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Atmosphere-Ocean Model Simulations: 1950-2099

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: G. Russell
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Atmosphere-Ocean Model Simulations: 1950-2099
Edition:
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form:
Series_Information:
Series_Name:
Issue_Identification:
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: New York City, NY, USA
Publisher: NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies
Other_Citation_Details:
Online_Linkage: http://aom.giss.nasa.gov/
Description:
Abstract:
[Source: NASA/GISS, http://aom.giss.nasa.gov/general.html ] The global coupled Atmosphere-Ocean Model was designed at GISS for climate predictions at decade to century time scales. Atmospheric Models at GISS have been under continual development since 1970; the Ocean and Coupled Models since 1990. The Atmosphere-Ocean Model is a computer program that simulates the Earth's climate in three dimensions on a gridded domain. The Model requires two kinds of input, specified parameters and prognostic variables, and generates two kinds of output, climate diagnostics and prognostic variables. The specified input parameters include physical constants, the Earth's orbital parameters, the Earth's atmospheric constituents, the Earth's topography, the Earth's surface distribution of ocean, glacial ice, or vegetation, and many others. The time varying prognostic variables include fluid mass, horizontal velocity, heat, water vapor, salt, and subsurface mass and energy fields. Each simulated month, the Model produces an output "D" file that contain numerous unscaled climate diagnostics. Subsequent programs read these D files and produce scaled climate variables. A 120-year control simulation (C023) of the 1995 version of the Atmosphere-Ocean Model was published in the Canadian journal "Atmosphere-Ocean". It and a companion 80-year experiment (C024) with compounded annual 1% CO2 increases were contributed to CMIP (Coupled Model Intercomparison Project) and to IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) for their "Second Scientific Assessment of Climate Change". For the 1999 version of the Atmosphere-Ocean Model, six 150-year simulations were run: C089 and C092 are control simulations with constant 1950 atmospheric composition; C090 and C093 use observed greenhouse gases from 1950 to 1990 and compounded annual .5% CO2 increases from 1991 to 2099; C091 and C094 use the varying greenhouse gases plus tropospheric sulfate aerosol changes. Annual .5% CO2 increases after 1990 were chosen because they match the current radiative forcing caused by all greenhouse gases [Hansen et al., 1998, "Climate forcings in the Industrial era"]. The model data, code and documentation can be downloaded from: http://aom.giss.nasa.gov/general.html
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: A complete list of references is in: "http://aom.giss.nasa.gov/publica.html"
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19500101
Ending_Date: 21000101
Currentness_Reference:Unknown
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -180.0
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 180.0
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 90.0
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -90.0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > AEROSOLS > AEROSOL OPTICAL DEPTH/THICKNESS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > AEROSOLS > SULFATE PARTICLES > TROPOSPHERIC SULFATE AEROSOL CHANGES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ALTITUDE > GEOPOTENTIAL HEIGHT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY > TRACE GASES/TRACE SPECIES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE > SEA LEVEL PRESSURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE > SURFACE PRESSURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE > AIR TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE > MAXIMUM/MINIMUM TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR > EVAPORATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR > HUMIDITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR > WATER VAPOR
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WINDS > SURFACE WINDS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > CLOUDS > CLOUD PROPERTIES > CLOUD FREQUENCY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > CLOUDS > CLOUD MICROPHYSICS > CLOUD OPTICAL DEPTH/THICKNESS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > PRECIPITATION AMOUNT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION > ALBEDO
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION > HEAT FLUX
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION > INCOMING SOLAR RADIATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION > OPTICAL DEPTH/THICKNESS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION > OUTGOING LONGWAVE RADIATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION > RADIATIVE FLUX
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION > RADIATIVE FORCING
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION > SHORTWAVE RADIATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION > SOLAR IRRADIANCE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION > SOLAR RADIATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SEA ICE > ICE EXTENT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SEA ICE > SEA ICE CONCENTRATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > CRYOSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > SNOW COVER
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SNOW/ICE > SNOW COVER
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > RUNOFF
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > LAND TEMPERATURE > LAND SURFACE TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > SOIL MOISTURE/WATER CONTENT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CIRCULATION > ADVECTION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CIRCULATION > CONVECTION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CIRCULATION > OCEAN CURRENTS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CIRCULATION > OCEAN MIXED LAYER
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CIRCULATION > THERMOHALINE CIRCULATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN HEAT BUDGET > ADVECTION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN HEAT BUDGET > HEAT FLUX
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN PRESSURE > SEA LEVEL PRESSURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN TEMPERATURE > OCEAN MIXED LAYER
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN TEMPERATURE > SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN WINDS > SURFACE WINDS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > SALINITY/DENSITY > SALINITY
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > SEA ICE > ICE EXTENT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > SEA SURFACE TOPOGRAPHY > SEA SURFACE HEIGHT
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > SEA ICE > SEA ICE CONCENTRATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY > CARBON AND HYDROCARBON COMPOUNDS > CARBON DIOXIDE
Theme_Keyword: GCM > GENERAL CIRCULATION MODEL
Theme_Keyword: Climate Models
Theme_Keyword: Climate Change
Theme_Keyword: Climate Forcings
Theme_Keyword: Planetary Albedo
Theme_Keyword: Surface Albedo
Theme_Keyword: Ocean Heat Transport
Theme_Keyword: Downward Net Heat Flux
Theme_Keyword: Latent Heat Flux
Theme_Keyword: Sensible Heat Flux
Theme_Keyword: Vertically Integrated Ocean Mass
Theme_Keyword: Vertically Integrated Ocean Salt
Theme_Keyword: Sea Ice Mass
Theme_Keyword: Convective Precipitation
Theme_Keyword: Specific Humidity
Theme_Keyword: Thermal Radiation
Theme_Keyword: Snow Accumulation
Theme_Keyword: Vertically Integrated Soil Moisture
Theme_Keyword: Ocean Surface Salinity
Theme_Keyword: Ground Temperature
Theme_Keyword: Vertically Integrated Liquid Ocean Mass Flux
Theme_Keyword: Sea Ice Mass Flux
Theme_Keyword: Surface Wind Speed
Theme_Keyword: Ocean Surface Height
Theme_Keyword: Tems
Theme_Keyword: Gtos
Theme_Keyword: G3os
Theme_Keyword: CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
Theme_Keyword: ELEVATION
Theme_Keyword: GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
Theme_Keyword: INLAND WATERS
Theme_Keyword: OCEANS
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: GEOGRAPHIC REGION > GLOBAL
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: DR. GARY L. RUSSELL
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: NASA/Goddard Institute for Space Studies
Address: 2880 Broadway
City: New York
State_or_Province: NY
Postal_Code: 10025
Country: USA
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gary.l.russell@nasa.gov
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NASA/GSFC/SED/ESD/GISS > Goddard Institute for Space Studies, Earth Sciences Division, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA
Contact_Person: DR. GARY L. RUSSELL
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: NASA/Goddard Institute for Space Studies
Address: 2880 Broadway
City: New York
State_or_Province: NY
Postal_Code: 10025
Country: USA
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gary.l.russell@nasa.gov
Resource_Description: C089
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ASCII
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.giss.nasa.gov/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://aom.giss.nasa.gov/data.html
Access_Instructions:
Access to model generated data
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://aom.giss.nasa.gov/
Access_Instructions:
Access to AOM documentation
Fees: None
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 19990406
Metadata_Review_Date: 20090825
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: DR. GARY L. RUSSELL
Contact_Position: INVESTIGATOR
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: NASA/Goddard Institute for Space Studies
Address: 2880 Broadway
City: New York
State_or_Province: NY
Postal_Code: 10025
Country: USA
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gary.l.russell@nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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