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Biochemical and biological activity of soils from a penguin colony at Cape Bird and soil description, classification and measurements of water content, soil temperature and depth to frozen ground

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Biochemical and biological activity of soils from a penguin colony at Cape Bird and soil description, classification and measurements of water content, soil temperature and depth to frozen ground
Description:
Abstract:
The biochemical and biological activity of the soils of the Adelie penguin colonies at Cape Bird was studied over two seasons. Biochemical markers of decomposition of penguin guano were studied by in situ incubation studies and analysis of samples in the laboratory. Five sites with guano of different ages were selected for this study including a) a presently occupied penguin colony, b) a recently abandoned penguin colony, c) re-deposited guano in a low swale between colonies, d) a long abandoned colony and e) a never colonised area. Samples of surface guano from sites a-d and the 2-8 cm soil horizon from site e were incubated for 10-12 days buried at the sites to test a range of parameters of decomposition and biological activity including the enzymes urease, phosphatase and protease, respiratory activity and evolution of ammonia. In addition to the samples buried in the field, a similar set of respiration samples were incubated in the Cape Bird Hut giving an estimated mean incubation temperature of 10C as opposed to the estimated 4C in the field. Eleven guano and soil samples were sealed in plastic bags and returned to New Zealand for biochemical, biological and chemical analysis. These samples were tested specifically for enzymology (five enzymes assayed = urease, phophatase, protease, dehydrogenase and sulphatase), respiration, bacterial numbers and chemistry. Each soil types was characterised and described and the water content, soil temperature and the depth to frozen ground was measured. In the second field season of this study, the range of sites and samples was extended using improved techniques and more controlled incubation conditions.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Heine, J.C. Speir, T.W. 1989 Ornithogenic soils of the Cape Bird Adélie penguin rookeries, Antarctica. Polar biology 10: 89-99
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Speir, T.W. Cowling, J.C. 1984 Ornithogenic soils of the Cape Bird Adélie penguin rookeries, Antarctica. 1. Chemical properties. Polar biology 2(4): 199-205
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Speir, T.W. Ross, D.J. 1984 Ornithogenic soils of the Cape Bird Adélie penguin rookeries, Antarctica. 2. Ammonia evolution and enzyme activities. Polar biology 2(4): 207-212
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Ramsay, A.J. 1983 Bacterial biomass in ornithogenic soils of Antarctica. Polar Biology 1: 221-225
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Ramsay, A.J., Stannard, R.E. 1986 Number and viability of bacteria in ornithogenic soils of Antarctica. Polar Biology 5: 195-198.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19811223
Ending_Date: 19820120
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19831212
Ending_Date: 19840114
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 166.6833
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 166.6833
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.1667
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.1667
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD INSTRUMENT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > ORGANIC MATTER
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > PERMAFROST
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > SOIL CLASSIFICATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > SOIL HORIZONS/PROFILE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > SOIL MOISTURE/WATER CONTENT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > SOIL PRODUCTIVITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > SOIL RESPIRATION
Theme_Keyword: LABORATORY
Theme_Keyword: FIELD INVESTIGATION
Theme_Keyword: INCUBATOR
Theme_Keyword: Hand Samples
Theme_Keyword: BIOTA
Theme_Keyword: GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > CAPE BIRD
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: TOM SPEIRS
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: J C HEINE
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: ESR Limited
Address: PO BOX 50348
City: Porirua
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 4 914 0700
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 4 914 0770
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: tom.speir@esr.cri.nz
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
The soil samples were disposed of at the time of the demise of DSIR Land Resources, formerly Soil Bureau. Some data has been presented in the science and logistics reports submitted to Antarctica New Zealand still held there. The original notebooks from the work on the 1981/82 season are held Dr Tom Speir at ESR Ltd. The field notebooks of JC Heine may still be held by her. Dr Tom Speir's notebooks from the 1983/84 season were passed on to Dr Laurie Greenfield of the University of Canterbury and it is unknown if he still retains these. With the dramatic change in the science management and funding systems in New Zealand at the time this study was conducted, the research of the 1983/84 season was never written up. Some of the notebooks are now lost.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NZ/NZAI/ANZ > Antarctica New Zealand, New Zealand Antarctic Institute, New Zealand
Contact_Person: SHULAMIT GORDON
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.gordon@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Resource_Description: K024_1981_1984_NZ_1
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.antarcticanz.govt.nz/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20090619
Metadata_Review_Date: 20090619
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: CEISHA POIROT
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: SHULAMIT GORDON
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: c.poirot@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.gordon@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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