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Annual measurements of atmospheric carbon monoxide concentrations and isotopic ratios from Arrival Heights, Ross Island since June 1991

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Annual measurements of atmospheric carbon monoxide concentrations and isotopic ratios from Arrival Heights, Ross Island since June 1991
Description:
Abstract:
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a trace gas in the atmosphere. Although it occurs naturally in the atmosphere at very low concentrations, it may contribute to the greenhouse effect and concentrations are increasing due to anthropogenic activity. The use of the radioactive isotope 14C in carbon monoxide is useful for determining the oxidative capacity of the atmosphere via oxidation by hydroxyl (OH). Large whole air samples (1000-1400L) are collected from a compressor system at Arrival Heights annually (since 1991) and samples are analysed for CO concentrations and isotopic ratios of 14C and 13C to assess the characteristics and fluxes of sources and sinks of CO. CO is extracted as CO2 by selective combustion techniques and the 13C/12C and 18O/16O isotopic ratios are determined. Sample collection is aimed at the clean sector of the sky from the West through North to East, throughout the year. Measurements of CO carbon isotopes and its concentration in the atmosphere in Antarctica will help to determine the geographic variation, transport and the type and distribution of the sources of CO from the northern hemisphere.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Brenninkmeijer, C.A.M. Measurement of the abundance of CO-14 in the atmosphere and the C-13/C-12 and O-18/O-16 ratio of atmospheric CO with applications in New Zealand and Antarctica. Journal of geophysical research 98(D6): 10,595-10,614, 1993. Brenninkmeijer, C.A.M. Interhemispheric asymmetry in OH abundance inferred from measurements of atmospheric C-140. Nature 356(6364): 50-52, 1992. Mak, J.E. Brenninkmeijer, C.A.M. Manning, M.R. Evidence for a missing carbon monoxide sink based on tropospheric measurements of CO-14. Geophysical research letters 19(14): 1467-1470, 1992. Brenninkmeijer, C.A.M. Mak, J.E. Direct detection of the atmospheric production rate of 14C. Eos 75(44): 147, 1994. Mak, J.E. Brenninkmeijer, C.A.M. Tamaresis, J. Atmospheric 14CO observations and their use for estimating carbon monoxide removal rates. Journal of geophysical research 99: 22,915-22,922, 1994. Mak, J.E. and Brenninkmeijer, C.A.M. 1994. Compressed air sample technology for Isotopic analysis of atmospheric carbon monoxide. Journal of Atmospheric Oceanic Technology 11: 425-431. Brenninkmeijer, C.A. Lowe, D.C. Manning, M.R. Sparks, R.J. van Velthoven, P.F. The 13C, 14C and 18O isotopic composition of CO, CH4 and CO2 in the higher southern latitudes lower stratosphere. Journal of geophysical research 100(D12): 26,163-26,172, 1995. Manning, M.R. Pearman, G.I. Etheridge, D.M. Fraser, P.J. Lowe, D.C. Steele, L.P. Changing composition of the atmosphere. in: Greenhouse: coping with climate change.Bouma W.J. Pearman G.I. Manning M.R. (eds) Collingwood: CSIRO Australia. 1996. pp.3-26 ISBN 0643056882 Brenninkmeijer, C.A.M. Müller, R. Crutzen, P.J. Lowe, D.C. Manning, M.R. Sparks, R.J. van Velthoven, P.F.J. A large 13CO deficit in the lower Antarctic stratosphere due to “ozone hole” chemistry: Part I, observations. Geophysical research letters 23(16): 2125-2128, 1996. Müller, R. Brenninkmeijer, C.A.M. Crutzen, P.J. A large 13CO deficit in the lower Antarctic stratosphere due to “ozone hole” chemistry: Part II, modelling. Geophysical research letters 23(16): 2129-2132, 1996. Manning, M.R., Brenninkmeijer, C.A.M. and Allen, W. 1997. Atmospheric carbon monoxide budget of the southern hemisphere: Implications of 13C/12C measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research 102: 10673-10682. Brenninkmeijer, C.A.M Rõckmann, T. Principal factors determining the 18O/16O ratio of atmospheric CO as derived from observations in the southern hemispheric troposphere and lowermost stratosphere. Journal of geophysical research 102(D21): 25,477-25,485, 1997.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19910601
Ending_Date: Unknown
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: In Work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 166.65
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 166.65
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.8167
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.8167
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > AIR QUALITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY > TRACE GASES/TRACE SPECIES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY > CARBON AND HYDROCARBON COMPOUNDS > CARBON MONOXIDE
Theme_Keyword: UNFCCC > UNITED NATIONS FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > ARRIVAL HEIGHTS
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: GORDON BRAILSFORD
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research Ltd. (NIWA)
Address: PO BOX 14901
City: Wellington
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 4 386 0300
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 386 0574
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: g.brailsford@niwa.co.nz
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
All of the data is held by NIWA Ltd., New Zealand and is available via the ftp site listed on this page. The data is also available via the Global Atmospheric Watch, World Data Centre for Greenhouse Gases (WDCGG). Please contact Dr Gordon Brailsford for more information.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NZ/NZAI/ANZ > Antarctica New Zealand, New Zealand Antarctic Institute, New Zealand
Contact_Person: SHULAMIT GORDON
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.gordon@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Resource_Description: K087_1991_2008_NZ_1
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.antarcticanz.govt.nz/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://gaw.kishou.go.jp/wdcgg/
Access_Instructions:
The data is publically available at the Global Atmospheric Watch, World Data Centre for Greenhouse Gases (WDCGG)
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.niwa.co.nz/our-science/atmosphere/barin...
Access_Instructions:
NIWA's atmospheric homepage with links to ftp data and publications
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20090422
Metadata_Review_Date: 20090606
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: CEISHA POIROT
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: SHULAMIT GORDON
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: c.poirot@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.gordon@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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