Orbiting Carbon Observatory
Project Description[Source: NASA Science Missions, http://science.nasa.gov/missions/oco-2/ ]
The Orbiting Carbon Observatory -2 (OCO-2) is based on the original OCO mission that was developed under the NASA Earth System Science Pathfinder (ESSP) Program Office and launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base on February 24, 2009. Before spacecraft separation, a launch vehicle anomaly occurred that prevented the OCO spacecraft from reaching injection orbit. The spacecraft was destroyed during re-entry. The Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) mission was authorized to enter a tailored formulation phase on March 8, 2010. As outlined in the Formulation Authorization Document, the OCO-2 Project is directed to make every effort “to duplicate the original OCO design using identical hardware, drawings, documents, procedures, and software wherever possible and practical” to minimize cost risk, schedule risk, and performance risk.
For more information on the Earth System Science Pathfinder, see: http://science.nasa.gov/about-us/smd-programs/earth-system-science-...