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Video surveillance recordings and seismic activity of Mt Erebus: 1986-1991, The International Mt Erebus Eruption Mechanism Study (IMEEMS)

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Video surveillance recordings and seismic activity of Mt Erebus: 1986-1991, The International Mt Erebus Eruption Mechanism Study (IMEEMS)
Description:
Abstract:
Studies of the location of earthquake foci at Mt Erebus found that eruption earthquakes had an apparent range of depths to 4km, but that infrasonic signals were more consistant with a surface origin. Although a possible explanation was time error in picking emergent seismic onsets, and inaccurate modelling of velocity structure, a more attractive option was the triggering of eruptions in the vents by earthquakes at depth. The International Mt Erebus Eruption Mechanism Study (IMEEMS) was initiated to find if the earthquake origin times were earlier than or equal to the times of visible eruption, as required by the triggering hypothesis, using video recordings of eruptions with accurate time display. The aim was to collect digital and video data on families of explosion earthquakes for the velocity modelling of the volcano and its magma column. TV surveillance equipment and an LPH geophone was added to an existing seismic telemetry net to compare the onset times of signals for each eruption. Each season, TV surveillance equipment was maintained and surveillance initiated, and infrasonic microphones and long period seismographs were serviced. Eruptions were video taped and the recordings from the seismic net were played back and analysed for the eruptions seen to eject bombs. A digital seismic event recording sysem was installed November 25, 1988 using a PC computer based system in parallel with the analoge tape recorder. Changes in the temperature of the crater walls and lava lake was measured with infrared temperature measurements each year. Overall this project covered the distribution in space and time of volcanic earthquakes, explosion earthquakes, tectonic earthquakes, earthquake swarms and tremors, explosion infrasonic waves, magnetic induction signals from eruptions, infrared temperatures, eruption velocities and volumes of lava bombs, and the velocity structure of the erupting magma columns. A pilot seismic refraction survey was made on the summit cone of Mt Erebus in 1989-1990 along a 200m line between the upper hut and Nausea Knob. Two seismic lines were recorded 180, and 330m long for shallow velocity data. The seismic source was sledge hammer blows for the 180m line and 1.5m lengths of detonating cord laid on the surface for the 330m line. In the following season, to eliminate the possibility that the observed delay to seismic waves from strombolian explosions was caused by thick and/or very low velocity layers under the recording stations on the flanks of the volcano, a seismic refraction line was run between the warm ground in the Side Crater and the somma rim at the edge of the summit plateau.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Dibble, R.R. Infrasonic recordings of Strombolian eruptions of Erebus, Antarctica, March-December 1984, covering the jump in activity on 13 September 1984. in: Volcanic hazards.Latter J.H. (ed) Berlin: Springer-Verlag. 1989. pp.536-553 [IAVCEI proceedings in volcanology: 1] Dibble, R.R. Barrett, S.I.D. Kaminuma, K. Miura, S. Kienle, J. Rowe, C.A. Kyle, P.A. McIntosh, W.C.Time comparisons between video and seismic signals from explosions in the lava lake of Erebus Volcano, Antarctica. Bulletin of the Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University 38: 147-161, 1988. Dibble, R.R. O’Brien, B. Rowe, C.A. The velocity structure of Mount Erebus, Antarctica, and its lava lake.in: Volcanological and environmental studies of Mount Erebus, Antarctica.Kyle P.R. (ed) Washington: American Geophysical Union. 1994. pp.1-16 [Antarctic research series: 66] ISBN 0875908756 Dibble, R.R. 1994. Velocity modelling in the erupting magma column of Mount Erebus, Antarctica. In Kyle, P.R. (Ed.). Volcanological and environmental studies of Mount Erebus, Antarctica. American Geophysical Union Antarctic Research Series 66: 17-34. Dibble, R.R., Kyle, P.R. Rowe, C.A. 2008. Video and seismic observations of strombolian eruptions at Erebus Volcano, Antarctica. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 177: 619-634. Dibble, R.R. Kyle, P.R. Skov, M.J. Volcanic activity and seismicity of Mount Erebus, 1986-1994. Antarctic journal of the United States 29(5): 11-14, 1994. Dibble, R.R. 1990. Mount Erebus - The High Island. In: Hatherton, T. (Ed.) Antarctica: The Ross Sea Region. Publ. DSIR Wellington, Information Series 165: 77-84. Kaminuma, K. Dibble, R.R. An eruption process of Mount Erebus, Antarctica. in: Proceedings of the Kagoshima International Conference on Volcanoes, 1988. Tokyo: National Institute for Research Advancement. 1988. pp.66-70 Kaminuma, K. Activities of Japanese earth science research in the 1986-1987 season. Antarctic record 31(2): 155-162, 1987. Kaminuma, K. Dibble, R.R. Geophysical studies of Mount Erebus, Antarctica. in: Proceedings of the Kagoshima International Conference on Volcanoes, 1988. Tokyo: National Institute for Research Advancement. 1988. pp.242-245 Kaminuma, K. Miura, S. Dibble, R.R. A process of Mount Erebus eruption. Proceedings of the NIPR Symposium on Antarctic Geosciences 2: 7-16, 1988. Kaminuma, K. International Mount Erebus Eruption Mechanism Study in 1988-1989. Antarctic record 33(3): 430-435, 1989. Kaminuma, K. Murakami, K. Seismic activity of Mount Erebus in 1987. Proceedings of the NIPR Symposium on Antarctic Geosciences 3: 13-19, 1989. Kaminuma, K. Dibble, R.R. Seismicity of Erebus volcano, Antarctica. in: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Antarctic Research. Tianjin: China Ocean Press. 1989. pp.168-176 Kaminuma, K. Dibble, R.R. Seismic activity of Mount Erebus in 1981-1988. Proceedings of the NIPR Symposium on Antarctic Geosciences 4: 142-148, 1990. Kaminuma, K. Shibuya, K. The structure and seismic activity of Mount Erebus, Ross Island. in: Geological evolution of Antarctica; proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Antarctic Earth Sciences, Cambridge, 1987.Thomson M.R.A. Crame J.A. Thomson J.W. (eds) Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1991. pp.329-333. ISBN 0521372666 Kaminuma, K. The seismic activity of Mount Erebus in 1981-1990. in: Volcanological and environmental studies of Mount Erebus, Antarctica.Kyle P.R. (ed) Washington: American Geophysical Union. 1994. pp.35-50 [Antarctic research series: 66] ISBN 0875908756 Kaminuma, K. Dibble, R.R. Seismic activity of Mount Erebus in 1981-1988. Proceedings of the NIPR Symposium on Antarctic Geosciences 4: 142-148, 1990. Luo, X., Dibble, R.R. 1993. A 3-dimensional tomographic inverstion on the seismic P-way structure of Erebus volcano, Antarctica. Geophysical Symposium, Wellington, NZ Geophysical Society, Programme and abstracts. P. 27. Miura, S. Kaminuma, K. Dibble, R.R. Temperature measurements in the crater of Mt. Erebus, Ross Island, Antarctica. Proceedings of the NIPR Symposium on Antarctic Geosciences 2: 17-23, 1988. O'Brien, B. 1992. Seismicity, velocity structure, and eruption mechanism of Erebus volcano, Ross Island, Antarctica. MSc thesis, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand Shimizu, H. Kaminuma, K. Dibble, R.R. Temperature measurements in the crater of Mount Erebus, Ross Island, Antarctica (2). Proceedings of the NIPR Symposium on Antarctic Geosciences 5: 53-60, 1991. Takanami, T. Kitagawa, G. Extraction of microearthquake signals recorded by the seismic network on Mt. Erebus, Ross Island, Antarctica. Proceedings of the NIPR Symposium on Antarctic Geosciences 5: 46-52, 1991.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19861101
Ending_Date: 19910101
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 167.1667
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 167.1667
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.5333
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.5333
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD INSTRUMENT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > TOPOGRAPHY > CONTOURS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > TOPOGRAPHY > TOPOGRAPHICAL RELIEF
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > TOPOGRAPHY > TERRAIN ELEVATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > TECTONICS > EARTHQUAKES > EARTHQUAKE MAGNITUDE/INTENSITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > TECTONICS > EARTHQUAKES > EARTHQUAKE OCCURRENCES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > TECTONICS > EARTHQUAKES > EARTHQUAKE PREDICTIONS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > TECTONICS > EARTHQUAKES > SEISMIC PROFILE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > TECTONICS > VOLCANIC ACTIVITY > ERUPTION DYNAMICS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > TECTONICS > VOLCANIC ACTIVITY > ERUPTION DYNAMICS > LAVA COMPOSITION/TEXTURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > TECTONICS > VOLCANIC ACTIVITY > ERUPTION DYNAMICS > VOLCANIC GASES
Theme_Keyword: FIELD SURVEYS
Theme_Keyword: GROUND STATIONS
Theme_Keyword: ELECTROMAGNETIC DIRECTION METER
Theme_Keyword: SEISMOGRAPHS
Theme_Keyword: SEISMOMETERS
Theme_Keyword: GEOPHONES
Theme_Keyword: INFRASONIC MICROPHONES
Theme_Keyword: VIDEO CAMERA
Theme_Keyword: IMEEMS > INTERNATIONAL MOUNT EREBUS ERUPTION MECHANISM STUDY
Theme_Keyword: Seismic Activity
Theme_Keyword: Electromagnetic Impulses
Theme_Keyword: Seismic Velocities
Theme_Keyword: Earthquake Frequencies
Theme_Keyword: Velocity Modelling
Theme_Keyword: GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > MT EREBUS
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: BRAD SCOTT
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: CHRIS BENNY
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Wairakei Research Centre
Address: Private Bag 2000
City: Taupo
Postal_Code: 3352
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Wairakei Research Centre
Address: Private Bag 2000
City: Taupo
Postal_Code: 3352
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 07 376 0151
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 07 376 0157
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 07 374 8199
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 07 374 8199
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: B.Scott@gns.cri.nz
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: C.Benny@gns.cri.nz
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
The international investigation of the Mt Erebus crater included investigations from several different scientists and organisations (Victoria University of Wellington, NSF and NIPR). The data is covered well in the publications. All of the 220 VHS videotapes, the digital seismic records for 1986 to 1990 and the digital seismic records that were added by Victoria University of Wellington and ran in parallel with NIPR's analog seismograph and continued as part of the Erebus Volcanological Observatory (EVO) up to 2000 are are held by GNS Science at: Wairakei Research Centre Private Bag 2000 Taupo 3352 New Zealand For more information, please contact either: Brad Scott (B.Scott@gns.cri.nz) ph: +64 07 376 0151 Fax:+64 07 374 8199 OR Chris Benny (C.Benny@gns.cri.nz) ph: +64 07 376 0157 Fax:+64 07 374 8199
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NZ/NZAI/ANZ > Antarctica New Zealand, New Zealand Antarctic Institute, New Zealand
Contact_Person: SHULAMIT GORDON
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.gordon@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Resource_Description: K044_1986_1991_NZ_1
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.antarcticanz.govt.nz/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://gcmd.nasa.gov/getdif.htm?K044_1980_1986_NZ_...
Access_Instructions:
The IMEEMS study was a continuation of the previous IMEES study. The metadata for the IMEES study is at this link.
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.gns.cri.nz/store/databases/indexb.html#...
Access_Instructions:
The relevant seismic and magnetic induction data and some of the infrasonic data, and tapes for 1981-1990 are to be transfered to this database
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://erebus.nmt.edu/
Access_Instructions:
The Mount Erebus Volcano Observatory Website. After the IMEEMS study finished, and America team continues studies on the volcano.
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20090204
Metadata_Review_Date: 20100929
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: CEISHA POIROT
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: SHULAMIT GORDON
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: c.poirot@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.gordon@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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