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Microbial diversity and the environmental factors that drive the microbial community in the Ross Sea Region

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Microbial diversity and the environmental factors that drive the microbial community in the Ross Sea Region
Description:
Abstract:
The Antarctic environment has recently been shown to support a high level of diversity of bacteria in the soil given the simplicity and extreme nature of the habitat. Understanding the relationship between soil biodiversity and ecosystem functioning is critical to predicting and monitoring the effects of ecosystem changes on important soil processes. This study investigated what environment factors (moisture, nutrients, mineralogy, geochemistry) drive the microbial diversity in the dry valley soils of Antarctica. Soils were sampled from several different environments (Miers Valley, Mt Erebus thermal soils, Bratina Island meltwater pools, Beacon Valley, Upper Wright Valley and Battleship Promontory) with different environmental factors and analysed for micro-organism using a number of genetic and geochemical analysis such as in situ ATP analysis for quantification of microbial biomass, phylogenetic studies and PCR analysis. The data sets were rather large and detailed and are outlined by season of study in the associated metadata entries.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Cowan, D.A. Ah Tow, L. Smith, J.J. Cary, C. Moodley, K. 2005 Microbial molecular ecology of continental Antarctic biotopes. Antarctica: Global Laboratory for Scientific and International Collaboration. Tan, A., Yasin, Z., Mansor, M.(eds), Kuala Lumpur Academy of Sciences Malaysia
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Adams, B.J. Bardgett, R.D. Ayres, E. Wall, D.H. Aislabie, J. Bamforth, S. Bargagli, R. Cary, C. Cavacini, P. Connell, L. Convey, P. Fell, J.W. Frati, F. Hogg, I. Newsham, K.K. O’Donnell, A. Russell, N. Seppelt, R.D. Stevens, M.I. 2006 Diversity and distribution of Victoria Land biota. Soil biology and biochemistry 38(10): 3003-3018 doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2006.04.030
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Barrett, J.E. Virginia, R.A. Wall, D.H. Cary, S.C. Adams, B.J. Hacker, A.L. Aislabie, J.M. 2006 Co-variation in soil biodiversity and biogeochemistry in northern and southern Victoria Land, Antarctica. Antarctic science 18(4): 535-548 doi: 10.1017/S0954102006000587
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Hogg, I.D. Cary, S.C. Convey, P. Newsham, K.K. O’Donnell, A.G. Adams, B.J. Aislabie, J. Frati, F. Stevens, M.I. Wall, D.H. 2006 Biotic interactions in Antarctic terrestrial ecosystems: Are they a factor? Soil biology and biochemistry 38(10): 3035-3040 doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2006.04.026
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Smith, J.J. Ah Tow, L. Baker, G. Cary, C. Cowan, D.A. 2006 Bacterial diversity in three different Antarctic cold desert mineral soils. Microbial ecology 51(4): 413-421
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Cowan, D.A. Casanueva, A. Stafford, W. 2007 Ecology and biodiversity of cold-adapted organisms. In: Physiology and biochemistry of extremophiles. Gerday, C., Glansdorff, N.(eds), Washington, DC. ASM Press
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Niederberger, T.D. McDonald, I.R. Hacker, A.L. Soo, R.M. Barrett, J.E. Wall, D.H. Cary, C. 2008 Microbial community composition in soils of Northern Victoria Land, Antarctica Environmental microbiology 10(7): 1713-1624 doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2008.01593.x
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Wood, S.A. Rueckert, A. Cowan, D.A. Cary, S.C. 2008 Sources of edaphic cyanobacterial diversity in the Dry Valleys of Eastern Antarctica. The ISME journal 2: 308-320 doi:10.1038/ismej.2007.104
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: "Babalola, O.O., Kirby, B.M., Le Roes-Hill, M., Cook, A.E., Cary, S.C., Burton, S.G. And Cowan, D.A. 2009. Phylogenetic analysis of actinobacterial populations associated with Antarctic Dry Valley mineral soils. Environmental Microbiology 11(3): 566-576."
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Soo, R.M., Wood, S.A., Grzymski, J.J., McDonald, I.R. And Cary, S.C. 2009. Microbial biodiversity of thermophilic communities in hot mineral soils of Tramway Ridge, Mount Erebus, Antarctica. Environmental Microbiology 11 (3): 715-729.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Wood, S.A., Rueckert, A., Cowan, D.A. And Cary, S.C. 2008. Sources of edaphic cyanobacterial diversity in the Dry Valleys of Eastern Antarctica. International Society for Microbial Ecology (ISME) 2: 308-320.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20050124
Ending_Date: 20050205
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20060110
Ending_Date: 20060201
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20061126
Ending_Date: 20061213
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20080122
Ending_Date: 20080202
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: In Work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 163.812
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 163.812
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -78.0943
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -78.0943
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 167.45
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 167.45
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.7667
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.7667
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 165.5333
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 165.5333
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -78.0167
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -78.0167
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 160.7155
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 160.7155
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.5155
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.5155
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 160.7636
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 160.7636
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.5188
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.5188
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 160.9113
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 160.9113
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -76.9116
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -76.9116
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD INSTRUMENT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > MICRONUTRIENTS/TRACE ELEMENTS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > SOIL MOISTURE/WATER CONTENT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > SOIL PRODUCTIVITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > SOIL TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > MICROFLORA
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > COMMUNITY DYNAMICS > BIODIVERSITY FUNCTIONS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > COMMUNITY DYNAMICS > COMMUNITY STRUCTURE
Theme_Keyword: FIELD SURVEYS
Theme_Keyword: LABORATORY
Theme_Keyword: SOIL MOISTURE PROBE
Theme_Keyword: SOIL SAMPLER
Theme_Keyword: SOIL TEMPERATURE PROBE
Theme_Keyword: LTER > LONG-TERM ECOLOGICAL RESEARCH
Theme_Keyword: LGP > LATITUDINAL GRADIENT PROJECT
Theme_Keyword: IPY > INTERNATIONAL POLAR YEAR
Theme_Keyword: EBA > EVOLUTION AND BIODIVERSITY IN THE ANTARCTIC
Theme_Keyword: BIOTA
Theme_Keyword: ENVIRONMENT
Theme_Keyword: GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > BRATINA ISLAND
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > MIERS VALLEY
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > MT EREBUS
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > BEACON VALLEY
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > WRIGHT VALLEY
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > BATTLESHIP PROMONTORY
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: CRAIG CARY
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: DON COWAN
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Department of Biological Sciences
Address: University of Waikato
Address: PO BOX 3105
City: Hamilton
Postal_Code: 3105
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Department of Biotechnology
Address: University of the Western Cape
Address: Bellville
City: Cape Town
Postal_Code: 7535
Country: SOUTH AFRICA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 7 838 4593
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +27 (21) 959 2083
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 7 838 4218
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +27 (21) 959 3505
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: caryc@UDel.Edu
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: c.cary@waikato.ac.nz
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: dcowan@uwc.ac.za
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
All of the collected samples are stored at the University of Waikato, Hamilton New Zealand in a PC2 containment facility. Various amounts of the samples are held at the University of Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa and is indicated below. The samples are stored at -80C. The samples were used for DNA analysis and this analysis uses very little material. Therefore, most if not all, of the samples still exist. In the 2004-2005 field season, soil samples were collected along a transect in the Miers Valley. 12 stations were samples with three samples and the data along with these samples includes elevation, GPS position, volumetric water content, temperature and relative humidity. Mummified seal samples were also collected and the corresponding data includes seal number, location, GPS details, altitude, photo number, dentition number, length and associated notes. Soil samples for the biodiversity study corresponding data includes sample number, GPS information, the date collected, altitude and a site description. A set of full transect samples and samples of hypoliths are held in South Africa. In the 2005-2006 season, samples of soil, sediment and water were collected from Tramway Ridge, Bratina Island meltwater ponds and in the Miers Valley. A set of soil and hypolith samples are held in South Africa. In the 2006-2007 season, samples were collected from Tramway Ridge, Mt Erebus, the Miers Valley and Beacon Valley. Samples consisted of soil, hyperrhic measurements, seal samples, cyanbacterial mats and hyperliths. A small number of samples are held in South Africa. In the 2007-2008 season rocks and sand were collected from the Miers Valley, Upper Wright Valley and Battleship Promontory and several samples were taken to South Africa. A full sample set is held at the University of Waikato. For more information, please contact the investigator.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NZ/NZAI/ANZ > Antarctica New Zealand, New Zealand Antarctic Institute, New Zealand
Contact_Person: SHULAMIT GORDON
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.gordon@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Resource_Description: K023_2004_2008_NZ_1
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.antarcticanz.govt.nz/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://sci.waikato.ac.nz/staff/biol/carychttp://ww...
Access_Instructions:
The investigators homepage
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20090430
Metadata_Review_Date: 20090702
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: CEISHA POIROT
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: SHULAMIT GORDON
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: c.poirot@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.gordon@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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