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Mutation and extinction rates in Adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) populations from fossil bones and blood samples collected from several sites in the Ross Sea Region

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Mutation and extinction rates in Adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) populations from fossil bones and blood samples collected from several sites in the Ross Sea Region
Description:
Abstract:
Recent studies on the evolution of mitochondrial DNA in Adelie penguins has found high rates of mutation sparking a major controversy and raising the question of whether evolutionary rates are high because of high mutation rates or because of a low rate of haplotype extinction. As a result, this study aimed to measure the rate of mutation using DNA collected from known pedigrees and comparing it with the rate of evolution previously determined using DNA collected from ancient bones serially preserved through time. Mutation rates were determined between mitochondrial haplotypes. A series of abandoned Adelie penguin rookeries at Cape Adare was excavated and more than 1000 bones, likely to be the oldest collected in the Ross Sea, were collected. In addition, a separate party worked at sites in Terra Nova Bay including Inexpressible Island, Cape Reynolds, Coulman Island, Cape Adare, Duke of York Island, Edisto Glacier and Crater Cirque where a mixture of blood (Inexpressible Island and Coulman Island) and subfossil bones (all other sites) were collected for this study. Two methods of analysis, MCMC and a least squares regression analysis was used to estimate the rate of evolution in fossil bones, independent of tree topology (where mutation rates are calculated in a different manner). According to the neutral theory, the high rate of evolution of the control region in Adelie penguins is likely to be a consequence of a high mutation rate. Therefore, the rate of mutation for the gene sequence Hypervariable Region I (HVRI) was directly measured using >2,500 Adelie penguin families. Blood samples were collected from adults nesting penguins and their chicks at sites in Terra Nova Bay and Cape Bird.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Lambert, D., Millar, C., Swaminathan, S. And Baroni, C. 2010. Evolution on a frozen continent. American Scientist 98: 386-393. Lambert, D.M. Ritchie, P.A. Millar, C.D. Holland, B. Drummond, A.J. Baroni, C. Rates of evolution in ancient DNA from Adélie penguins. Science 295(March): 2270-2273, 2002. Ritchie, P.A. Millar, C.D. Gibb, G.C. Baroni, C. Lambert, D.M. Ancient DNA enables timing of the Pleistocene origin and Holocene expansion of two Adelie penguin lineages in Antarctica. Molecular biology and evolution 21(2): 240-248, 2004. Roeder, A.D. Marshall, R.K. Mitchelson, A.J. Visagathilagar, T. Ritchie, P.A. Love, D.R. Pakai, T.J. McPartlan, H.C. Murray, N.D. Robinson, N.A. et al. Gene flow on the ice: genetic differentiation among Adélie penguin colonies around Antarctica. Molecular ecology 10: 1645-1656, 2001. Roeder, A. Ritchie, P.A. Lambert, D.M. New DNA markers for penguins. Conservation genetics 3(3): 341-344, 2002. Millar, C.D., Dodd, A., Anderson, J., Gibb, G.C., Ritchie, P.A., Baroni, C., Woodhams, M.D., Hendy, M.D. and Lambert, D.M. 2008. Mutation and evolutionary rates in Adélie penguins from the Antarctic. PLoS Genetics: in press. Millar, C.D., Huynen, L., Subramanian, S., and Lambert, D.M. 2008. The ‘new frontier’ of ancient genomics. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 23(7): 386-393.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20011103
Ending_Date: 20020107
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20021204
Ending_Date: 20030106
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20031217
Ending_Date: 20040107
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20041216
Ending_Date: 20050111
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 165.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 170.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -78.0
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 163.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 165.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -74.5
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -75.0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > ANIMAL SCIENCE > ANIMAL BREEDING AND GENETICS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES > BIRDS > PENGUINS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS > MUTATION RATES
Theme_Keyword: FIELD INVESTIGATION
Theme_Keyword: Field Sampling
Theme_Keyword: BIOTA
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > CAPE BIRD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > CAPE ADARE
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > TERRA NOVA BAY
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > CRATER CIRQUE
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > INEXPRESSIBLE ISLAND
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > COULMAN ISLAND
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > EDISTO GLACIER
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > CAPE REYNOLDS
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > DUKE OF YORK ISLANDS
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: DAVID LAMBERT
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Griffith School of Environment
Address: Griffith School of Biomolecular and Physical Science
Address: Griffith University
Address: 170 Kessels Road
City: Nathan
State_or_Province: Queensland
Postal_Code: 4111
Country: Australia
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +61 7 373 55298
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +61 7 373 57459
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: d.lambert@griffith.edu.at
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
All data is held by the investigator. Please contact him for more information.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NZ/NZAI/ANZ > Antarctica New Zealand, New Zealand Antarctic Institute, New Zealand
Contact_Person: SHULAMIT GORDON
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.gordon@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Resource_Description: K030_2001_2005_NZ_1
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.antarcticanz.govt.nz/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20081006
Metadata_Review_Date: 20101208
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: CEISHA POIROT
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: SHULAMIT GORDON
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: c.poirot@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.gordon@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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