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51. Biomass, productivity and diurnal migration of marine plankton in shallow waters at Cape Bird [K014_1973_1974_NZ_1]
The phytoplankton and zooplankton in shallow water at Cape Bird was investigated. Samples were taken at intervals of 4 days from early December to late January in plastic buckets from the fast ice ...


52. Collection of ectoparasites from Adelie penguins, an Emperor penguin, a Skua and a Snow Petrel at Cape Bird [K014_1977_1978_NZ_3]
48 Adelie penguins, one Emperor penguin, one Skua and one Snow Petrel were examined for ectoparasites to add to the study of avian ectoparasites of the New Zealand sub region. Two methods were used: ...


53. Collection of polychaetes from Cape Bird for taxonomic studies [K014_1971_1972_NZ_1]
A range of polychaetes were collected for taxonomic studies. Colour notes and other observations were made on the live animals. A number of new records from the Ross Sea area were recorded as well ...


54. Collection of tardigrads from areas around the Ross Sea Region to define different species [K014_1975_1976_NZ_1]
Tardigrada, or water bears, are microscopic aquatic invertebrates found in many land and sea habitats. Ultrastructure studies have tried to show their true affinities to other invertebrates. Physiologists ...


55. Culturing techniques, distribution and abundance and SEM analysis of separate instars or moults of the springtail Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni at Cape Bird [K014_1975_1976_NZ_2]
The separtation of instars or moults is essential to a life history study of an invertebrate. A reliable method of differentiating instars of the small black collembolan or springtail, Gomphiocephalus ...


56. Ground profile surveys and aerial photographs of Priapulus Point to determine the evolution and development of the land feature [K014_1974_1975_NZ_3]
Data on the nature and composition of the depositional beach ridges which make up Priapulus Point at Cape Bird was collected to determine if the development pattern of the ridges reflects changing ...


57. Measurements of bill length, body weight, analysis of stomach contents and count of bird movements to and from a colony at Cape Bird to examine feeding behaviour of Adelie penguins [K014_1973_1974_NZ_3]
Weights and bill measurements of 300 adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) leaving the colony and returning from fishing were taken (10 every 2 days) and stomach samples were collected from 17 birds ...


58. Measurements of distribution, swimming and feeding behaviour, diet analysis and morphometric measurements of Paramoera walkeri - a common subtidal gammarid amphipod [K014_1971_1972_NZ_2]
Paramoera walkeri is a common subtidal gammarid amphipod, occurring to depths slightly in excess of 15m. Work was completed over two seasons of sampling. In the first season, 4 samples were taken ...


59. Observation of a skua club at Cape Bird to determine why they exist [K014_1970_1971_NZ_2]
Not far from breeding skuas in a colony there is often a flock of essentially non-breeding birds which is commonly known as the club. The purpose of the club was determined by constant observation ...


60. Plankton and epibenthos sampling from Cape Bird for the University of Canterbury collection and studies [K014_1976_1977_NZ_2]
Epibenthos samples were taken at 2100 each night from the 25 November until the 17 December, 1976 of the plankton and epibenthos immediately adjacent to the shore in front of the wet lab stationed ...


61. Plankton investigations in the Ross Sea in relation to seawater parameters [K014_1970_1971_NZ_6]
Plankton and water was sampled from a site at Cape Bird and the parameters measured include: salinity, light, temperature, biomass of zooplankton and phytoplankton, species identification of zooplankton ...


62. Population study, growth rate of chicks, mortality rate, diurnal observations, measurements of aggressiveness and the collection of morphological and anatomical data of an adelie penguin colony at Cape Bird [K014_1978_1979_NZ_2]
A population study was conducted on Adelie penguins in the Northern colony at Cape Bird. 15 colonies were selected for daily observations and complete maps of every colony was made to measure the ...


63. Production and succession investigations of phytoplankton and zooplankton from onshore, tidecrack, ice floes and epibenthic samples at Cape Bird [K014_1977_1978_NZ_1]
The phytoplankton and zooplankton was samples at Cape Bird to determine seasonal trends in the populations structure of onshore communities, determine if a separate tidecrack community exists, the ...


64. Recording and modified playbacks of Adelie penguin parental calls to chicks in the creche stage to investigate parental chick communication [K014_1978_1979_NZ_1]
The vocal communication of Adelie penguins at Cape Bird was investigated. A single colony was selected from the Northern colony for study and all birds (established breeders and most of the non breeders) ...


65. Survey of the mammals and birds occurring at Cape Bird, 1977-1980 [K014_1977_1978_NZ_2]
A general survey of the mammals and birds occurring was carried out at Cape Bird 1977-1981 and at Cape Hallett 1982-1983. No previous work has been carried out on mammals in these areas. Short, frequent ...


66. The presence and extent of interstitial meiofauna in sandy beaches and stream and coastal water sampling to determine the nutrient input to the sea from penguin colonies [K014_1974_1975_NZ_2]
The presence and extent of the interstitial meiofauna that developed in the sandy beach when the push-ice had melted or rafted out was investigated. The timing of melting was late and only a short ...


67. Yolk formation in Adelie penguin eggs [K014_1979_1980_NZ_4]
Development of a technique of preserving and staining egg yolks have permitted the number of days during which yolk is deposited in a follicle to be estimated. Whether the yolk structure of Adelie ...


68. Analysis of soil samples (surface and cores), penguin faeces and water for influenza evolution determined from viruses preserved in adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) guano at Cape Bird and Cape Adare [K030_1999_2000_NZ_1]
The gene sequence of the influenza virus from the frozen soil beneath Adelie penguin colonies on Ross Island, Antarctica was analysed. Gene sequences from virus stored since 1933 show that the virus ...


69. Screening for infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV), the poultry virus in Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) in the Ross Sea : blood samples from adelie penguins at Cape Bird and Cape Royds [K030_1998_1999_NZ_1]
Antibodies for the infectious bursal disease virus (IBVD) were found in emperor and adelie penguin populations near Australia's Mawson Base. IBDV was not directly detected, nor were any clinical disease ...


70. Causes of high mortality of the second chick from a pair of skua (Catharaeta maccormicki) eggs; egg content and chick weights, feeding rates, parental brooding behaviour, experimental removal and starvation of chicks [K017_1966_1967_NZ_1]
The cause/factors of heavy mortality of the second chick hatching from a pair of eggs at a skua nest was investigated. Previous observations found that the second chick is chased away from the nest ...


71. Genetic variability and patterns of colonisation in Antarctic mosses [K022_1992_1995_NZ_1]
The geographic and microgeographic organisation of variation at genetic marker loci in mosses of the McMurdo Sound region was investigated. Samples of five species of mosses including Bryum argenteum, ...


72. The relationship between skuas and adelie penguins at the Cape Bird colonies: penguin egg and chick mortality from skua predation and territorial, feeding and breeding behaviour of skuas about the penguin colony [K017_1965_1970_NZ_1]
A five year study on the relationship between skuas (Catharaeta maccormicki) and adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) was investigated at Cape Bird with two studies: a) A study of penguin egg ...


73. Skua studies (population numbers, territorial behaviour, the breeding cycle, mortality and the effect of the penguin colonies on normal activity of skuas) at Cape Royds and Cape Hallett colonies [K017_1959_1960_NZ_1]
The penguin and skua colonies at Cape Royds were used to study skua-penguin association. A population count of skuas (Catharaeta maccormicki) at Cape Royds was conducted from late October to late ...


74. Using rock and sediment samples from raised beach ridges and glacier moraines for dating to determine the extent of the ice sheet during the last glacial maximum [K043_1996_1998_NZ_2]
Raised beaches on the coast of McMurdo Sound have developed since the last glacial maximum approximately 20,000 year ago when the ice sheets were at their greatest extent. The weight of the overlying ...


75. Baseline information on both the modern processes operating on Antarctic beaches and the development of beach ridges in relation to the last glaciation ice retreat and isostatic rebound [K043_1996_1998_NZ_1]
Beaches in McMurdo Sound have developed since the last glaciation when ice sheets were at their maximum. The weight of the overlying ice, depressed the land, which has slowly rebounded forming a series ...


76. Behavioural and corticosterone responses of incubating and confined Adelie penguins to model Weddell seal, model leopard seals and a seal bag, Cape Bird, Ross Island 2003-2004 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_10]
Behavioural and corticosterone responses of incubating Adelie penguins to a model Weddell seal, a model Leopard seal and a seal bag were measured by measuring behaviour and collecting blood samples ...


77. Behavioural responses of incubating Adelie penguins to a novel object, Ross Island, 2002-2003 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_7]
The behavioural responses of incubating Adelie penguins to a person standing 1 meter away and to a cardboard shield of similar size to a person also at 1 meter distance were measured to determine ...


78. Change in corticosterone levels and corticosterone response in arriving and departing Adelie penguins at Cape Bird, Ross Island [K034_2001_2005_NZ_1]
Adelie penguins were captured at Cape Bird, Ross Island in the 2001-2002 season to measure the effects of fasting on corticosterone responses in penguins departing from the rookery compared with those ...


79. Corticosterone and behavioural responses to people of arriving and departing penguins temporarily confined, Ross Island [K034_2001_2005_NZ_5]
The corticosterone and behavioural responses of incubating penguins was measured on incubating adelie penguins in the 2001-2002 season. In the 2002-2003 seasons that study was extended to include ...


80. Corticosterone response of incubating Adelie penguins to the presence of people, Cape Bird [K034_2001_2005_NZ_2]
The corticosterone and behavioural responses of Adelie penguins to the presence of people was investigated to determine the minimum distance for a person to approach a penguin without initiating a ...


81. Corticosterone responses and body condition of penguins arriving at Cape Bird, Cape Royds and Cape Crozier, Ross Island. 2002-2003 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_3]
With unusual ice conditions around Ross Island as a consequence of the iceberg B15 being stationary north of Ross Island, penguins returning to rookeries had much further to walk than usuall. The ...


82. Diesease in Adelie and Emperor Penguins [K034_2001_2005_NZ_11]
Cloacal swabs were taken from Adelie penguins at Cape Crozier and Cape Bird (2003-2004 season) and at Mandible Cirque (2004-2005 season) and from emperor penguins in McMurdo Sound (2003-2004 season) ...


83. Tropospheric Ozone Depletion and Bromine Explosions [K084_2006_2007_NZ]
Tropospheric ozone depletion events during the Antarctic spring of 06/07 and 07/08 were observed. DOAS measurements of near surface BrO and O3 concentrations were made at three locations: Cape Bird ...


84. Validating a new method for measuring stress levels of Adelie penguins [K122_2001_2002_NZ_1]
A non-invasive method of measuring stress levels was tested on Adelie (Pygoscelis adeliae) penguins at Cape Bird. The previous accepted normal measurements of stress levels of animals involved blood ...


85. Voluntary approach distance of Adelie penguins to people at Cape Bird, Ross Island 2002-2003 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_8]
The distance that walking Adelie penguins chose to approach people was measured for penguins on the beach at Cape Bird. A person stood in the path of an approaching penguin and then after the bird ...


86. Taxonomic and ecological survey of the terrestrial algae in the Ross Sea Region (McMurdo Dry Valleys, Marble Point, Cape Bird, Mt Erebus) [K053_1980_1981_NZ_1]
A taxonomic and ecological survey of the terrestrial algae was conducted in the vicinity of Lake Fryxell, Taylor Valley and Cape Bird and supplemented with samples from Marble Point, the lakes and ...


87. Vegetation distribution (distribution mapping and microscopic examination) at Cape Bird [K053_1982_1983_NZ_2]
Extensive vegetation mapping and microscopic examination of sample material was completed at Cape Bird in detail enough so that maps were produced marking the location of all major algal, moss and ...


88. Biology of the springtail Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni at Cape Bird: feeding habits, life cycle and migration movements throughout a season [K017_1969_1970_NZ_1]
Aspects of the biology of Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni (Collembola) was investigated at Cape Bird. The work can be divided into three main investigations: 1) Food studies - which included isolation and ...


89. Body temperature and activity patterns of adelie penguins held in captivity under different light conditions to determine if there is an internal body clock [K123_1987_1988_NZ_1]
Adelie penguins were held in captivity and fitted with implantable body temperature transducers. Measurements were made every 30 minutes of body temperature and activity (orientation, posture, eye ...


90. Melatonin levels from blood samples collected from adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) held under different light conditions to investigate the circadian physiology of adelie penguins [K121_1985_1987_NZ_1]
All animals have a biological clock that controls the timing of their daily activities. This internal clock is reset each day to a 24-hour period by the regular cycle of day and night. Animals in ...


91. The movement of springtails (Collembolan) and mites (Acari) in relation to terrain and weather conditions at Cape Bird [K017_1967_1968_NZ_1]
This study investigated the changing position of the concentrations of both the collembolan species Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni and two mite species. Regular sampling of a transect set out across a large ...


92. Analysis of breeding success, adult survival and mate choice of south polar skuas (Catharacta maccormicki) at Cape Bird, Ross Island [K063_1991_1992_NZ_2]
The breeding success, survival and mate choice in south polar skuas was studied at Cape Bird to determine which individual traits influence breeding success, if breeding success is related to mate ...


93. Analysis of organochlorine pesticides, PCB's and heavy metals levels in Adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) and South Polar skua (Catharacta maccormicki) carcasses and abandoned eggs [K063_1989_1990_NZ_2]
Skuas as a group have come to be recognized as 'barometers' of environmental health, as their wide range and feeding habits make them ideal for monitoring oceanic pollution. Skua and adelie penguin ...


94. Behavioural observations (frequency and timing of copulation attempts) and paternity analysis from blood samples to investigate sperm competition of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) [K063_1993_1998_NZ_1]
Sexual selection theory suggests that males compete for females and females choose males. Sperm competition is one aspect of this competition. There are two possible mechanisms of sperm competition, ...


95. Census of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at the Cape Royds rookery, 22 January, 1985 [K121_1984_1985_NZ_1]
A penguin census (adults and chicks) was conducted in January on the Cape Royds rookery. The number of chicks and adults were counted three times (by two observers for the chicks and one observer ...


96. Constant observations of an adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) colony to determine the precise time of nest relief, the duration of foraging trips and the rhythms of behaviour and the levels of hormones in their blood [K121_1984_1986_NZ_1]
The precise time of nest relief, the duration of foraging trips and the rhythms of behaviour were measured by keeping a colony of Adelie penguins under constant observation throughout the breeding ...


97. Measurements and observations (breeding success, territorial behaviour, morphometric measurements, blood hormone level, etc) of breeding pairs and non-breeding individual South Polar skuas at Northern Rookery, Cape Bird [K063_1989_1990_NZ_1]
South polar skuas (Catharacta maccormicki) are strongly territorial and the number of territorial pairs in any given area is relatively constant from year to year. The presence of adult non-breeding ...


98. Measurements of blood progesterone levels during the breeding season of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) to determine if foraging trips are synchronised [K063_1991_1992_NZ_1]
During the breeding season of adelie penguins, breeding birds undergo periods of fast while their mate is out foraging. A late return by either member of a pair can cause nest failure as late returning ...


99. Measurements of the energy requirements of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) by analysis of blood samples for the turnover rate of injected radioactive water and salts and from analysis of gut contents [K121_1984_1987_NZ_1]
The metabolic rate and energy requirements of penguins was determined by measuring the turnover rates of radioactive body water and salts. Individual birds were banded, weighed and injected with radio-active ...


100. Observations of feeding chase behaviour, attendance patterns and foraging trip durations of adults to determine the function of feeding chase behaviour in adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) [K063_2004_2006_NZ_1]
Adelie penguins exhibit a unique form of behaviour known as the feeding chase, whereby a parent is chased by its creche aged chicks before feeding them. The brood reduction hypothesis proposes that ...


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