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1. Labitzke Berlin Stratospheric Data: Northern Hemispheric Gridpoint Data [BERLIN_STRATO_NHGRID]
This data set consists of Northern Hemisphere monthly mean and daily gridded geopotential heights and temperature. Gridded data are available from 10N to 90N at 10x10 degrees and 5x5 degrees ...


2. Labitzke Berlin Stratospheric Data: Quasi-Biennial Oscillation Data [BERLIN_STRATO_QBO]
Almost 50 years ago, the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation (QBO) of the winds in the equatorial stratosphere was detected due to the establishment of a global, regularly measuring radiosonde network. As ...


3. Labitzke Berlin Stratospheric Data: Zonal Mean Data [BERLIN_STRATO_ZONAL]
This data set consists of Northern Hemisphere monthly zonal mean geopotential heights and temperature. Gridded data are available from 10N to 90N at 10x10 degrees at 100 hPa, 50 hPa, 30 ...


4. Equatorial Pacific Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_EQSOI]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] This data set consist of monthly sea level pressure (SLP) standardized anomalies in Indonesia (INDO) and the Eastern Pacific ...


5. Monthly Northern Oscillation Index (NOI) [NOAA_NWS_CPC_NOI]
[Text Source: NOAA Environmental Research Division, http://www.pfeg.noaa.gov/products/PFEL/modeled/indices/NOIx/noix.html ] The NOI (extratropical-based Northern Oscillation Index) and its analog, ...


6. North Pacific (NP) Index from Sea level Pressures at NCAR [NCAR_NP]
The North Pacific (NP) Index is the area-weighted sea level pressure (SLP) over the region 30N-65N, 160E-140W and is used to measure decadal variations linked to El Nino (ENSO) and La Nina events. ...


7. Hurrell North Atlantic Oscillation Index (NAO) at JISAO [NAO_HURRELL]
The North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) is based on the difference of normalized sea level pressure (SLP) between Lisbon, Portugal and Stykkisholmur/Reykjavik, ...


8. Quasi-Biennial Oscillation (QBO) Zonal Wind Index, 1953-present [QBO_ZONAL_WIND_INDEX]
[Text Source: Freie Universitat Berlin, http://www.geo.fu-berlin.de/en/met/ag/strat/produkte/qbo/ ] Almost 50 years ago, the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation (QBO) of the winds in the equatorial stratosphere ...


9. Trans-Nino Index (TNI) [NOAA_NWS_CPC_TNI]
[Source: NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory, Physical Sciences Division, http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/ ] The timeseries ...


10. Antarctic Oscillation (AO) Time Series Data since 1948 from JISAO [JISAO_AAO]
The Antarctic Oscillation (AAO) is the dominant pattern of non-seasonal tropospheric circulation variations south of 30S, and it is characterized by pressure anomalies of one sign centered in the ...


11. Arctic Theme Page [Arctic_Theme_Page]
The Arctic Theme Page is a comprehensive resource web site focused on the Arctic. It provides access to widely distributed Arctic data and information for scientists, students, teachers, academia, ...


12. Asian Summer Teleconnection Patterns from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_ASIASUMR]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The Asian Summer pattern is a prominent mode from June-August. The pattern is monopole in nature, with anomalies of the same ...


13. East Atlantic Jet Teleconnection Patterns from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_EAJET]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The East Atlantic Jet pattern is the third primary mode of low frequency variability found over the North Atlantic, ...


14. East Atlantic Teleconnection Patterns from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_EA]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The East Atlantic (EA) pattern is the second of three prominent modes of low-frequency variability over the North Atlantic, ...


15. Hurrell's North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) Index from NCAR [NCAR_NAO]
The North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) is based on the difference of normalized sea level pressure (SLP) between Lisbon, Portugal or Ponta Delgada, Azores ...


16. Monthly Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) [NOAA_NWS_CPC_AMO]
[Source: NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory, Physical Sciences Division, http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/ ] The HadSST and NOAA OI SST datasets are used to compute Atlantic SST anomalies north of ...


17. Monthly ENSO Precipitation Index (ESPI) [NOAA_NWS_CPC_ESPI]
[Text Source: Curtis, S. and R. Adler, 2000: ENSO indexes based on patterns of satellite-derived precipitation. J. Climate, 13, 2786-2793 and http://trmm.gsfc.nasa.gov/ESPIsummary.html ] ...


18. Monthly Tropical South Atlantic Index (TSA) [NOAA_NWS_CPC_TSA]
[Source: NOAA/ESRL/PSD, http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/ ] The Tropical South Atlantic Index is Anomaly of the average of the monthly SST from Eq-20S and 10E-30W. GISST and NOAA OI 1x1 ...


19. Northern and Southern Hemisphere Blocking Index from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_BLOCKING]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The blocking index of Tibaldi and Molteni (1990) was modified from that of Lejenas and Okland (1983). The index is local and ...


20. Monthly Bivariate ENSO Time Series (BEST) Index [NOAA_NWS_CPC_BEST]
[Text Source: Prashant Sardeshmukh and Catherine Smith, "Bivariate EnSo Timeseries or the "BEST" ENSO Index", http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/people/cathy.smith/best/ ] [Note change in SST dataset. ...


21. Monthly Caribbean SST Index (CAR) [NOAA_NWS_CPC_CAR]
[Source: NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory, Physical Sciences Division, http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/ ] The timeseries of SST anomalies averaged over the the Caribbean. Data is obtained from ...


22. Monthly Tropical North Atlantic Index (TNA) [NOAA_NWS_CPC_TNAI]
[Source: NOAA/ESRL/PSD, http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/ ] The Tropical North Atlantic Index is Anomaly of the average of the monthly SST from 5.5N-23.5N and 15W-57.5W. GISST and NOAA ...


23. Monthly Western Hemisphere Warm Pool (WHWP) [NOAA_NWS_CPC_WHWP]
[Source: NOAA/ESRL/PSD, http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/ ] The Western Hemisphere Warm Pool (WHWP) monthly anomaly of the ocean surface area warmer than 28.5B0C in the Atlantic and eastern ...


24. Darwin and Tahiti Sea Level Pressure (SLP) 1882 to present from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_DARTAH]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] Monthly sea level pressure (SLP) data measured at Darwin, Australia and Tahiti from 1882-present. Data consists of the original ...


25. Monthly Globally Integrated Angular Momentum Index [NOAA_NWS_CPC_GIAM]
[Source: NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory, Physical Sciences Division, http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/ ] The atmospheric angular momentum is the product of mass times the rotational velocity times ...


26. Monthly North Tropical Atlantic (NTA) SST Index [NOAA_NWS_CPC_NTA]
[Source: NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory, Physical Sciences Division, http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/ ] The timeseries of SST anomalies averaged over 60W to 20W, 6N to 18N and 20W to 10W, 6N ...


27. Monthly and Weekly Nino 3 Region SST Index: Central Tropical Pacific [NOAA_NWS_CPC_NINO3]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] Nino Regions - for data sampling of SSTs the tropical Pacific has been divided into a number of regions named Nino 1, 2,3, ...


28. Monthly and Weekly Nino 3.4 Region SST Index: East Central Tropical Pacific [NOAA_NWS_CPC_NINO34]
[Text Source: NOAA/CPC and NOAA/ESRL/PSD] Nino Regions - for data sampling of SSTs the tropical Pacific has been divided into a number of regions named Nino 1, 2,3, 4, and 3.4 (which is encompasses ...


29. Pacific Transition (PT) Teleconnection Patterns from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_PT]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The Pacific Transition pattern is prominent between May-August. The mode consists of a wave-like pattern of height anomalies, ...


30. Quasi-Biennial Oscillation (QBO) Indices at 30 mb and 50 mb from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_QBO]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] Quasi-Biennal Oscillation (QBO) index (formally known as Singapore Winds) monthly since 1979. Data is available at 30mb and ...


31. Scandanavia (SCAND) Teleconnection Patterns from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_SCAND]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The Scandinavia pattern (SCAND) consists of a primary circulation center which spans Scandinavia and large portions of the ...


32. Sea Surface Temperature (SST) Indices from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_SSTINDEX]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] This data consists of sea surface temperature (SST) indices for the followng regions: Weekly and Monthly SST indices for: ...


33. Tahiti-Darwin Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) 1882 to present from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_SOI]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] Monthly Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) based on standardized sea level pressure (SLP) difference data measured between Tahiti ...


34. Tropical/Northern Hemisphere Teleconnection Patterns from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_TNH]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The Tropical/ Northern Hemisphere pattern was first classified by Mo and Livezey (1986), and appears as a prominent mode from ...


35. Daily Antarctic Oscillation Index (AAO) [NOAA_NWS_CPC_AAO]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The daily Antarctic Oscillation (AAO) index is constructed by projecting the daily (00Z) 700mb height anomalies poleward of ...


36. Daily Arctic Oscillation (AO) Index from NOAA/NWS/Center for Climate Prediction [NOAA_NWS_CPC_AO]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The daily Arctic Oscillation (AO) index is constructed by projecting the daily (00Z) 1000mb height anomalies poleward of 20N ...


37. Daily Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) Indices from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_MJO]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] An extended Empirical Orthogonal Function (EEOF) analysis is applied to pentad velocity potential at 200-hPa for ENSO-neutral ...


38. Daily North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) Index from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_NAO]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The daily North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) index is constructed by properly projecting the daily (00Z) 500mb height anomalies ...


39. Daily Pacific-North America (PNA) Pattern from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_PNA]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The daily Pacific-North America Patter (PNA) index is constructed by properly projecting the daily (00Z) 500mb height anomalies ...


40. East Atlantic/West Russia Teleconnection Patterns from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_EAWRUS]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The East Atlantic/ West Russia (EATL/WRUS) pattern is one of two prominent that affects Eurasia during most of the year. This ...


41. East Pacific Teleconnection Patterns from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_EP]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The EP pattern is evident in all months except August and September, and reflects a north-south dipole of height anomalies ...


42. North Pacific Teleconnection Patterns from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_NP]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The North Pacific pattern is prominent from March through July. This pattern consists of a primary anomaly center which spans ...


43. Polar/Eurasia Teleconnection Patterns from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_POLAREUR]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The Polar/ Eurasian pattern appears only in the winter, and is the most prominent mode of low-frequency variability during ...


44. West Pacific Teleconnection Patterns from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_WP]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The WP pattern is a primary mode of low-frequency variability over the North Pacific in all months, and has been previously ...


45. Zonal Trade Wind Indices Observations and Forecasts at 850mb from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_ZONAL850]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The zonal wind indices are obtained by averaging the daily (00Z) zonal wind anomalies over the indicated area. Note that positive ...


46. Zonal Wind Index: Observations and Forecasts at 200mb from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_ZONAL200]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The zonal wind indices are obtained by averaging the daily (00Z) zonal wind anomalies over the indicated area. Note that positive ...


47. Monthly Multivariate ENSO Index (MEI) [NOAA_NWS_CPC_MEI]
[Text Source: Klaus Wolter, http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd//people/klaus.wolter/MEI/ Refer to: Wolter and Timlin, 1993, 1998, http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd//people/klaus.wolter/MEI/#ref_wt1 ] El Ni?o/Southern ...


48. Monthly Oceanic Nino Index (ONI) [NOAA_NWS_CPC_ONI]
[Text Source: NOAA/CPC and NOAA/ESRL/PSD] The Oceanic Nino Index (ONI) is a three month running mean of NOAA ERSST.v2 SST anomalies in the Nino 3.4 region (5N-5S, 120-170W), based on the 1971-2000 ...


49. Monthly and Weekly Nino 1+2 Region SST Index: Extreme Eastern Tropical Pacific [NOAA_NWS_CPC_NINO12]
[Text Source: NOAA/CPC and NOAA/ESRL/PSD] Nino Regions - for data sampling of SSTs the tropical Pacific has been divided into a number of regions named Nino 1, 2,3, 4, and 3.4 (which is encompasses ...


50. Monthly and Weekly Nino 4 Region SST Index: Central Tropical Pacific [NOAA_NWS_CPC_NINO4]
[Text Source: NOAA/CPC and NOAA/ESRL/PSD] Nino Regions - for data sampling of SSTs the tropical Pacific has been divided into a number of regions named Nino 1, 2,3, 4, and 3.4 (which is encompasses ...


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