Office of Polar Programs, National Science Foundation
The Office of Polar Programs (OPP) manages and initiates National Science Foundation funding for basic research and its operational support in the Arctic and the Antarctic. The funds are provided as NSF grants to institutions (mainly U.S. universities), whose scientists perform the research at the institutions or in a polar region, and as cooperative agreements or contracts to support organizations including contractors and the U.S. military.
OPP supports individual investigators or research teams and U.S. participation in multinational projects. Projects can involve investigators from many disciplines and institutions over several years.
Organizationally, OPP has two science divisions one each for the Arctic and the Antarctic. A third division manages the provision of logistics and support operations including field stations, camps, and laboratories. Environmental, health and safety issues are handled by the Office of Polar Environment, Health and Safety.
Information provided by http://www.nsf.gov/od/opp/about.jsp