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The biomass, productivity and biodiversity of algae and bacteria in Granite Harbour and the physical parameters of their environment

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: The biomass, productivity and biodiversity of algae and bacteria in Granite Harbour and the physical parameters of their environment
Description:
Abstract:
The total biomass, productivity and biodiversity of algae and bacteria from the sea ice and the water column was investigated in Granite Harbour. Sampling sites in the Granite Harbour area were used to survey the sea ice for algae and bacteria by drilling cores and using bottom ice, brine and using the entire ice core to look at biomass in profile. Initial chlorophyll concentrations were determined on all samples and additional sub samples were collected for analysis of bacterial and algal cell counts, carbon concentrations, DNA content, MAA composition, species biodiversity and cell numbers. Sea water under the ice was sampled at 5, 25 and 50m depths and similar analysis were performed. CTD (conductivity, temperature and chlorophyll concentration) profiles were taken in the water column every day at solar noon. A brine survey was also conducted. The sampling sites were ~100m, ~200m & ~300m from a freshwater source (glacial ice near the camp site). Holes of depth 60cm, 80cm & 120cm were drilled using the SIPRE corer and the core was removed from the hole, prior to covering with a black plastic. Samples were analysed for salinity and kept for biomass measurements. Each sea ice and seawater sample will be screened for the following: (i) bacterial diversity, (ii) cyanobacterial sequences (iii) proteorhodopsin-containing sequences (iv) carbon content, (v) mycosporine-like amino acids (vi) chlorophyll a, (vii) viral community composition, (viii) nutrient concentration i.e. ammonium and phosphates, and (ix) methylumbelliferyl enzymatic activity.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Koh YE, Cowie ROM, Atamna-Ismaeel, N, Martin AR, Beja O, O’Toole R, Davy SK, & Ryan KG (2010) Light harvesting bacteria in Antarctic sea ice. Submitted, Proc Natl Acad Sci USA.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Cowie R, Maas E, Ryan KG (2010) Archaeal diversity in Antarctic sea ice. Submitted ISME Journal.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Martin A, Hall JA, Ryan KG (2009) Low salinity and high UV-B radiation reduces single-cell activity in Antarctic sea ice bacteria. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 75, 7570 – 7573.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Martin, A.(2009) Bacterial metabolic activity in Antarctic sea ice. PhD thesis conferred Dec 2009, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Koh, E. Biodiversity of prokaryotes in Antarctic sea ice. PhD thesis in progress, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Cowie, R DNA fingerprints in Antarctic sea ice. PhD in progress, VUW.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Cowie R.O.M., Maas EW, and Ryan KG (2009). Sea ice microbial communities – an early indicator for climate change? Symposium on Aquatic Microbial Ecology (SAME11), Piran, Slovenia. Oral presentation
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Koh EY, Atamna-Ismaeel N, Cowie ROM, Martin AR, Beja O, Davy SK, Donachie S, O’Toole R, Ryan KG (2009) Proteorhodopsin- bearing bacteria  in  Antarctic  sea  ice. Xth SCAR International Biology Symposium. 26 - 31 July, Sapporo Japan July 2009
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Koh EY, Atamna-Ismaeel N, Cowie ROM, Martin AR, Beja O, Davy SK, Donachie S, O’Toole R, Ryan KG (2009) Phototrophic  Bacteria  in  Antarctic  Sea  Ice. Antarctic NZ conference July 2009
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Cowie ROM, Martin A, Koh E, Donachie S, Williams G, Maas E, and Ryan KG (2009) Archaeal Diversity in Antarctic Sea Ice. Antarctic NZ conference, Auckland. July 2009
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Bryant, L., Davy, S., Lörz, A-N., Maas, E., Zuccarello, J., Ryan, KG. 2009. Preliminary phylogeny of Antarctic Hyperiidean amphipods. Antarctica New Zealand. Annual Antarctic Conference, 1-3 July, Auckland, New Zealand
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20081115
Ending_Date: 20081127
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20091116
Ending_Date: 20091229
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: In Work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 162.89
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 162.89
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.015
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.015
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD INSTRUMENT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY > CHLOROPHYLL
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > SEA ICE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > BACTERIA/ARCHAEA
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > PLANTS > MICROALGAE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > PLANKTON > PHYTOPLANKTON
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > MARINE HABITAT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS > GRAZING DYNAMICS/PLANT HERBIVORY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > COMMUNITY DYNAMICS > BIODIVERSITY FUNCTIONS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS > PHOTOSYNTHESIS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS > PRIMARY PRODUCTION
Theme_Keyword: FIELD SURVEYS
Theme_Keyword: FIELD INVESTIGATION
Theme_Keyword: CTD > CONDUCTIVITY, TEMPERATURE, DEPTH
Theme_Keyword: ICE AUGERS
Theme_Keyword: LGP > LATITUDINAL GRADIENT PROJECT
Theme_Keyword: IPY > INTERNATIONAL POLAR YEAR
Theme_Keyword: EBA > EVOLUTION AND BIODIVERSITY IN THE ANTARCTIC
Theme_Keyword: BIOTA
Theme_Keyword: OCEANS
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > GRANITE HARBOUR
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: KEN RYAN
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Victoria University of Wellington
Address: School of Biological Sciences
Address: PO BOX 600
City: Wellington
Postal_Code: 6140
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 4 463 6083
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 4 463 5331
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ken.ryan@vuw.ac.nz
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Samples are all held at Victoria University of Wellington. Please contact the investigator for more information.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NZ/NZAI/ANZ > Antarctica New Zealand, New Zealand Antarctic Institute, New Zealand
Contact_Person: SHULAMIT GORDON
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.gordon@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Resource_Description: K043_2008_2009_NZ_2
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.antarcticanz.govt.nz/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
www.lgp.aq/
Access_Instructions:
The Latitudinal Gradient Project homepage
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.victoria.ac.nz/sbs/staff/staff_academic...
Access_Instructions:
The investigators homepage
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20090619
Metadata_Review_Date: 20100920
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: CEISHA POIROT
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: SHULAMIT GORDON
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: c.poirot@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.gordon@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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