Project DescriptionAntarctica has great value as a natural laboratory for scientific research on issues of global relevance. Unless your natural features can be preserved from pollution and increasing unrest due primarily to significant human activity, scientific activity could be seriously restricted. The sensitivity of the Antarctic marine and terrestrial environments indicates that special precautions must be taken to preserve them.
Since the ratification of the Protocol to the Antarctic Treaty on Environmental Protection, or the Madrid Protocol (National Law No. 24,216), the Treaty system was reinforced by a series of rules that involve the commitment of the parties in the overall protection of the environment and its dependent and associated ecosystems and designated Antarctica as a natural reserve, devoted to peace and science.
Environmental protection of Antarctica has two goals: one is related to the maintenance of high productivity and ecological relationships in the Southern Ocean, and the other with the maintenance of the environment in pristine condition. The main value to keep in Antarctica is its sole source of information virtually free of pollution or human, for geophysical, geological and biological useful to humanity