Georeferenced Population Data Sets of Mexico

Project Description
GIS of Mexican states, municipalities, and islands, 1990, in Arc/Info
export format. In this dataset, the boundaries of the Mexican
states and municipalites that share borders with the United
States are consistent with those from TIGER95. Attributes
include selected demographic and socioeconomic variables from
INEGI.

Population growth is widely recognized as a key driving force behind
environmental change, especially in developing countries. Improving
understanding of the processes involved in population growth and the
environmental and socioeconomic factors associated with it is
therefore critical. Unfortunately, one barrier to better understanding
has been the lack of detailed subnational data on population
distribution and change and the difficulty of linking such data to
environmental and other datasets that do not conform with
administrative units.

In recognition of this problem, the Center for International Earth
Science Information Network (CIESIN) developed a population data
collection for Mexico, drawing on a unique set of georeferenced
population data and on Geographic Information System (GIS)
technology. Mexico is of particular interest because of its rapid
population growth and urbanization, diverse levels of development,
growing environmental problems, and potential vulnerability to global
environmental change.

The Georeferenced Population Data Sets of Mexico consists of the
following products: Population Database of Mexico; Urban Place,
Time-Series Population Spreadsheet of Mexico; Urban Place GIS Coverage
of Mexico; GIS Coverage of Mexican Localities; GIS Coverage of Mexican
States; GIS Coverage of Mexican Municipalities; and Raster Based GIS
Coverage of Mexican Population.

Included in the collection are approximately 100,000 records of
geographic and census items for Mexican states, municipalities, and
localities. The geographic records consist of state boundaries, place
names, geographic coordinates of more than 30,000 urban and
metropolitan places, and elevation data for more than 700 urban
places. The census records contain estimates of 1990 population
density, population by gender, and population by age bracket (below 6
years of age, between 6 and 14 years, and older than 15 years). For
706 selected urban localities, the population is traced back by
decades, from 1990 to 1921, based on census documents.