Global Ocean Observing System

Project Description
The Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) is an international effort to
coordinate and foster long-term, routine, globally-relevant,
scientifically-based and systematic ocean observations and
GOOS is built upon research, and provides data for research, but is
not itself a research program. Rather, it is focussed on making use
of research, of applying knowledge for the public good, and of
motivating basic and applied research in topical areas.
Guided by the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC), the
World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the International Council of
Scientific Unions (ICSU), and the United Nations Environment Programme
(UNEP), the planning for GOOS is taking place within five specific
Climate Monitoring, Assessment, and Prediction
Monitoring and Assessment of Living Marine Resources
Monitoring of the Coastal Zone Environment and its Changes
Assessment and Prediction of the Health of the Ocean
Marine Meteorological and Operational Oceanographic Services
U.S. GOOS activities are contained within many U.S. agencies, including
NOAA, NSF, NASA, Navy (Office of Oceanographer and ONR), DOE, DOI,
EPA, and State. A U.S. GOOS Interagency Working Group coordinates
these activities.
The climate module is the leading candidate for implementation
by U.S. GOOS because it is the most well-developed in terms of
strategy, applications, and technology. The highest priority
within the climate module is the continuation of the TOGA Observing
System beyond its research phase (1984-1994) and into an operational
status for long-term provision of the data needed for forecasting of
El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events. Economic studies have
shown that the investment to obtain such observations and make such
predictions is returned many times over in benefits to the
agricultural sector in the U.S., plus additional benefits to other
sectors. At a lower priority within the climate module are the
long-term observations needed for the detection of climate change.
The second U.S. GOOS urgency is the development of an interagency
Coastal GOOS Program, including those aspects of all the GOOS modules
that are relevant near the coast. The coastal zone is under
increasing stress through population growth and land-use policies, yet
is also the region of major sea-borne commerce and living marine
resources. Balancing resources against development requires a strong
information base and predictive capability; GOOS is dedicated to
making this happen in a timely, affordable, and customer-oriented
For further information contact:
U.S. GOOS Interagency Working Group
1305 East-West Hwy
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3281
301-713-4392 FAX
Internet >
[This information is condensed from the U.S. GOOS World Wide Web pages.]
For further information, visit the international Global Ocean
Observing System Home Page at:
and the GOOS Project Office: