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The diversity of the microflora and microfauna and the thermal and moisture regimes of soils from contaminated and pristine soils from Scott Base, Marble Point and Bull Pass, Wright Valley

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: The diversity of the microflora and microfauna and the thermal and moisture regimes of soils from contaminated and pristine soils from Scott Base, Marble Point and Bull Pass, Wright Valley
Description:
Abstract:
The impact of fuel spills on the biological, chemical and physical properties of Antarctic soils was investigated. Soil surface samples and soil profile samples (pits dug down to the ice cemented surface) were collected from both oil-impacted and pristine sites in the vicinity of Scott Base, at the abandoned station at Marble Point and from Bull Pass in the Wright Valley. The aim was to determine the effects on the diversity of microflora and microfauna, on the thermal and moisture regimes of soils and on the composition of soil water. The samples were analysed for total counts of bacteria, viable counts of bacteria and fungi, numbers of hydrocarbon degraders, microbial respiration rates, microbial biomass and microbial nitrogen and soil parameters known to influence microbial activity (i.e. water content, pH, total carbon and conc. of the nutrients N and P). Soluable salts in the soils were extracted and analysed to determine whether there are any differences between oil-impacted and control sites. Measurements of soil CO2 flux were made with a gas analyser/soil chamber system in the Wright Valley to trial its application to Antarctic soils. Vitel soil moisture and salinity probes were tested and calibrated also in a range of environments in the Wright Valley and at Scott Base.
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Aislabie, J. Fraser, R. Duncan, S. Farrell, R.L. 2001 Effects of oil spills on microbial heterotrophs in Antarctic soils. Polar biology 24: 308-313
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Aislabie, J.M. Balks, M.R. Foght, J.M. Waterhouse, E.J. 2004 Hydrocarbon spills on Antarctic soils: effects and management. Environmental science and technology 38(5): 1265-1274
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Aislabie, J.M. Chhour, K.-L. Saul, D.J. Miyauchi, S. Ayton, J. Paetzold, R.F. Balks, M.R. 2006 Dominant bacteria in soils of Marble Point and Wright Valley, Victoria Land, Antarctica. Soil biology and biochemistry 38(10): 3041-3056 doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2006.02.018
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Aislabie, J.M. Jordan, S. Barker, G.M. 2008 Relation between soil classification and bacterial diversity in soils of the Ross Sea region, Antarctica. Geoderma 144: 9-20 doi: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2007.10.006
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Baraniecki, C.A. Aislabie, J. Foght, J.M. 2002 Characterization of Sphingomonas sp. Ant 17, an aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading bacterium isolated from Antarctic soil. Microbial ecology 43: 44-54
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Eckford, R. Cook, F.D. Saul, D. Aislabie, J. Foght, J. 2002 Free-living heterotrophic nitrogen-fixing bacteria isolated from fuel-contaminated Antarctic soils. Applied and environmental microbiology October: 5181-5185
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Saul, D.J. Aislabie, J.M. Brown, C.E. Harris, L. Foght, J.M. 2005 Hydrocarbon contamination changes the bacterial diversity of soil from around Scott Base, Antarctica. FEMS microbiology ecology 53: 141-155
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Wall, A. 2004. Use of TDR to determine moisture and temperature regimes in Antarctic soils in Antarctic Soils. MSc thesis, University of Waikato, New Zealand.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Wall, A.M. Balks, M.R. Campbell, D.I. Paetzold, R.F. 2004 Soil moisture measurement in the Ross Sea region of Antarctica using Hydra soil moisture probes. Supersoil 2004. 3rd Australian and New Zealand Soils Conference, University of Sydney, Australia, 5-9 Dec 2004. Singh, B.(ed), Published on CDROM. Website: www.regional.org.au/au/asssi/
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Balks, M. Kimble, J. Paetzold, R. Aislabie, J. Campbell, I. 2000 Effects of hydrocarbon contaminants on the temperature and moisture regimes of cryosols of the Ross Sea region, Antarctica. Contaminants in Freezing Ground. Collected proceedings of 2nd International Conference, 2-5 July, 2000, Cambridge University.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Balks, M.R. Paetzold, R.F. Kimble, J.M. Aislabie, J. Campbell, I.B. 2002 Effects of hydrocarbon spills on the temperature and moisture regimes of Cryosols in the Ross Sea region. Antarctic science 14(4): 319-326
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Balks, E.R. Balks, M.R. 2000 GPS surveying in Antarctica. Survey quarterly 24: 32-34
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19990104
Ending_Date: 19990118
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 166.75
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 166.75
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.85
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.85
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 163.83
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 163.83
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.43
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.43
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 161.7
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 161.7
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.4667
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -77.4667
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD INSTRUMENT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: PROJECT
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS > OIL SPILLS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > CARBON
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > MICRONUTRIENTS/TRACE ELEMENTS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > NITROGEN
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > PHOSPHORUS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > POTASSIUM
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > SOIL MOISTURE/WATER CONTENT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > SOIL PH
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > MICROFLORA
Theme_Keyword: FIELD SURVEYS
Theme_Keyword: GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS
Theme_Keyword: FIELD INVESTIGATION
Theme_Keyword: SOIL SAMPLER
Theme_Keyword: CALM > CIRCUMPOLAR ACTIVE LAYER MONITORING PROGRAM
Theme_Keyword: LGP > LATITUDINAL GRADIENT PROJECT
Theme_Keyword: EBA > EVOLUTION AND BIODIVERSITY IN THE ANTARCTIC
Theme_Keyword: ANTPAS > ANTARCTIC PERMAFROST AND SOILS
Theme_Keyword: Oil Contamination
Theme_Keyword: Hydro-carbon Degrading Microbes
Theme_Keyword: BIOTA
Theme_Keyword: ENVIRONMENT
Theme_Keyword: GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > SCOTT BASE
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > MARBLE POINT
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > BULL PASS
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
Access_Constraints: Accessible through contact with investigators if not available online
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: JACKIE AISLABIE
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: MEGAN BALKS
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Landcare Research New Zealand Ltd
Address: Private Bag 3127
City: Hamilton
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Department of Earth and Ocean Sciences
Address: School of Science and Engineering
Address: University of Waikato
Address: Private Bag 3105
City: Hamilton
Postal_Code: 2001
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 7 858 3713
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 7 838 4466 Ext 6322
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 7 858 4964
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 7 838 4218
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: aislabiej@landcareresearch.co.nz
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: m.balks@waikato.ac.nz
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Some soil samples and cultures still exist and are stored at Landcare Research, New Zealand. For more information on these samples and other collected data, please contact the investigator(s) or refer to the publications.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NZ/NZAI/ANZ > Antarctica New Zealand, New Zealand Antarctic Institute, New Zealand
Contact_Person: SHULAMIT GORDON
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.gordon@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Resource_Description: K123_1998_1999_NZ_1
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Not Available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.antarcticanz.govt.nz/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://gis.massey.landcare.cri.nz/rsr/soils/
Access_Instructions:
Online Ross Sea Region GIS mapping data
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/
Access_Instructions:
Accession Numbers for identified bacteria: DQ365987-DQ365994, DQ365999-DQ366006, DQ366009-DQ366012, DQ366014-DQ366018, AY571818, AY571845, Clone Genbank Accession No. for Acidobacteria, Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Proteobacteria, Deinococcus-Thermus, Firmicutes, Cyanobacteria and Candidate TM7 see: Aislabie, J.M. Jordan, S. Barker, G.M. 2008 Relation between soil classification and bacterial diversity in soils of the Ross Sea region, Antarctica. Geoderma 144: 9-20 doi: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2007.10.006
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.landcareresearch.co.nz
Access_Instructions:
Contact investigator for access to existing samples at Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research
Fees: Not Available
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20090115
Metadata_Review_Date: 20090115
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: CEISHA POIROT
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: SHULAMIT GORDON
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Antarctica New Zealand
Address: Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Voice_Telephone: +64 3 358 0200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: +64 3 358 0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: c.poirot@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: s.gordon@antarcticanz.govt.nz
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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