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Instrument: AMSR-E : Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer-EOS
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Associated Platforms
ADEOS-II
AQUA

Spectral/Frequency Information
Wavelength Keyword: Microwave
Number Channels: 12 Channels
Spectral/Frequency Coverage/Range: 0.34 - 4.35 cm / 6.9 - 89.0 GHz

Related Data Sets
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Description
The Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer-EOS (AMSR-E) is one of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) mission instruments flown on the Earth Observing System (EOS) Aqua spacecraft, which was launched May 4, 2002. A similiar instrument (AMSR) was flown on the JAXA ADEOS-II spacecraft in December 2002.

AMSR-E monitors various atmospheric and surface water processes that influence weather and climate. It provides improved measurements of rain rates and greatly extends the spatial coverage of the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite, while also measuring water vapor, sea surface winds, sea surface temperature, sea ice, soil moisture, snow cover, and the amount of water in clouds.

The AMSR-E is a 14-channel, 8-frequency passive microwave radiometer which measures microwave radiation from the Earth's surface and atmosphere. Frequencies of the AMSR-E are 6.9, 10.7, 18.7, 23.8, 36.5, and 89.0 (horizontal and vertical polarization), and 50.3 and 52.8 GHz (vertical polarization only). AMSR has a large antenna (2 meters, one of the largest), and a field of view of 7 km at 89 GHz and 60km at 6.9 GHz. It scans conically at an incidence angle of 55 degrees to achieve a 1600 km swath width. Data are externally calibrated by a cold sky temperature (2.7K) and a high-temperature hot load.

Key AMSR-E Facts
Heritage: SMMR (on Nimbus-7 and Seasat), SSM/I (on DMSP), AMSR (on ADEOS II)
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Online Resources
http://wwwghcc.msfc.nasa.gov/AMSR/
http://aqua.nasa.gov/about/instrument_amsr.php
http://aqua.nasa.gov/about/instrument_amsr_team.php
http://mirador.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/mirador/collectionlist.pl?keyword=AMSR-E
http://sharaku.eorc.jaxa.jp/AMSR/index.html

Instrument Logistics
Data Rate: 87.4 kbps average, 125 kbps peak
Instrument Start Date: 2002-06-18
Instrument Owner: JAPAN/JAXA

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