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1. Genomic Indicators of Climate Chnage - Genetic and isotopic analysis of Adélie penguin tissue from relict colonies at Cape Bird and Cape Royds, Ross Island, Antarctica. [K016_2011_2013_NZ_1]
Our objectives are to identify the molecular basis by which Ad?lie penguins have responded to a -10?C increase in temperature since the last glacial maximum. We will sequence the genomes of a number ...

2. Tropospheric Ozone Depletion and Bromine Explosions [K084_2006_2013_NZ]
Tropospheric ozone depletion events during the Antarctic spring of 06/07 and 07/08 were observed. DOAS measurements of near surface BrO and O3 concentrations were made at three locations: Cape Bird ...

3. Genomic Indicators of Climate Chnage - Genetic and isotopic analysis of Adélie penguin tissue from relict colonies at Cape Bird and Cape Royds, Ross Island, Antarctica. [K016_2011_2012_NZ_1]
Our objectives are to identify the molecular basis by which Ad?lie penguins have responded to a -10?C increase in temperature since the last glacial maximum. We will sequence the genomes of a number ...

4. Mutation and extinction rates in Adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) populations from fossil bones and blood samples collected from several sites in the Ross Sea Region [K030_2001_2005_NZ_1]
Recent studies on the evolution of mitochondrial DNA in Adelie penguins has found high rates of mutation sparking a major controversy and raising the question of whether evolutionary rates are high ...

5. The evolution of microsatellite and mitochondrial genes of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) from DNA samples taken from stratified subfossil penguin bones at penguin colonies [K030_1996_1999_NZ_1]
Evolutionary changes in microsatellite and mitochondrial genes of Adelie penguins was investigated to provide knowledge about the genetic processes and mechanisms that give rise to variation and change ...

6. Analysis of ecstatic calls displays and nest parameters and their importance in Adelie penguin mate attraction, pair bonding and nest success [K019_2002_2003_NZ_1]
Mate recognition of adelie penguins is crucial to their breeding success in such an extreme environment. The importance of male ecstatic display, the role of factors including nest location and size ...

7. Behavioural observations, recorded calls and breeding parameters as factors influencing the vocal behaviour of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) [K019_2000_2001_NZ_1]
Factors influencing the development and survival of Adelie penguins were investigated from the Cape Bird colony. The fieldwork focused on aspects of vocal recognition but parental care and chick development ...

8. Collection of marine sediment, algae, invertebrate and fish samples from multiple sites at diveable depths in the Ross Sea Region [K065_2008_2009_NZ_1]
In order to resolve the contribution of microbes (bacteria) in the benthic food web under the sea ice in Antarctica and to determine the level of recycling of carbon that occurs in the community, ...

9. Determination of the unique evolutionary patterns that prevail in the Antarctic springtail (Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni) [K025_2006_2007_NZ]
The energetic budgets (activity) of Antarctic springtails (Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni) was investigated at Cape Bird, Ross Island and the Garwood Valley, McMurdo Dry Valleys to determine the unique ...

10. Experiments to determine the processes governing the colonization of micro-organisms in extreme Antarctic fellfields [K015_1982_1983_NZ_1]
In Antarctica, moisture, temperature and other climatic regimes and the quality and stability of the prevailing mineral substrate act as extreme limiting factors for colonization by microbes, cryptograms ...

11. Variation in corticosterone responses to handling within and between Adelie penguins, Ross Island [K034_2001_2005_NZ_4]
Corticosterone responses to handling and behavioural responses to the approach of a person are two responses of adelie penguins to potential stressors. We measured these responses in different birds ...

12. Variation in corticosterone responses within and between individuals of Adelie penguins, Ross Island 2002-2003 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_6]
Corticosterone responses to handling were measured three times at four day intervals in 24 Adelie penguins to quantify variation within and between birds in these responses. Blood samples were collected ...

13. Adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) and McCormick skua (Catharacta mccormicki) census of the Cape Bird colony 1974 - 1978 [K014_1974_1975_NZ_4]
A population census of the three Adelie penguin colonies in the area of Cape Bird was carried out over several seasons since 1965, between November and December each year. These counts were conducted ...

14. Examination of recent marine deposits and local geology at Cape Barne, Cape Bird and Cape Crozier, Ross Island, Antarctica [K042_1969_1970_NZ_1]
Recent marine deposits were discovered at Cape Barne, Ross Island. A number of well preserved shell layers exposed beside the frozen lakes being Cape Barne, at 30m asl were investigated. Upon examination ...

15. Glacial geological investigations at the Northern penguin colony at Cape Bird [K162_1985_1986_NZ_1]
Glaciological work was carried out at Cape Bird to determine the glaciers margin structure. Initially, the hydrology of the region was investigated to determine the feasibility of measuring stream ...

16. Analysis of samples (cloaca, blood and tissue) from Adelie penguins and Weddell seal samples for influenze viruses from Cape Bird [K251_1985_1986_NZ_1]
There is evidence that some influenza pandemics are caused by influenza viruses which have acquired new antigens from avian viruses. In order to understand the conditions under which antigens are ...

17. Biochemical and biological activity of soils from a penguin colony at Cape Bird and soil description, classification and measurements of water content, soil temperature and depth to frozen ground [K024_1981_1984_NZ_1]
The biochemical and biological activity of the soils of the Adelie penguin colonies at Cape Bird was studied over two seasons. Biochemical markers of decomposition of penguin guano were studied by ...

18. The temperature and desiccation tolerance limits of protozoa found in glacial melt waters and freshwater ponds or streams at Cape Bird [K028_1983_1984_NZ_1]
Protozoa found in the glacial melt waters and freshwater ponds or streams of Antarctica were investigated for their ability to tolerate freezing in their active stages. Sampling was conducted at Cape ...

19. Measurements of the polarisation of the Antarctic sky from the sea ice edge at Cape Bird and from a ship journey from Hobart to McMurdo Sound [K041_1997_1998_NZ_1]
The polarisation of the Antarctic sky was captured near the sea ice edge at Cape Bird to complement previous studies of the sky polarisation seen at Wellington (New Zealand), Scott Base, Tent Island ...

20. Analysis of blood samples for genetic difference and similarity within and between breeding groups of Adelie penguins and Skuas from Cape Bird, Cape Royds and Cape Crozier, Ross Island [K016_1988_1989_NZ_1]
Prior studies have found little interchange of skuas (Stercorarius maccormicki) and Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) among breeding groups as the majority of breeding birds settle within their ...

21. Analysis of blood samples for hormones circulating in the blood stream of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) in relation to breeding behaviour [K017_1966_1967_NZ_2]
A method for recurrent blood sampling of individual birds was perfected before a close study of the behaviour of a number of banded breeding pairs of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) was conducted ...

22. Analysis of trachea and cloacal swabs and blood samples for influenza virus and arboviruses in Adelie penguins at Cape Bird [K014_1978_1979_NZ_4]
In recent years, evidence has accumulated to indicate that epidemic strains of influenza virus have developed from animal strains, including those occurring in birds. Interest in the ecology of influenza ...

23. The ecology and physiology of Antarctic invertebrates at Cape Bird [K140_1997_2000_NZ_1]
The effect of temperature on the terrestrial arthropod fauna at Cape Bird was investigated. The work was carried out over three field season and the site was visited for three periods during each ...

24. Skua chick survival rates under two experimental conditions, experimentally fed and siblings contained in separate enclosures [K017_1993_1994_NZ_1]
Skuas at high latitiudes have high chick mortality shortly after the chicks hatch due to the older chick chasing the younger and smaller chick from the nest area where it starves or becomes predated. ...

25. GIS mapping of vegetation cover at two specially protected areas; Botany Bay, Granite Harbour and Cape Bird [K024_2007_2008_NZ_2]
The ground cover of vegetation was mapped for the entire ASPA (Antarctic Specially Protected Areas) at Botany Bay, Granite Harbour and at Cape Bird including mosses, lichen and algae. The method for ...

26. Soil samples used for ATP analysis of microbial biomass and PCR based methods to determine species diversity and detecting human contamination by testing for human enteric micro-organisms [K023_1999_2000_NZ_1]
Soil samples were collected during January 1999 and 2000 from the ornithogenic soils of the Adelie penguin colony at Cape Bird, the volcanic soils at Cape Evans, the gravels and ornithogenic soils ...

27. Comparison of the structure and diversity of the benthic community of Cape Bird with Cape Hallett and Perseverance Harbour, Campbell Island [K014_1970_1971_NZ_4]
A series of quantitative sea bottom grab samples were collected from the benthos in the area of McDonald Beach and north to the ice cliffs, Cape Bird. Samples were collected from between 25 and 200m ...

28. A hot house experiment at Cape Bird to determine the effects of microclimate on plant establishment [K052_1982_1983_NZ_5]
A small perspex frame was placed over bare mineral soil adjacent to the mosses in Keble Valley to examine the effects of humidity, temperature and microclimate on plant establishment. Many green ...

29. Floristic surveys, vegetation mapping, soil animals and environmental parameters for algae growth at Cape Bird [K052_1982_1983_NZ_3]
A plant map for Keble Valley was produced and the water channels plotted to determine the factors involved in moss establishment and growth. Water and shelter were found to be the main factors. Temperature ...

30. Measurements of heart rate, blood oxygenation, redox state of cytochrome oxidase and blood flow in peripheral tissues of Adelie penguins that have been stressed using an infrared spectrometer [K032_1999_2000_NZ_1]
Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) live and breed in an physiologically demanding environment that requires individual birds to respond rapidly to fluctuating environmental conditions. The physiological ...

31. The amount of nitrogen in the biotic and abiotic systems at Cape Bird measured from evaporated water samples and wind blown inputs [K052_1982_1983_NZ_2]
The amount of nitrogen in the biotic (flora and fauna) and abiotic (soils, ice and snow) systems at Cape Bird was determined by taking water from melt streams, snow or ice, acidifying and evaporating ...

32. The collection of fossils, qualitative microbial studies and nitrogen fixation rates of the soils from several sites in the Ross Sea region [K052_1980_1981_NZ_1]
Preliminary qualitative microbiological studies were conducted at several sites in the Ross Sea Region including Cape Bird, Taylor Valley, Wright Valley and Shapeless Mountain and Mistake Peak on ...

33. The effect of crude oil on Antarctic soils [K052_1982_1983_NZ_1]
Two small plots near a recently abandoned penguin colony and an area of moss free soil at Cape Bird were prepared by addition of 100ml of McKee crude oil. The plots were covered with steel mesh. These ...

34. Adelie penguin liver P450 enzymes [K065_1996_1998_NZ_1]
Animlas can be harmed by artificially introduced chemicals either through the food chain or directly. This study aimed to determine how penguins detoxify chemical pollutants they may be exposed to. ...

35. Adelie penguin weights before and after foraging trips from three groups of penguins: control, single egg removed and penned females [K063_1987_1988_NZ_2]
As an index of physiological condition and success of foraging, penguins were weighed early in the season when they were flipper banded and then re-weighed when they returned from their foraging trip. ...

36. Behavioural observations of nest site selection in Adelie penguins at Cape Bird [K121_1986_1987_NZ_2]
Virtually all penguins return to their natal rookeries to breed, after spending a couple of years at sea. A majority of young birds of both sexes end up settling within 200 m of their natal nest ...

37. Measurements of factors affecting the timing of nest relief in Adelie penguins at Cape Bird [K121_1986_1987_NZ_1]
The timing of nest relief is crucial to the nesting success of adelie penguins. Experiments were conducted to test whether the physiological conditions of the female will determine how long she stays ...

38. Nest success (eggs laid, hatched and chick survival) of south Polar Skuas at Cape Bird [K121_1986_1987_NZ_3]
Siblicide in nestling South Polar Skuas was investigated at Cape Bird. Skua nests were located and monitored (112 in the 86-87 season, 165 in the 87-88 season and 173 in the 88-89 season). Their ...

39. Satellite tracks for female adelie penguins during the breeding season [K065_1988_1989_NZ_2]
Four satellite transmitters were deployed on female Adelie penguins during the incubation period. The transmitters were affixed to the backs of the penguins using an epoxy glue. The birds were banded, ...

40. The length of a female adelie penguin foraging trip after being prevented from going to sea [K063_1987_1988_NZ_1]
One potential proximate cause of the timing of the nest relief cycle of adelie penguins was investigated by testing the hypothesis that the females count the days that they are gone from the nest ...

41. Time-depth records of diving behaviour profiles of adelie penguins at various nest stages [K065_1988_1989_NZ_1]
Using a newly developed small electronic package, time depth recorders, several penguins were fitted to determine the profile of their diving behaviour while they are foraging. The time depth recorders ...

42. A study on the siting, establishment and maintenance of territories in the South Polar Skua (Catharacta maccormicki) [K017_1967_1968_NZ_2]
A study of skua territories was conducted by examining siting, establishment and maintenance of territories in two very different conditions including in an area close to the penguins where skuas ...

43. An ecological study of Bird Pond at Cape Bird: water parameters, population density and identification plants and animals [K014_1970_1971_NZ_3]
A seasonal ecological study was carried out at Bird Pond, Cape Bird. At weekly intervals the water temperature, depth, conductivity, pH and light were recorded, water samples were analysed for oxygen, ...

44. Measurements of the strength of an adult skua and the force required to drag an adelie penguin chick from a colony [K017_1968_1969_NZ_1]
How much force was necessary to drag struggling adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) chicks of different ages from a colony was measured by holding a chick in a harness as they tugged against a spring ...

45. Observations of intraspecific aggressive behaviour in the adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) [K017_1967_1971_NZ_1]
The cause, function, effect and patterns of behaviour in penguin fighting on the colony was determined from long periods of direct observations of banded penguins and on set-period recordings of all ...

46. A feasibility study of marine investigations at Cape Bird: Plankton sampling, water temperature, conductivity and chlorophyll content [K014_1969_1970_NZ_1]
On arrival at Cape Bird it was found that the pack ice had broken early and sampling had to be limited to inshore waters from ice piers with water depths never greater than about 20 feet. Plankton ...

47. A general benthic survey of the Cape Bird region: distribution of sediment types, boundaries of faunal zones, bathymetry and current patterns [K014_1970_1971_NZ_5]
A survey of the region from the ice face to McDonald Beach and to a depth of about 300 meters with regard to distribution of sediment types, boundaries of faunal zones and the general bathymetry of ...

48. Adelie penguin and skua nest monitoring for the effects of human disturbance on nest success [K014_1974_1975_NZ_1]
Observations were made on the behaviour and breeding success of penguins and skuas in areas of the Cape Bird northern colony subject to interference by man. Interferance being taken as the presence ...

49. An ecological study of Penguin Pond, Green Lake and Harrison Lake at Cape Bird: measurement of water chemistry, water parameters and flora and fauna investigations [K014_1973_1974_NZ_2]
Three lakes were selected for ecological study at Cape Bird. Penguin Pond was sampled twice weekely and measurements were taken for light intensity, temperature, oxygen, pH, chlorinity, alkalinity, ...

50. Analysis of the coastal geomorphology of Cape Bird - onshore measurements (tides, wave height, current velocities and direction, climatic parameter) and offshore bathymetric surveys [K014_1971_1972_NZ_3]
Measurements were made on the following inputs into the beach system of Cape Bird: the tides, wave height, current velocities and directions, wind conditions and air temperature to examine which daily ...

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