Kellogg Biological Station, Long-Term Ecological Research Network Office
Data Center Description
The Kellogg Biological Station (KBS) Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) Site is part of the national LTER Network established by the U.S. National Science Foundation in 1980. The Network is made up of 20 sites at which long-term research in ecology and environmental biology provides a better understanding of ecological phenomena in both natural and managed ecosystems. A broad variety of ecosystems are represented in the Network, including tundra, forest, grassland, desert, wetland, and urban sites. KBS joined the network in 1988 to represent the agricultural or row-crop ecosystem.
Research at the KBS LTER site is directed towards understanding ecological interactions underlying the productivity of both annual and perennial field crops. These include corn, soybean, and wheat rotations as well as forage crops such as alfalfa, and agroforestry crops such as poplars. Contrasts with natural forest and old field (successional) sites provide important points of comparison for gauging the effects of intensive management on the ecology of organisms in modern field crop ecosystems.