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The geothermal and volcanic activity of Mt Melbourne and Mt Erebus

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: The geothermal and volcanic activity of Mt Melbourne and Mt Erebus
Description:
Abstract:
The geology and the geothermal and volcanic activity of Mt Melbourne and Mt Erebus was investigated by surveying the summit craters of each volcano. At Mt Melbourne, the thermal activity was investigated at the crater summit including heated ground and ice pinnacles or towers. Two main areas of warm ground exist on the edge of the caldera and a third area lower on the north western slope. Moss growing in the heated areas was collected for biological studies and temperatures of the soil were measured. Hydrothermally altered rock and brightly coloured hydrothermal alteration products were sampled. Ash bands in ice cliffs on the south west slopes of Mt Melbourne were investigated. Snow accumulation was determined by digging a 2m pit and taking 1.9m ice cores. Samples every 5 cm in the core and snow samples were analysed for their deuterium content to determine annual snow accumulation rate and then an estimated age of deposition of the ash in the ice. At Mt Erebus, the geology was investigated with samples collected around the cone and side crater. The main crater was investigated by lowering one person into it and four gas samples from a fumarole, 4 salt samples and several geological specimens were collected. An ice cavern was investigated.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Giggenbach, W.F. Geothermal ice caves on Mt Erebus, Ross Island, Antarctica. New Zealand journal of geology and geophysics 19(3): 365-372, 1976.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Giggenbach, W.F. Kyle, P.R. Lyon, G.L. Present volcanic activity on Mt. Erebus, Ross Island, Antarctica. Geology 1(3): 135-136, 1973.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Kyle, P.R. Giggenbach, W.F. Keys, H.J.R. Volcanic activity of Mount Erebus, Ross Island. Antarctic journal of the United States 11(4): 270-271, 1976.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Kyle, P.R. Mineralogy and glass chemistry of recent volcanic ejecta from Mt. Erebus, Ross Island, Antarctica. New Zealand journal of geology and geophysics 20(6): 1123-1146, 1977.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Treves, S.B. Kyle, P.R. Renewed volcanic activity of Mt Erebus, Antarctica. Antarctic journal of the United States 8(4): 156, 1973.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Lyon, G.L. Volcanoes in Antarctica. New Zealand alpine journal 26: 34-37, 1973.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Lowe, H. New Zealand party works in Antarctic volcano. Antarctic 6(11): 401-402, 1973.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Lyon, G.L. Giggenbach, W.F. Geothermal activity in Victoria Land, Antarctica. New Zealand journal of geology and geophysics 17(3): 511-521, 1974.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19721212
Ending_Date: 19730106
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 164.7
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 164.7
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -74.35
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -74.35
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 167.1667
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 167.1667
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.5333
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.5333
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD INSTRUMENT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > TOPOGRAPHY > LANDFORMS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > GEOTHERMAL DYNAMICS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > TECTONICS > VOLCANIC ACTIVITY > ERUPTION DYNAMICS > MAGMA COMPOSITION/TEXTURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > TECTONICS > VOLCANIC ACTIVITY > ERUPTION DYNAMICS > VOLCANIC GASES
Theme_Keyword: FIELD SURVEYS
Theme_Keyword: GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS
Theme_Keyword: FIELD INVESTIGATION
Theme_Keyword: VISUAL OBSERVATIONS
Theme_Keyword: Fumaroles
Theme_Keyword: Geothermal Activity
Theme_Keyword: Sulfur Dispersal
Theme_Keyword: Mount Erebus
Theme_Keyword: Mount Melbourne
Theme_Keyword: GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > MT MELBOURNE
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > ROSS ISLAND
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > MT EREBUS
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: PHILIP KYLE
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology
City: Socorro
State_or_Province: NM
Postal_Code: 87801
Country: US
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: kyle@nmt.edu
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
There were two main investigators involved in this field party, Philip Kyle and Werner Giggenbach. Werner Giggenbach passed away recently. Any further information should be directed to Dr Philip Kyle.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NZ/NZAI/ANZ > Antarctica New Zealand, New Zealand Antarctic Institute, New Zealand
Contact_Person: SHULAMIT GORDON
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.gordon@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Resource_Description: K044_1972_1973_NZ_1
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.antarcticanz.govt.nz/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20090203
Metadata_Review_Date: 20090210
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: CEISHA POIROT
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: SHULAMIT GORDON
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: c.poirot@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.gordon@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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