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An Assessment of Volcanic Threat and Monitoring Capabilities in the United States: Framework for a National Volcano Early Warning System

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: John W. Ewert, Marianne Guffanti, Thomas L. Murray
Publication_Date: 20050401
Title: An Assessment of Volcanic Threat and Monitoring Capabilities in the United States: Framework for a National Volcano Early Warning System
Edition: 1.0
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: online files
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open File Report
Issue_Identification:
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place:
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details:
Online_Linkage: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2005/1164/
Description:
Abstract:
A National Volcano Early Warning System NVEWS is being formulated by the Consortium of U.S. Volcano Observatories (CUSVO) to establish a proactive, fully integrated, national-scale monitoring effort that ensures the most threatening volcanoes in the United States are properly monitored in advance of the onset of unrest and at levels commensurate with the threats posed. Volcanic threat is the combination of hazards (the destructive natural phenomena produced by a volcano) and exposure (people and property at risk from the hazards). The United States has abundant volcanoes, and over the past 25 years the Nation has experienced a diverse range of the destructive phenomena that volcanoes can produce. Hazardous volcanic activity will continue to occur, and because of increasing population, increasing development, and expanding national and international air traffic over volcanic regions the exposure of human life and enterprise to volcano hazards is increasing. Fortunately, volcanoes exhibit precursory unrest that if detected and analyzed in time allows eruptions to be anticipated and communities at risk to be forewarned with reliable information in sufficient time to implement response plans and mitigation measures. In the 25 years since the cataclysmic eruption of Mount St. Helens, scientific and technological advances in volcanology have been used to develop and test models of volcanic behavior and to make reliable forecasts of expected activity a reality. Until now, these technologies and methods have been applied on an ad hoc basis to volcanoes showing signs of activity. However, waiting to deploy a robust, modern monitoring effort until a hazardous volcano awakens and an unrest crisis begins is socially and scientifically unsatisfactory because it forces scientists, civil authorities, citizens, and businesses into playing catch up with the volcano, trying to get instruments and civil-defense measures in place before the unrest escalates and the situation worsens. Inevitably, this manner of response results in our missing crucial early stages of the volcanic unrest and hampers our ability to accurately forecast events. Restless volcanoes do not always progress to eruption; nevertheless, monitoring is necessary in such cases to minimize either over-reacting, which costs money, or under-reacting, which may cost lives. [Summary provided by the USGS.]
Purpose:
Not Available
Supplemental_Information:
Not Available
Status:
Progress: In Work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -177.1
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -61.48
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 76.63
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 13.71
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD SCIENCE PARAMETERS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD PLATFORM
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ANCILLARY KEYWORDS
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO TOPIC CATEGORY
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: DATA SET LANGUAGE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > NATURAL HAZARDS > EARTHQUAKES > VOLCANOES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > TECTONICS > VOLCANIC ACTIVITY > ERUPTION DYNAMICS
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > TECTONICS > VOLCANIC ACTIVITY > ERUPTION DYNAMICS > LAVA COMPOSITION/TEXTURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > TECTONICS > VOLCANIC ACTIVITY > ERUPTION DYNAMICS > MAGMA COMPOSITION/TEXTURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > TECTONICS > VOLCANIC ACTIVITY > ERUPTION DYNAMICS > PYROCLASTICS COMPOSITION/TEXTURE
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > TECTONICS > VOLCANIC ACTIVITY > ERUPTION DYNAMICS > ASH/DUST COMPOSITION
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > TECTONICS > VOLCANIC ACTIVITY > ERUPTION DYNAMICS > VOLCANIC GASES
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > NATURAL HAZARDS > VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS
Theme_Keyword: FIELD INVESTIGATION
Theme_Keyword: Ofr
Theme_Keyword: Open File Report
Theme_Keyword: Natural Hazards
Theme_Keyword: Volcano
Theme_Keyword: Mount St. Helens
Theme_Keyword: GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
Theme_Keyword: ENGLISH
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GCMD
Place_Keyword: CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Access_Constraints: Not Available
Use_Constraints:
Not Available
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Not Available
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Not Available
Completeness_Report:
Not Available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Not Available
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: DOI/USGS/PUBS/ER/PW/OFS > Open File Services Section, Publications Warehouse, Eastern Region, Publications, U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Department of the Interior
Contact_Person: USGS OPEN-FILE SERVICES SECTION
Contact_Position: DATA CENTER CONTACT
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: USGS Information Services
Address: Open-File Services Section
Address: Box 25286
Address: Federal Center
City: Denver
State_or_Province: CO
Postal_Code: 80225-0286
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 303-202-4200
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 303-202-4210
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 303-202-4188
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: infoservices@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: USGS_OFR_2005_1164
Distribution_Liability:
Not Available
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/
Access_Instructions:
DATA CENTER URL
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2005/1164/2005-1164.pdf
Access_Instructions:
Report for An Assessment of Volcanic Threat and Monitoring Capabilities in the United States: Framework for a National Volcano Early Warning System.
Fees: No Fees
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20050502
Metadata_Review_Date: 20130211
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: TYLER B. STEVENS
Contact_Position: DIF AUTHOR
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Address: Global Change Master Directory
City: Greenbelt
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20771
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (301) 614-6898
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 301-614-5268
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: Tyler.B.Stevens@nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
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