The Institute was formally established under the UNDP?s Special Fund Project as the Institute of Tropical Meteorology (ITM) at Pune on November 17, 1962 as a distinct part of the India Meteorological Department (IMD). On April 1, 1971, the Government of India gave it an autonomous status with a new name as the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM). The IITM functions under the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India.
The Atmospheric Science has been recognised as an important area of research due to its impact on various human activities, specially agriculture and earth?s environment. Hence, the objectives of the Institute are set forth to undertake and encourage research aimed at advancing the present knowledge in Atmospheric Sciences by identifying, planning, collaborating and conducting research programmes on problems of national and international importance.
The IITM functions as a national centre for basic and applied research in monsoon meteorology of the tropics in general with special reference to monsoon meteorology of India and neighbourhood. Its primary functions are to promote, guide and conduct research in the field of meteorology in all its aspects.
A Governing Council, constituted by the Government of India and headed by the Director General of Meteorology, is at the top of the administrative structure for the Institute in an advisory capacity overseeing the policy directions and related issues, while the Director has executive functions with day-to-day administrative control. The following are the members of the Governing Council currently in charge:
1.Dr. R.R. Kelkar, Director General of Meteorology, India Meteorological Department (Chairman) 2.Prof. Sulochana Gadgil, Indian Institute of Science, Banagalore 3.Dr. G.B. Pant, Director, IITM 4.Dr. S.K. Dubey, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi 5.Mr. V.K. Asrani, Administrative Officer, IITM (Non-Member Secretary)