Data Center Description
The Commonwealth Bureau of Meteorologywas established under the Meteorology Act of 1906 by formally bringing together the individual colonial/State Meteorological Services that had existed prior to that time. It commenced operation as a Commonwealth agency on 1 January 1908. Following the repeal of the Meteorology Act of 1906, the Bureau was formally reestablished, under the charge of the Director of Meteorology, by the Meteorology Act of 1955. This act provides the explicit legal basis and the basic charter for its operation. It is established by the Act as a primarily public interest agency but with the power to make charges for specialised services to individual users and user groups.
The Bureau currently operates as an Executive Agency within the Environment and Heritage Portfolio.
The Bureau's Head Office in Melbourne serves as both an administrative and operational headquarters. It provides overall national startegic planning, management and coordination of the Burea's integrated observations, telecommunications and computing infrastructure and its weather, climate and hydrological services. It also includes the National Climate Centre, the Bureau of Meteorology Training Centre and the Bureau of Meteorology Research Centre.
Regional Offices are located in each State capital and in Darwin. Each Regional Office includes a Regional Forecasting Centre and a Flood Warning Centre, and the Perth, Darwin and Brisbane offices also house Tropical Cyclone Warning Centres. The Darwin office also serves as the Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre. These offices are responsible for all the operational and service activities in the State or Territory concerned.
The Bureau maintains a network of field offices across the Australian continent, on neighboring islands and in Antarctica, as well as national networks of some 500 paid cooperative observers and approximately 6000 voluntary rainfall observers.