The Canadian Forest Service (CFS, of Natural Resources Canada (NRCan), is a key national research agency which provides both the scientific basis and strategic direction for ensuring sustainability of our forests. It conducts science and technology research to promote the sustainable development and competitiveness of Canada's forest sector; as well, it has mandates in policy, international affairs, economics and trade, and aboriginal and federal lands. The CFS comprises five national research centres, a headquarters office in Ottawa, and two experimental research forests, the Petawawa Research Forest in Chalk River Ontario, and the Acadia Research Forest outside of Fredericton, New Brunswick.
The Atlantic Forestry Centre is one of the five CFS research centres. It plays a vital role in regional and national forestry research programs. Its facilities are located in both Fredericton, New Brunswick and Corner Brook, Newfoundland. The Fredericton site, which forms an integral part of the Hugh John Flemming Forestry Centre, includes state-of-the-art research laboratories, a comprehensive insect and disease collection facility, and a sophisticated climate-controlled greenhouse/nursery complex. Researchers here are investigating, among other things, new methods of pest management (biological control), forest health, gene conservation to preserve biodiversity, somatic embryogenesis and gene manipulation to improve timber production, effects of air pollution and climate change, and computer-based management planning tools for decision making.
The Corner Brook personnel are housed in the Sir Wilfred Grenfell College Forest Centre. Research here focuses on elucidating forest ecosystems, conserving the natural diversity of our forests, maintaining and increasing their productive capacity, and providing for their continued renewal. The latest remote sensing and geographic information systems technologies are being developed to monitor change and assess damagea.
Responsibility for the Acadia Research Forest, where permanent research plots are located, rests with the Atlantic Forestry Centre. As well, a presence is maintained in Truro, Nova Scotia to provide policy input and client contact for both Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island.
In addition to the research programs, staff at the Atlantic Forestry Centre are responsible for delivering the regional components of the First Nations Forestry Program and the Model Forest Program.
The Atlantic Forestry Centre employs approximately 90 research and technical staff and an additional 40 to 50 support and operational staff.
Science and Technology Networks
The CFS science and technology program is delivered through ten national networks. Each of the CFS research centres leads two or more of these S&T networks. In cooperation with provincial and territorial governments, industry, universities, First Peoples, public interest groups and other forest sector stakeholders, the CFS networks design and deliver research programs in strategic national and international areas.
Through efficient pooling of expertise and resources, CFS and its network partners contribute to the advancement of sustainable forest management, specifically the development of best practices, for the benefit of present and future generations.
The Atlantic Forestry Centre provides scientific and technical leadership for the Forest Health Network and the Forest Biodiversity Network. Regardless of their specific locations, the networks are national and international in scope.
Although staff of the Atlantic Forestry Centre participate in most of the CFS S&T network programs, the lead CFS establishments for the eight other S&T networks are:
- Climate Change (Northern Forestry Centre, Edmonton)
- Forest Ecosystems Processes Network (shared between the Laurentian Forestry Centre, Sainte-Foy and the Ontario Forestry Centre, Sault Ste. Marie)
- Effects of Forestry Practices Network (Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria)
- Forest Landscape Management Network (Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria)
- Fire Management Network (Northern Forestry Centre, Edmonton)
- Pest Management Methods Network (Ontario Forestry Centre, Sault Ste.Marie)
- Pest Management Methods Network (Ontario Forestry Centre, Sault Ste. Marie)
- Tree Biotechnology & Advanced Genetics Network (Laurentian Forestry Centre, Sainte-Foy)
- Socio-economics Research Network (Northern Forestry Centre, Edmonton)