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Physical, chemical and biological characteristics of soils from the upper Garwood Valley, Ross Sea Region, 2002-2006.

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Physical, chemical and biological characteristics of soils from the upper Garwood Valley, Ross Sea Region, 2002-2006.
Description:
Abstract:
These data consist of a number of subsets of soil samples gathered from the upper Garwood Valley in January 2002, January 2003, January 2005 and January 2006. Replicate randomly-located samples of surface soils to 10 cm depth have been gathered from the most common landforms in the area. Within the most widespread landforms, the same type of samples have been gathered along transects of increasing distance from Lake Colleen in the valley's centre. A third subset relates to soils on an experimental site at which the biotic response to additional of local biotic detritus (algal mat and lakeshore foams). For each soil sample, field and later lab-based measurements include: bulk density, texture, repeated measurements of moisture content and temperature at depths of 1 cm and 5 cm, organic carbon (after acidification to remove carbonates) and total nitrogen by Carlo Erba elemental analyzer, ammonium and nitrate (in KCl extraction) by TRAACS auto-analyzer, chlorophyll concentration, field CO2 flux at ambient temperature at the soil surface by LiCor 6400, lab CO2 flux at controlled (and varied) temperature and moisture by LiCor 6400, and lab CO2 fluxes after addition of carbon and nitrogen at controlled temperature and moisture by LiCor 6400. Results indicate relatively high rates of soil respiration and thus turnover of the soil carbon pool, and possible limitations by both carbon and nitrogen under different conditions. Subsamples of soil samples have been stored at -80C for future analysis of microbial diversity using DNA and RNA probing techniques.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: PAPERS Hopkins D.W., Sparrow, A.D., Gregorich, E.G., Elberling, B., Novis, P., Fraser, F., Scrimgeour, C., Dennis, P.G.. Meier-Augenstein W. & Greenfield, L.G. 2009. Isotopic evidence for the provenance and turnover of organic carbon by soil microorganisms in the Antarctic dry valleys. Environmental Microbiology, doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2008.01830.x
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Hopkins, D.W., Sparrow, A.D., Shillam, L.L., English, L.C., Dennis, P.G., Novis, P., Elberling, B., Gregorich, E.G. & Greenfield, L.G. 2008. Enzymatic activities and microbial communities in an Antarctic dry valley soil: Responses to C and N supplementation. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 40: 2130-2136.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Hopkins, D.W., Sparrow, A.D., Gregorich, E.G., Novis, P., Elberling, B. & Greenfield, L.G. 2008. Redistributed lacustrine detritus as a spatial subsidy of biological resources for soils in an Antarctic dry valley. Geoderma, 144: 86-92.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Novis, P.M., Whitehead, D., Gregorich, E.G., Hunt, J.E., Sparrow, A.D., Hopkins, D.W., Elberling, B., & Greenfield, L.G. 2007. Annual carbon fixation in terrestrial populations of Nostoc commune (Cyanobacteria) from an Antarctic dry valley is driven by temperature regime. Global Change Biology 13: 1224-1237.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Hopkins, D.W., Sparrow, A.D., Novis, P.M., Gregorich, E.G., Elberling, B. & Greenfield, L.G. 2006. Controls on the distribution of productivity and organic resources in Antarctic dry valley soils. Proceedings of the Royal Society Series B: Biological Sciences 273: 2687-2695. [Invited review]
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Elberling, B., Gregorich, E.G., Hopkins, D.W., Sparrow, A.D., Novis, P., & Greenfield, L.G. 2006. Distribution and dynamics of soil organic matter in an Antarctic dry valley. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 38: 3095-3106.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Gregorich, E.G., Hopkins, D.W., Elberling, B., Novis, P., Sparrow, A.D., Greenfield, L.G. & Rochette, P. 2006. Biogenic gas emission from lakeshore soils in an Antarctic dry valley. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 38: 3120-3129.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Hopkins, D.W., Sparrow, A.D., Elberling, B., Gregorich, E.G., Novis, P., Greenfield, L.G., & Tilston, E.L.. 2006. Carbon, nitrogen and temperature controls on microbial activity in soils from an Antarctic dry valley. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 38: 3130-3140.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: BOOK CHAPTERS Hopkins, D.W., Elberling, B., Greenfield, L.G., Gregorich, E.G., Novis, P., O’Donnell, A.G. & Sparrow, A.D. 2005. Soil micro-organisms in Antarctic dry valleys: resource supply and utilization. In: G.M. Gadd, K.T. Semple & H.M. Lappin-Scott (eds). SGM Symposium 65: Micro-organisms and Earth Systems – Advances in Geomicrobiology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. pp.71-84.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: CONFERENCE PRESENTATIONS Hopkins, D., Sparrow, A., et al. 2008. Biogeochemical transformations and responses to change of soils organisms in Antarctic dry valleys. Joint Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR)/International Arctic Science Committee (IASC) International Polar Year Conference, St Petersburg, Russia, 8-11 July, 2008.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Novis, P., Smissen, R., Sparrow, A., Whitehead, D., Hunt, J., Gregorich, E., Hopkins, D., Elberling, B., Broady, P., & Greenfield, L. 2007. Nostoc commune in Victoria Land. Antarctica New Zealand Latitudinal Gradient Workshop, Wellington, NZ, 2 July 2007.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Elberling, B., Gregorich E.G., Hopkins D.W., Sparrow A.D., Novis P. & Greenfield L.G. 2007. Controls on soil organic matter decomposition in an Antarctic dry valley. International Symposium on Soil Processes Under Extreme Meteorological Conditions. Bayreuth, Germany, 25-28 February 2007.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Hopkins, D.W., Sparrow, A.D., Gregorich, E.G., Elberling, B., Greenfield, L.G. & Novis, P. 2006. Controls on biological activity in soils from Antarctic dry valleys. 18th World Congress of Soil Science. Philadelphia, USA, 9-16 July 2006.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Sparrow, A., Elberling, B., Greenfield, L., Gregorich, E., Hopkins, D., Novis, P. & Wardle, D. 2005. Antarctic dry valley soil organic matter and microbial communities: within-valley heterogeneity of composition and function. Ecological Society of America Annual Conference, Montreal, 8-12 August, 2005.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Hopkins, D., Greenfield, L., Wardle, D., Novis, P., Sparrow, A., Gregorich, E., Elberling, B., O’Donnell,T., & English, L. 2005. Resources and diversity. Synthesis of Soil Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning in Victoria Land, Antarctica: An NSF-Sponsored Workshop. Jekyll Island, USA, 21-23 April, 2005.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20020109
Ending_Date: 20020119
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20030116
Ending_Date: 20030130
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20050122
Ending_Date: 20050128
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20060110
Ending_Date: 20060121
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 163.8334
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 163.9667
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -78.0167
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -78.05
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD INSTRUMENT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > CARBON
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > DENITRIFICATION RATE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > NITROGEN
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > ORGANIC MATTER
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > SOIL FERTILITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > SOIL GAS/AIR
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > SOIL MOISTURE/WATER CONTENT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > SOIL RESPIRATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > SOIL TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > MICROFLORA
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > COMMUNITY DYNAMICS > BIODIVERSITY FUNCTIONS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS > BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS > NUTRIENT CYCLING
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS > PHOTOSYNTHESIS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS > DECOMPOSITION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS > BIOMASS DYNAMICS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS > PRIMARY PRODUCTION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS > RESPIRATION RATE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > COMMUNITY DYNAMICS > COMMUNITY STRUCTURE
Theme_Keyword: FIELD SURVEYS
Theme_Keyword: LABORATORY
Theme_Keyword: AUTOANALYZER
Theme_Keyword: CHN ANALYZERS > CARBON, HYDROGEN, NITROGEN ANALYZERS
Theme_Keyword: DVS > THE ANTARCTIC DRY VALLEY SOILS PROJECT
Theme_Keyword: BIOTA
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > GARWOOD VALLEY
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: PHIL NOVIS
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Landcare Research
Address: PO BOX 69
City: Lincoln
Postal_Code: 8152
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 325 6701 x2511
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 325 2418
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: novisp@landcareresearch.co.nz
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
This is an ongoing investigation. The soil samples are held at the Scottish Crop Research Institute, Dundee, Scotland. Please contact Professor David Hopkins for more details. The data is archived with Associate Professor Ashley Sparrow, Professor David Hopkins and Dr Ed Gregorich. Please contact them for more information or please refer to the publications.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NZ/NZAI/ANZ > Antarctica New Zealand, New Zealand Antarctic Institute, New Zealand
Contact_Person: SHULAMIT GORDON
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.gordon@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Resource_Description: K052_2004_2005_NZ
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.antarcticanz.govt.nz/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.biol.canterbury.ac.nz/dvs/dvs_index.htm...
Access_Instructions:
The Antarctic Dry Valley Soils Project
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20090416
Metadata_Review_Date: 20090501
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: CEISHA POIROT
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: SHULAMIT GORDON
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: c.poirot@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.gordon@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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