Data Center Description
The Geological Survey of Hokkaido (GSH) was established in 1950 in the Department of Commerce and Industry, Hokkaido Government, in order to develop abundant geologic resources in the vast land of Hokkaido. At first, this survey was involved in researching for minerals, coal, petroleum, all of which are necessary for reconstruction of Japan after World War II.
Since then, internationalization of mineral resource, diversification of energy utilization and more conscious of conservation of the land and the environment, have demanded wider range of geological researching. In response to such change in social circumstances and demand from society, the survey has been studying not only fuel and metal deposits, but also development and preservation of water resources, geothermal hot springs.
During the researching, the survey has also been making geological maps, which are basis of various researching. As the results, Hokkaido has become the remarkable area where geological mapping on a scale of 1:50,000 is the most advanced in Japan.
Recently, researching for resource development and environmental problem fitting for local needs is on demand. Furthermore, researching for the development of new resources in the sea, and surveys of active faults, are of importance.
The Geological Survey of Hokkaido respond to the local demands by Department of Regional Geology where researching for resources development and prevention for disaster related geology are doing, and Department of Environmental Geology where evaluation of geothermal and underground water and the geological environmental problems are dealt with, and Department of Marine Geoscience, is located in Otaru City, where the marine development, utilization and prevention in coastal area of Hokkaido. The survey has also an information sub-section in the Department of General Affairs to deal with geological data.