Project Description
LARC is an acronym, which stands for Laboratorio Antartico de Radiacion Cosmica
(Antarctic Laboratory for Cosmic Rays). LARC project started about ten years
ago as a uniquely Chilean project, but approximately five years ago the
cosmic-ray section of IFSI/CNR was called to collaborate with the Chilean
researchers both for experimental and theoretical works. A detailed Proposal
entitled Cosmic Rays in Antarctica was submitted to the Italian Antarctic
Research Program (PNRA/MURST, 1992-96) and it was approved. The Italian
counterpart joined the project in November 1993 through the signature of a
formal agreement (convention) between the Chilean Laboratory for Cosmic Rays
(University of Chile - Santiago) and the Italian Project Cosmic Rays in the
Heliosphere (IFSI/CNR - Rome). Immediately, the agreement was submitted to the
INACH (Instituto Antartico Chileno) and to the PNRA. The Italy/Chile
collaboration is made in the frame of the International Decade for Scientific
Cupertino in Antarctica (1991-2000).

The main objective for the LARC project is the study of the cosmic-ray
radiation in the high-latitude southern Latin-American sector, which is not
covered by the worldwide network of cosmic-ray detectors. A standard super
neutron monitor (6-NM-64 type - IQSY detector) is operating on King George
Island (South Shetland Island - Fildes Bay - Ardley Cove) since January 19,
1991. The place is the seat of the E. Frei Base and the Tte. Marsh airport with
Las Estrellas Village and a Meteorological Center.