not Available
City: Lanham
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20706
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: Not Available
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gcmduso@gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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