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An investigation of a bacterial infection of Antarctic sponge species at Cape Armitage

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: An investigation of a bacterial infection of Antarctic sponge species at Cape Armitage
Description:
Abstract:
A bacterial infection was found associated with two species of Antarctic sponges while conducting a survey of the benthic community at Cape Armitage. This infection was not observed in the first year of the survey and appeared to be spreading in the second season of the survey because infected sponges were found at all dive locations. An exercise was designed to examine the virulence of the bacterium and to test whether the species concerned could manufacture defensive chemicals against the infection. Infected sponges were sampled and their tissue frozen for analysis. An experiment was designed where small discs of bacterially infected sponge were placed on unaffected sponges. These individuals were then sampled one week later to determine if transfer of the infection occurred.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Battershill, C. 1992 Icy sponges. New Zealand science monthly 3(10): 8-9
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Battershill, C. 1995 Under the Antarctic sea ice: the sponge gardens. Water and atmosphere 3(1): 24-25
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Battershill, C.N. Blunt, J.W. Munro, M.H.G. Barns, G. Dale, F.M. 1989 Antiviral/antitumour activity in Antarctic marine invertebrate extracts - immediate results. New Zealand Antarctic record 9(2): 53-63
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Battershill, C.N. 1989 Distribution and abundance of benthic marine species at Cape Armitage, Antarctica - initial results. New Zealand Antarctic record 9(2): 35-52
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Battershill, C.N. 1990 The chemical ecology of Antarctic benthic marine invertebrates - initial observations. New Zealand Antarctic record 10(1): 9-22
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Battershill, C.N. 1990 Temporal changes in Antarctic marine benthic community structure. New Zealand Antarctic record 10(1): 23-27
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19881014
Ending_Date: 19881124
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 166.6667
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 166.6667
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.85
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.85
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES > SPONGES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > BENTHIC HABITAT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > REEF HABITAT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > MARINE HABITAT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS > EVOLUTIONARY ADAPTATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > COMMUNITY DYNAMICS > BIODIVERSITY FUNCTIONS
Theme_Keyword: FIELD INVESTIGATION
Theme_Keyword: BIOTA
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > ROSS ISLAND
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > CAPE ARMITAGE
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: CHRIS BATTERSHILL
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Australian Institute of Marine Science
Address: PMB 3, Townsville MC
City: Townsville
State_or_Province: Queensland
Postal_Code: 4819
Country: Australia
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +61 (07) 4753 4431
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +61 (07) 4772 5852
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: c.battershill@aims.gov.au
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NZ/NZAI/ANZ > Antarctica New Zealand, New Zealand Antarctic Institute, New Zealand
Contact_Person: SHULAMIT GORDON
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.gordon@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Resource_Description: K054_1988_1989_NZ_2
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.antarcticanz.govt.nz/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20090521
Metadata_Review_Date: 20090606
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: CEISHA POIROT
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: SHULAMIT GORDON
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: c.poirot@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.gordon@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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