International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange

Project Description
The IOC’s International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange (IODE) was established in 1961 to enhance marine research, exploitation and development by facilitating the exchange of oceanographic data and information between participating Member States and by meeting the needs of users for data and information products.
Formally the IODE started out as a Working Group on Oceanographic Data Exchange which was created by the First IOC Assembly (19-27 October 1961) through Resolution I-9. The Working Group became a Working Committee in 1973 through Resolution VIII-31, adopted by the 8th Session of the IOC Assembly (5-17 November 1973).

The IODE system forms a worldwide service oriented network consisting of DNAs (Designated National Agencies), NODCs (National Oceanographic Data Centres), RNODCs (Responsible National Oceanographic Data Centres) and WDCs (World Data Centres – Oceanography). During the past 40 years, IOC Member States have established over 60 oceanographic data centres in as many countries.
This network has been able to collect, control the quality of, and archive millions of ocean observations, and makes these available to Member States.

With the advance of oceanography from a science dealing mostly with local processes to one that is also studying ocean basin and global processes, researchers depend critically on the availability of an international exchange system to provide data and information from all available sources. Additionally, scientists studying local processes benefit substantially from access to data collected by other Member States in their area of interest. The economic benefit of obtaining data by exchange as opposed to collecting it oneself is huge.
The main objectives of the IODE Programme are :

(i) to facilitate and promote the exchange of all marine data and information including metadata, products and information in real-time, near real time and delayed mode;

(ii) to ensure the long term archival, management and services of all marine data and information;

(iii) to promote the use of international standards, and develop or help in the development of standards and methods for the global exchange of marine data and information, using the most appropriate information management and information technology;

(iv) to assist Member States to acquire the necessary capacity to manage marine data and information and become partners in the IODE network; and

(v) to support international scientific and operational marine programmes of IOC and WMO and their sponsor organisations with advice and data management services.

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