LABORATORIO ANTARTICO DE RADIACION COSMICA

Project Description
LARC is an acronym, which stands for Laboratorio Antartico de Radiacion Cosmica
(Antarctic Laboratory for Cosmic Rays). LARC project started about ten years
ago as a uniquely Chilean project, but approximately five years ago the
cosmic-ray section of IFSI/CNR was called to collaborate with the Chilean
researchers both for experimental and theoretical works. A detailed Proposal
entitled Cosmic Rays in Antarctica was submitted to the Italian Antarctic
Research Program (PNRA/MURST, 1992-96) and it was approved. The Italian
counterpart joined the project in November 1993 through the signature of a
formal agreement (convention) between the Chilean Laboratory for Cosmic Rays
(University of Chile - Santiago) and the Italian Project Cosmic Rays in the
Heliosphere (IFSI/CNR - Rome). Immediately, the agreement was submitted to the
INACH (Instituto Antartico Chileno) and to the PNRA. The Italy/Chile
collaboration is made in the frame of the International Decade for Scientific
Cupertino in Antarctica (1991-2000).

The main objective for the LARC project is the study of the cosmic-ray
radiation in the high-latitude southern Latin-American sector, which is not
covered by the worldwide network of cosmic-ray detectors. A standard super
neutron monitor (6-NM-64 type - IQSY detector) is operating on King George
Island (South Shetland Island - Fildes Bay - Ardley Cove) since January 19,
1991. The place is the seat of the E. Frei Base and the Tte. Marsh airport with
Las Estrellas Village and a Meteorological Center.