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Instrument: VISSR : Visible and Infrared Spin Scan Radiometer
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Associated Platforms
SMS-2
SMS-1
GOES-1
GOES-2
GOES-3

Spectral/Frequency Information
Wavelength Keyword: Infrared > Thermal
Number Channels: 1
Spectral/Frequency Coverage/Range: 10.5 μm - 12.6 μm (GOES-1, SMS-1, SMS-2)

Wavelength Keyword: Visible
Number Channels: 1
Spectral/Frequency Coverage/Range: 0.55 μm - 0.70 μm (GOES-1, SMS-1, SMS-2)

Wavelength Keyword: Infrared > Thermal
Number Channels: 1
Spectral/Frequency Coverage/Range: 10.5 μm - 12.5 μm (GOES-2 and GOES-3)

Wavelength Keyword: Visible
Number Channels: 1
Spectral/Frequency Coverage/Range: 0.55 μm - 0.75 μm (GOES-2 and GOES-3)

Related Data Sets
View all records related to this instrument


Description
The VISSR, flown on SMS-1 and 2, and GOES-1 through 3, was a dual-band (visible and infrared) spin-scanning imaging device utilized for day and night, two-dimensional, cloud cover pictures from a geosynchronous altitude. This sensor permitted day/night observations of clouds and the determination of temperatures, cloud heights, and wind fields. It consisted of one visible channel (.55 to .70um) and one infrared channel (10.5-12.6um). The ground resolution at nadir in the visible was 0.8km while the infrared was much lower at 7km. The swath width is the Earth disc.

Entry taken from:

Colwell, R.N. (Editor-in-Chief), Manual of Remote Sensing: Second Edition,
Volumes I and II, American Society of Photogrammetry, 1983.
Cornillon, P., A Guide to Environmental Satellite Data, University of Rhode
Island Marine Technical Report 79, 1982.
Rao, P.K., S.J. Holmes, R.K. Anderson, J.S. Winston, and P.E. Lehr, Weather
Satellites: Systems, Data, and Environmental Applications, American
Meteorological Society, Boston, 1990. ISBN 0-933876-66-1

Online Resources
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/experimentDisplay.do?id=1975-100A-01
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/experimentDisplay.do?id=1977-048A-01
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/experimentDisplay.do?id=1978-062A-01
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1974-033A
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/experimentDisplay.do?id=1975-011A-04
http://www.oso.noaa.gov/goes/
http://www.raytheon.com/products/vissr/

Instrument Logistics
Instrument Owner: USA/NOAA
USA/NASA