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Satellite and NEXRAD Images from the March 1, 1997 Southern United States Tornado and Flood Outbreak (NOAA/NCDC)

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: NOAA National Climatic Data Center
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Satellite and NEXRAD Images from the March 1, 1997 Southern United States Tornado and Flood Outbreak (NOAA/NCDC)
Edition:
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form:
Series_Information:
Series_Name:
Issue_Identification:
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place:
Publisher: NOAA
Other_Citation_Details:
Online_Linkage: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/reports/marchflooding/marchflooding.html
Description:
Abstract:
On March 1, 1997, a severe weather situation with tornadoes and very heavy rainfall erupted along a nearly stationary front from Texas to West Virginia. At mid-afternoon on Saturday, an outbreak of strong to violent tornadoes in Arkansas, northern Mississippi, and western Tennessee resulted in 27 deaths, including 25 in Arkansas. Several of the tornadoes have been estimated as F4 intensity, with winds in the 207-260 mph range. This was the deadliest U.S. outbreak since March 27, 1994, when 42 were killed in Alabama, Georgia, and South Carolina. Fortunately in this outbreak, the National Weather Service issued tornado warnings from 10 to 32 minutes before the tornadoes struck, using NEXRAD radar to provide much more lead time than previously possible. Thus far this year, 29 tornado-related deaths have been reported vs. 24 for all of 1996. This event also produced unusually heavy rainfall from northeast Arkansas through western Tennessee and southeast Missouri, and into much of Kentucky, southern Indiana and Ohio, and West Virginia. In many areas, the rains fell on nearly saturated ground left by the snows and rainfall of the past few months. In parts of northern Kentucky, rainfall rates averaged at least one inch per hour for a 12-hour period on March 1. NCDC offers satellite and radar imagery detailing this weather situation. In addition, a precipitation table outlining total precipitation in inches that fell over the south during the outbreak is included. All imagery and additional information is available via World Wide Web from NCDC. Link to: "http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/reports/marchflooding/marchflooding.html" [Summary Extracted from the NOAA/NCDC Home Page]
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
Not Available
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19970228
Ending_Date: 19970303
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -96.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 42.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 30.0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD INSTRUMENT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA > TORNADOES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > PRECIPITATION AMOUNT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > RAIN
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > FLOODS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SPECTRAL/ENGINEERING > INFRARED WAVELENGTHS > BRIGHTNESS TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SPECTRAL/ENGINEERING > INFRARED WAVELENGTHS > INFRARED IMAGERY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SPECTRAL/ENGINEERING > RADAR > RADAR REFLECTIVITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SPECTRAL/ENGINEERING > VISIBLE WAVELENGTHS > VISIBLE IMAGERY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > NATURAL HAZARDS > TORNADOES
Theme_Keyword: FIXED OBSERVATION STATIONS
Theme_Keyword: METEOROLOGICAL STATIONS
Theme_Keyword: GOES > NOAA GEOSTATIONARY OPERATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL SATELLITES
Theme_Keyword: NEXRAD > NEXT GENERATION RADAR
Theme_Keyword: AVHRR > ADVANCED VERY HIGH RESOLUTION RADIOMETER
Theme_Keyword: ESIP > EARTH SCIENCE INFORMATION PARTNERS PROGRAM
Theme_Keyword: Gif
Theme_Keyword: Mpeg
Theme_Keyword: Gosic
Theme_Keyword: G3os/
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
Theme_Keyword: IMAGERY/BASE MAPS/EARTH COVER
Theme_Keyword: INLAND WATERS
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > ALABAMA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > ARKANSAS
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > GEORGIA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > INDIANA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > KENTUCKY
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > MISSISSIPPI
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > MISSOURI
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > OHIO
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > SOUTH CAROLINA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > TENNESSEE
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > WEST VIRGINIA
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Contact_Person: NCDC CUSTOMER SERVICE
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: 151 Patton Avenue, Room 120
City: Asheville
State_or_Province: NC
Postal_Code: 28801-5001
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 828-271-4800
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 828-271-4876
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ncdc.orders@noaa.gov
Resource_Description: NOAA_NCDC_TORNADOES
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: GIF, MPEG
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Fees: No Fee
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date:
Metadata_Review_Date: 20130124
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: SCOTT A. RITZ
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Address: Global Change Master Directory
City: Greenbelt
State_or_Province: Maryland
Postal_Code: 20771
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 301-614-5126
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 301-614-5268
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: Scott.A.Ritz@nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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