Link to Web Site Portal Home
  [  Return to Record   ]

Site-Specific Soil-Carbon (S3C) Database for Mineral Soils of the Mississippi River Basin, USA

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: G.R. Buell, H.W. Markewich, R. Kulisek, S. Pollard, and T.T. Cook
Publication_Date: 2004
Title: Site-Specific Soil-Carbon (S3C) Database for Mineral Soils of the Mississippi River Basin, USA
Edition: 1.0
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: database
Series_Information:
Series_Name: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report
Issue_Identification:
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place:
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details:
Online_Linkage: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2004/1227/
Description:
Abstract:
The S3C database is a pedon[1]-based, site-specific, soil-organic-carbon (SOC) database for mineral soils of the Mississippi River basin. The included soil-carbon and related ancillary data are for 9,215 pedons that were described and sampled by various agencies between 1928 and 1995 and represent 2,719 of the 22,517 officially described soil series catalogued by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, National Soil Survey Center, Lincoln, NE (Soil Survey Staff, 2003). The S3C database was originally developed for use in USGS terrestrial-carbon cycling studies in the Mississippi River basin (Sundquist and others, 1998) as part of the U.S. Global Change Research Program, Global Carbon Cycle Program Element ("http://www.usgcrp.gov/usgcrp/ProgramElements/carbon.htm"). The USGS studies were designed to characterize systems across spatial scales ranging from hillslopes to small watersheds to the large-river systems that comprise the Mississippi River basin. These studies included (1) measurement of SOC erosion, deposition, and transformation at the field scale, (2) measurement and modelling of SOC and sediment transport at the small-watershed scale, and (3) measurement, modelling, and statistical analysis of environmental controls on the geographic distribution of SOC at the large-basin scale. The S3C database includes both pedon-level and horizon-level data with values for organic carbon, carbonate, bulk density, particle size (total sand, silt, and clay), texture class, pH, water content, and soil volume (particles <2 mm diameter). SOC mass storage (kg m-2) was calculated for each soil horizon and, at the pedon level, for the following standard depth intervals?0 to10, 0 to 20, 0 to 50, 0 to 100, 10 to 20, 20 to 50, and 50 to 100 centimeters. Mass-weighted mean values for carbonate, bulk density, particle size and texture class, pH, water content, and soil volume were also calculated for the standard intervals. The horizon-level data are provided for those interested in the study of site-specific carbon-cycling processes. The pedon-level data are provided for those interested in regional analysis and modelling. The S3C database was compiled from the following sources: 1. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, National Soil Characterization Database (U.S. Department of Agriculture, 2001?7,821 pedons, 1938 to 1995, geographic coverage?basinwide); 2. two surveys of high-elevation soils in the Southern Blue Ridge (Fenneman, 1938) physiographic province (Daniels and others, 1987a, b?8 pedons, Graham County, North Carolina; Feldman, 1989, 2000, Feldman and others, 1991a, b?37 pedons, Swain and Yancey Counties, North Carolina, Sevier County, Tennessee, Grayson and Smyth Counties, Virginia); 3. University of Arkansas, Soil Characterization Database (University of Arkansas, 2000?495 pedons, 1955 to 1992, Arkansas statewide); 4. University of Illinois, Soil Characterization Database (University of Illinois, 2001?778 pedons, 1928 to 1990, Illinois statewide); and 5. a survey of flood-plain and delta soils in the Mississippi Alluvial Plain (Fenneman, 1938) physiographic province (Schumacher and others, 1988?76 pedons, Louisiana statewide). The data sources, methods, and formulas used to estimate SOC storage and inventory for these soils are discussed in Buell and Markewich (in press). The S3C database will be updated as significant ?blocks? of new data are received, checked for accuracy, standardized, and merged. The database is downloadable through the links on this page. Three data files (pedon01, horiz01, and taxon01) are provided in Microsoft Access 2000 and tab-delimited ASCII formats (compressed in ZIP or TGZ volumes below). The database dictionaries are provided in Microsoft Excel 2000 (pedvar.xls, hznvar.xls, and taxvar.xls) and HTML (pedvar.htm, hznvar.htm, and taxvar.htm) formats. The database dictionaries are also included in the field definition column of each Access data table (pedon01, horiz01, and taxon01). The footnote references for the field definitions are included in the Access version of the database as separate tables (pedon01-footnotes, horiz01-footnotes, and taxon01-footnotes). The pedon file (pedon01) contains site-level data such as soil series name and geographic location as well as SOC storage and related ancillary data for standard depth intervals; the horizon file (horiz01) contains the physical and chemical characterization data for individual soil horizons; and the soil-taxonomy file (taxon01) contains the descriptive data for all of the soil series presently described by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, National Soil Survey Center, Lincoln, Nebraska. The entire soil-series database was included in the taxonomy file to facilitate updates to the pedon and horizon files. As the pedon and horizon files are updated, data for previously unrepresented soil series will likely be added. It is the authors? intent that these data will be helpful to those involved in ecological studies, environmental assessments, and landuse planning efforts that require the use of SOC data. [Summary provided by the USGS.]
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Buell, G.R. and Markewich, H.W., in press, Data compilation, synthesis, and calculations used for organic-carbon storage and inventory estimates for mineral soils of the Mississippi River basin, chap. A of Markewich, H.M., ed., Soil-carbon storage and inventory for the continental United States: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1686.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Daniels, W.L., Everett, C.J., and Zelazny, L.W., 1987a, Virgin hardwood forest soils of the southern Appalachian Mountains: I. Soil morphology and geomorphology: Soil Science Society of America Journal, v. 51, p. 722-729.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Daniels, W.L., Everett, C.J., and Zelazny, L.W., 1987b, Virgin hardwood forest soils of the southern Appalachian Mountains: II. Weathering, mineralogy, and chemical properties: Soil Science Society of America Journal, v. 51, p. 730-738.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Feldman, S.B. 1989, Taxonomy, genesis, and parent material distribution of high elevation forest soils in the southern Appalachians: unpublished M.S. thesis, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA, Appendix B
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Feldman, S.B., 2000, unpublished data, provided to USGS in 2000.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Feldman, S.B., Zelazny, L.W., and Baker, J.C., 1991a, High-elevation forest soils of the southern Appalachians: I. Distribution of parent materials and soil-landscape relationships: Soil Science Society of America Journal, v. 55, p. 1629-1637.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Feldman, S.B., Zelazny, L.W., and Baker, J.C., 1991b, High-elevation forest soils of the southern Appalachians: II. Geomorphology, pedogenesis, and clay mineralogy: Soil Science Society of America Journal, v. 55, p. 1782-1791.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Fenneman, 1938, Physiography of eastern United States: New York and London, McGraw-Hill Book Company, 714 p.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Schumacher, B.A., Day, W.J., Amacher, M.C., and Miller, B.J., 1988, Soils of the Mississippi River alluvial plain in Louisiana: Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin No. 796, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, 275 p.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Soil Survey Staff, 1999, Soil taxonomy, a basic system of soil classification for making and interpreting soil surveys, 2nd ed.: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, Agriculture Handbook Number 436, 870 p.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Soil Survey Staff, 2003, Official soil series descriptions: U.S Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, National Soil Survey Center, Lincoln, NE, accessed June 4, 2003 at URL &http://soils.usda.gov/technical/classification/osd/index.html&.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: Sundquist, E.T., Stallard, R.F., Bliss, N.B., Markewich, H.M., Harden, J.W., Pavich, M.J., and Dean, Jr., W.E., 1998, Mississippi Basin carbon project science plan: U.S. Geological Ssurvey Open-File Report 98-0177, accessed April 21, 2004 at URL &http://geochange.er.usgs.gov/pub/info/plans/mbcp/index.shtml&.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, 2001, National Soil Characterization Database, accessed September 1, 2001, at URL &http://ssldata.nrcs.usda.gov/&.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: University of Arkansas, 2000, unpublished data, Soil Characterization Laboratory, Fayetteville, AR, provided to USGS, 1999-2000.
Supplemental_Information:
REFERENCE: University of Illinois, 2001, Soil Characterization Database, Soil Characterization Laboratory, Urbana-Champaign, IL, accessed February 15, 2001, at URL &http://www.il.nrcs.usda.gov/technical/soils/soil_lab.html&.
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -177.1
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -61.48
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 76.63
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 13.71
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > CARBON
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > MICRONUTRIENTS/TRACE ELEMENTS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > SOIL CLASSIFICATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > SOIL PH
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > SOILS > SOIL TEXTURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > DRAINAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > HYDROPATTERN
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > LAKES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > RIVERS/STREAMS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > WATER CHANNELS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > WATERSHED CHARACTERISTICS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > WETLANDS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > CARBON
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > MICRONUTRIENTS/TRACE ELEMENTS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > SOIL CLASSIFICATION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > SOIL PH
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > SOILS > SOIL TEXTURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > TOPOGRAPHY > LANDFORMS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > ROCKS/MINERALS/CRYSTALS > SEDIMENTS
Theme_Keyword: Soil
Theme_Keyword: Mineral Soil
Theme_Keyword: Soc Erosion
Theme_Keyword: Soc Deposition
Theme_Keyword: Soc Transformation
Theme_Keyword: Sediment Modeling
Theme_Keyword: Large-basin Scale
Theme_Keyword: FARMING
Theme_Keyword: BIOTA
Theme_Keyword: ELEVATION
Theme_Keyword: GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
Theme_Keyword: IMAGERY/BASE MAPS/EARTH COVER
Theme_Keyword: INLAND WATERS
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > MISSISSIPPI > MISSISSIPPI RIVER BASIN
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: GARY BUELL
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: U.S. Geological Survey
Address: National Water Quality Assessment Program
Address: 3039 Amwiler Road
Address: Peachtree business Center, Suite 130
City: Peachtree
State_or_Province: ATLANTA
Postal_Code: 30360-2824
Country: GEORGIA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 770-903-9160
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: grbuell@usgs.gov
Back to Top
Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
Back to Top
Spatial_Reference_Information:
Back to Top
Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: DOI/USGS/PUBS/ER/PW/OFS > Open File Services Section, Publications Warehouse, Eastern Region, Publications, U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Department of the Interior
Contact_Person: USGS OPEN-FILE SERVICES SECTION
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: USGS Information Services
Address: Open-File Services Section
Address: Box 25286
Address: Federal Center
City: Denver
State_or_Province: CO
Postal_Code: 80225-0286
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 303-202-4200
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 303-202-4210
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 303-202-4188
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: infoservices@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: USGS_OFR_2004_1227
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ASCII
Format_Name: MS Access
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://www.usgcrp.gov/usgcrp/ProgramElements/carbo...
Access_Instructions:
The Global Carbon Cycle: USGCRP Program Element.
Fees: No Fees
Fees: No Fees
Back to Top
Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20040927
Metadata_Review_Date: 20080530
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: GARY BUELL
Contact_Position: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: U.S. Geological Survey
Address: National Water Quality Assessment Program
Address: 3039 Amwiler Road
Address: Peachtree business Center, Suite 130
City: Peachtree
State_or_Province: ATLANTA
Postal_Code: 30360-2824
Country: GEORGIA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 770-903-9160
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: grbuell@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
Back to Top

  [  Return to Record   ]

Link to NASA website
Responsible NASA Official:   Lola Olsen
Webmaster:   Monica Holland   ·  Contact GCMD User Support for assistance