The Russian space station MIR was launched in 1986, providing opportunities in many scientific areas. Planning for an environmental remote sensing module began in the mid-1980's which was later ... called PRIRODA (Russian for "Nature"). The PRIRODA module was launched from Baykonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan aboard a Proton-K rocket on April 23, 1996. The PRIRODA module docked with the MIR space station on April 26, 1996. The PRIRODA module consists of a passive microwave package (IKAR) consisting of 3 instuments: IKAR-N, IKAR-D, and IKAR-P; an active microwave Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR); and the following optical instruments: an infrared ISTOK-1 from Russia, Czechia, MOS-A and MOSD-B imaging radiometers from Germany, MOMS-2P high resolution multispectral ans stereo scanner from Germany, MSU-SK and MSU-E multispectral scanners from Russia, a TV-camera, and an OZONE-M ozone profiler. The PRIRODA mission is conducted by the Russian Space Agency (RKA), the Institute for Radioelectronics of the Russian Acadamy of Sciences, and RKK ENERGIA. International participants include Belorussia, Bulgaria, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Russia, Switzerland, Ukraine, and USA.