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Fungi isolates from physical samples (soil, rock, wood, foodstuff, air, artifacts, etc) from heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region to determine fungal biodiversity

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Fungi isolates from physical samples (soil, rock, wood, foodstuff, air, artifacts, etc) from heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region to determine fungal biodiversity
Description:
Abstract:
Physical samples of soil, rocks, wood, foodstuffs, air and artefacts were collected from six Heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region over the period of January 1999 to January 2008. These sites included the three historic huts at Hut Point, Cape Evans and Cape Royds on Ross Island (from 1998-2008), the historic hut at Cape Adare (2002-2003), the rock hut at Cape Crozier (2000-2001) and the Granite house at Cape Geology, Granite Harbour (2002-2003). Fungi were isolated from these samples using a variety of techniques (including spore traps), media and temperatures. The results from these studies were used to determine fungal biodiversity, the effect of the introduction of a nutrient source in a pristine environment on native fungal species, the impact of humans, and introduction of foreign fungi into a harsh environment. The fungi isolated from these locations have been studied to determine adaption/survival strategies. All cultures are held in culture collections at The Universities of Waikato and Minnesota. Huts and artefacts were digitally videotaped to compare the rate of deterioration from year to year. January 1990 samples: Hut Point >100 samples, Cape Evans >200 samples, Cape Royds >200 samples; December 1999 samples Hut Point >50 samples, Cape Evans >130 samples, Cape Royds >90 samples
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Blanchette, R.A., Held, B.W., Arenz, B.E., Jurgens, J.A., Baltes, N.J., Duncan, S.M. and Farrell, R.L. 2010. An Antarctic hot spot for fungi at Shackleton’s historic hut on Cape Royds. Microbial Ecology 60(1): 29-38. doi: 10.1007/s00248-010-9664z
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Duncan, S.M., Farrell, R.L., Jordan, N., Jurgens, J.A. and Blanchette, R.A. 2010. Monitoring and identification of airborne fungi at historic locations on Ross Island, Antarctica. Polar Science (in press) doi:10.1016/j.polar.2010.03.008
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Wery, N., Gerike, U., Sharman, A., Chaudhuri, J.B., Hough, D.W. and Danson, M.J. 2009. Use of a packed column bioreactor for isolation of diverse protease-producing bacteria from Antarctic soil. Applied and environmental microbiology 69: 1457-1464.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Blanchette, R.A., Held, B.W. And Farrell, R.L. 2002. Defibration of wood in the expedition huts of Antarctica: an unusual deterioration process occurring in the polar environment. Polar Record 38: 313-322.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Blanchette, R.A., Held, B.W., Jurgens, J.A., Aislabie, J., Duncan, S. And Farrell, R.L. 2004. Environmental pollutants from the Scott and Shackleton expeditions during the 'Heroic Age' of Antarctica exploration. Polar Record 40: 143-151.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Blanchette, R.A., Held, B.W., Jurgens, J.A., McNew, D.L., Harrington, T.C., Duncan, S.M. And Farrell, R.A. 2004. Wood-destroying soft rot fungi in the historic expedition huts of Antarctica. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 70: 1328-1335.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Held, B.W., Jurgens, J.A., Duncan, S.M., Farrell, R.L. And Blanchette, R.A. 2005. Assessment of fungal diversity and deterioration in a wooden structure at New Harbour, Antarctica. Polar Biology DOI 10.1004/s00300-005-0084-3
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Held, B.W., Jurgens, J.A., Arenz, B.E., Duncan, S.M., Farrell, R.L. And Blachette, R.A. 2005. Environmental factors influencing microbial growth inside the historic expedition huts of Ross Island, Antarctica. International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation 55: 45-53.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Duncan, S.M., Farrell, R.L., Thwaites, J.M., Held, B.W., Arenz, B.E., Jurgens, J.A. And Blanchette, R.A. 2006. Endoglucanase-producing fungi isolated from Cape Evans historic expedition hut on Ross Island, Antarctica. Environmental Microbiology 8:1212-1219
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Arenz, B.E., Held, B.W., Jurgens, J.A., Farrell, R.L. And Blanchette, R.A. 2006. Fungal diversity in soils and historic wood from the Ross Sea Region of Antarctica. Soil and Biology and Biochemistry 38: 3057-3064.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Duncan, S.M., Minasaki, R., Farrell, R.A., Thwaites, J.M., Held, B.W., Arena, B.E., Jurgens, J.A. and Blanchette, R.A. 2008. Screening fungi isolated from historic Discovery Hut on Ross Island, Antarctica for cellulose degradation. Antarctic Science DOI: 10.1017/S0954102008001314
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Farrell, R. L., R. A. Blanchette, M. Auger, S. M. Duncan, B. W. Held, J. A. Jurgens, and R. Minasaki. 2004. Scientific evaluation of deterioration in historic huts of Ross Island, Antarctica. In: S. Barr and P. Chaplin (Eds.), Polar Monuments and Sites: Cutural Heritage in the Arctic and Antarctica Regions. ICOMOS Monuments and Sites Number VIII. Available from the International Polar Heritage Committee
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Blanchette, R.A., 2003. Deterioration in Historic and Archaeological Woods from Terrestrial Sites. In: Koestler, R.J., Koestler, V.R., Charola, A.E., and Nieto-Fernandez, F.E., (Eds.), Art, Biology, and Conservation: Biodeterioration of Works of Art. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 328-347. PDF reprint
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19990117
Ending_Date: 20100131
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: In Work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 162.5333
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 169.4
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -71.3
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.8472
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 162.32
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 169.24
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -71.18
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.5
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS > CONTAMINANT LEVELS/SPILLS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > INFRASTRUCTURE > BUILDINGS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS > CONSERVATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > MICROFLORA
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > BACTERIA/ARCHAEA
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > FUNGI
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS > EVOLUTIONARY ADAPTATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS > INDIGENOUS/NATIVE SPECIES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS
Theme_Keyword: FIELD SURVEYS
Theme_Keyword: FIELD INVESTIGATION
Theme_Keyword: LGP > LATITUDINAL GRADIENT PROJECT
Theme_Keyword: EBA > EVOLUTION AND BIODIVERSITY IN THE ANTARCTIC
Theme_Keyword: Historic Huts
Theme_Keyword: Bacteria
Theme_Keyword: Fungi
Theme_Keyword: Biodiversity
Theme_Keyword: Human Exploration
Theme_Keyword: Ezymatic Decay
Theme_Keyword: Hut Point
Theme_Keyword: Cape Royds
Theme_Keyword: Cape Evans
Theme_Keyword: Heroic Period
Theme_Keyword: Microbial Biology
Theme_Keyword: BIOTA
Theme_Keyword: ENVIRONMENT
Theme_Keyword: STRUCTURE
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > CAPE GEOLOGY
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > CAPE CROZIER
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > CAPE ROYDS
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > CAPE ADARE
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > HUT POINT
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > CAPE EVANS
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Access_Constraints: Culture at the University of Waikato are used for research purposes and are also linked with Zygem Pharmaceuticals for research and are therefore not publically available. Please contact the investigator for more information.
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: ROBERTA L FARRELL
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Department of Biological Sciences
Address: The University of Waikato
Address: Private Bag 3105
City: Hamilton
Postal_Code: 3105
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 7 838 4704
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 7 838 4976
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: r.farrell@waikato.ac.nz
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Collected specimens and isolate samples are all held at the University of Waikato Antarctic Fungal Collection, PC2 facility as frozen glycerols at -80C. There are approximately 2,700 isolates. Approx 1,350 specimen were transferred to ZyGEM Corp Ltd, Culture Collection. Personal notebooks are held by the investigator. Physical samples of wood are held at the University of Minnesota and University of Waikato. Please contact the investigator for further information.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NZ/NZAI/ANZ > Antarctica New Zealand, New Zealand Antarctic Institute, New Zealand
Contact_Person: SHULAMIT GORDON
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.gordon@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Resource_Description: K021_1998_2011_NZ_1
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.antarcticanz.govt.nz/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.bioprospector.org/bioprospector/antarct...
Access_Instructions:
Fungi cultures were sent to Zygem Pharmaceuticals for research. The ANTARCTIC BIOPROSPECTOR website provides details of research and commercialised products arising from biological samples that were sourced from the Antarctic region. This record ID number is 79. Alternatively use the Quick Search Function and enter Antarctic culture collection, Organisation Name = Zygem and Government = New Zealand
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://adt.waikato.ac.nz/public/adt-uow20070501.17...
Access_Instructions:
Shona Duncan's PhD thesis
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://bio.waikato.ac.nz/staff/farrell/
Access_Instructions:
Investigators profile: Please contact the investigator for further information on the University of Waikato Antarctic Fungal Collection
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://forestpathology.cfans.umn.edu/antarctica.ht...
Access_Instructions:
University of Minnesota's project homepage. These are joint collaborators with the University of Waikato Publications (pdf) are available on this website.
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.heritage-antarctica.org/AHT/Fungi/
Access_Instructions:
Antarctic Heritage Trust related information on historic huts fungi
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20040601
Metadata_Review_Date: 20120531
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: CEISHA POIROT
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: SHULAMIT GORDON
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: c.poirot@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.gordon@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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