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1. Chlorophyll measurements, cell counts, species identifications in sea ice. DNA, RNA samples in RNAlater [K043_2011_2012_NZ_1]
Cape Evans : Measurements of chlorophyll a per sq m, from 10cm sections of sea ice from the bottom middle and top of ice cores, Samples also taken for cell counts, species identifications, DNA,RNA ...

2. UV radiation penetration through sea ice & effects on embryo & larval development, survival & damage of the sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeri, Antarctic Starfish Odontaster validus & Odontaster meridionalis in Ross Sea [K068_2002_2013_NZ_1]
UV radiation transmission measurements on sea ice surface and through the annual sea ice into the underlying water column were made during Antarctic spring months (October - November) along with ...

3. Composition and origin of fuel from the hut of explorer Robert Falcon Scott, Cape Evans, Antarctica [Scotts_Fuel]
As a direct result of the 1989-90 trip as part of ASAC 245, a sample of petrol used by Scott on his ill-fated expedition to the South Pole was obtained. This petrol sample was supplied by the late ...

4. Community composition survey at Terra Nova Bay with similar samples collected at Cape Evans Cape Armitage and Turtle Rock [K043_2008_2012_NZ_5]
Five ice cores were collected from Terra Nova bay in the vicinity of Gondwana station. From each core the top, middle and bottom sections were sectioned and processed as described earlier. In addition, ...

5. Life In The Ice: Microbial Diversity and Function in Antarctic Sea Ice Ecosystems [K043_2010_2012_NZ_2]
Our hypothesis is that ?spatial and temporal variations in diversity and ecosystem function of the sea ice microbial community are sensitive indicators of changing climatic conditions?. The research ...

6. Fungi isolates from physical samples (soil, rock, wood, foodstuff, air, artifacts, etc) from heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region to determine fungal biodiversity [K021_1998_2012_NZ_1]
Physical samples of soil, rocks, wood, foodstuffs, air and artifacts were collected from six Heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region over the period of January 1999 to January 2008. These sites included ...

7. Geomagnetic and seismological data collected from Scott Base, Cape Evans (Ross Island) and Lake Vanda [K102_1959_2012_NZ_1]
Geomagnetic and seismological measurements were established in Antarctica in 1957 as part of the International Geophysical Year and have continued until present. Geomagnetic data have been recorded ...

8. Fungi isolates from physical samples (soil, rock, wood, foodstuff, air, artifacts, etc) from heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region to determine fungal biodiversity [K021_1998_2011_NZ_1]
Physical samples of soil, rocks, wood, foodstuffs, air and artefacts were collected from six Heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region over the period of January 1999 to January 2008. These sites included ...

9. Geomagnetic and seismological data collected from Scott Base, Cape Evans (Ross Island) and Lake Vanda [K102_1959_2008_NZ_1]
Geomagnetic and seismological measurements were established in Antarctica in 1957 as part of the International Geophysical Year and have continued until present. Geomagnetic data have been recorded ...

10. The biodiversity of the coastal underwater marine benthic ecosystem in the Ross Sea Region [K082_2001_2007_NZ]   CHILD DIFs
The long term research program ICECUBE (Coastal Underwater Benthic Ecosystems) provides fundamental information on the structural and functional biodiversity of Antarctic coastal benthic ecosystems. ...

11. The structural and functional diversity of the shallow-water benthic community at Cape Evans [K082_2001_2002_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
The biodiversity of the seafloor community at Cape Evans was investigated to determine the structural and functional diversity of the benthic community and resurveyed over several seasons to assess ...

12. Analysing toxicological impacts of contaminants on Notothenioid fish: Impacts of Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) [K068_2009_2010_NZ_2]
Target species Trematomus benacchii (n=72)from Cape Evans were collected live for the purpose of conducting a dose-response experiment in New Zealand on the live fish. Fish were dosed with different ...

13. Collection of marine sediment, algae, invertebrate and fish samples from multiple sites at diveable depths in the Ross Sea Region [K065_2008_2009_NZ_1]
In order to resolve the contribution of microbes (bacteria) in the benthic food web under the sea ice in Antarctica and to determine the level of recycling of carbon that occurs in the community, ...

14. Cumulative impacts and rates of recovery of the Antarctic soil environment at Scott Base and vicinity, Crater Hill, Observation Hill and Capes Evans and Royds [K026_2008_2009_NZ_1]
Soil profile descriptions from the a number of disturbed and undisturbed sites in the vicinity of Scott Base and McMurdo Station, including Crater Hill, Observation Hill, and Home Beach at Cape Evans ...

15. Investigation of levels of endocrine disrupting compounds in the Antarctic environment and food chain [K068_2009_2010_NZ_1]
The study aims to quantify selected emerging Endocrine Disrupting Compounds (EDCs) in sewage, and waters from Antarctica, and to study levels of EDCs in the food chain, including invertebrates, fish, ...

16. The biomass, productivity, physiology and grazing pressures of phytoplankton during the polar winter in the Ross Sea region [K043_2007_2008_NZ_1]
What happens to primary production during the long polar night was investigated in the Ross Sea region. Phytoplankton samples were obtained from the water column at Cape Armitage and Cape Evans. Phytoplankton ...

17. Fungi isolates from physical samples (soil, rock, wood, foodstuff, air, artifacts, etc) from heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region to determine fungal biodiversity [K021_1998_2008_NZ_1]
Physical samples of soil, rocks, wood, foodstuffs, air and artefacts were collected from six Heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region over the period of January 1999 to January 2008. These sites included ...

18. The direct effects of UV radiation on embryo and larval development and survival, and DNA damage of Sterechinus neumayeri [K068_2002_2006_NZ_2]
Gastrulation is a critical point in the development of an embryo. Damage to embryos prior to gastrulation via UVR effects on cytokinesis or DNA will have a dramatic negative effect on embryo survival. ...

19. UV radiation penetration into the marine ecosystem of McMurdo Sound [K068_2002_2006_NZ_1]
UV radiation transmission measurements on sea ice surface and through the annual sea ice into the underlying water column were made during Antarctic spring months (October - November) in conjunction ...

20. Experiments to determine the processes governing the colonization of micro-organisms in extreme Antarctic fellfields [K015_1982_1983_NZ_1]
In Antarctica, moisture, temperature and other climatic regimes and the quality and stability of the prevailing mineral substrate act as extreme limiting factors for colonization by microbes, cryptograms ...

21. UV radiation penetration through sea ice & effects on embryo & larval development, survival & damage of the sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeri, Antarctic Starfish Odontaster validus & Odontaster meridionalis in Ross Sea [K068_2002_2009_NZ_1]
UV radiation transmission measurements on sea ice surface and through the annual sea ice into the underlying water column were made during Antarctic spring months (October - November) along with ...

22. Community composition survey at Terra Nova Bay with similar samples collected at Cape Evans and Cape Armitage [K043_2008_2009_NZ_5]
Five ice cores were collected from Terra Nova bay in the vicinity of Gondwana station. From each core the top, middle and bottom sections were sectioned and processed as described earlier. In addition, ...

23. The temporal variation of meroplankton at Cape Roberts [K018_2008_2009_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
Samples of meroplankton were collected through the ice as a feasibility study (of planktonic larval growth and nutrition) in the 2001-2002 field season. Samples were collected from Cape Evans about ...

24. Investigations of the physiological adaptations (irradiance and temperature tolerance limits) of two polar species of red algae Iridaea cordata and Phyllophora antarctica at Cape Evans [K062_1989_1990_NZ_1]
The most southerly populations of benthic marine algae occurring anywhere in the world are found in McMurdo Sound. There is considerable divergence of opinion amongst phycologists as to the suitability ...

25. Soil samples used for ATP analysis of microbial biomass and PCR based methods to determine species diversity and detecting human contamination by testing for human enteric micro-organisms [K023_1999_2000_NZ_1]
Soil samples were collected during January 1999 and 2000 from the ornithogenic soils of the Adelie penguin colony at Cape Bird, the volcanic soils at Cape Evans, the gravels and ornithogenic soils ...

26. Fish tissue samples for use in phylogenetic and phylogeographic studies of notothenioid fish [K066_2001_2006_NZ_1]
Antarctica has been a frozen continent for about the last 15-20 million years. In that time, the notothenioid fish have become the dominant group of fish with about 100 new species appearing in the ...

27. Examination of the soils on high level surfaces in the McMurdo Dry Valleys and on Ross Island [K150_1977_1978_NZ_1]
The soils on high level surfaces in Victoria Land were examined for evidence of deposition origin. The areas visited include New Harbour, the Wright Valley, several valleys in the Western Asgard Range, ...

28. Survey of soils and soil temperatures in the Ross Sea Region from Cape Hallett to the Shackleton Glacier for evidence of soil processes operating in Antarctica [K150_1964_1965_NZ_1]
Soils in the Ross Sea Region were investigated for evidence of any soil processes operating in Antarctica. Two field seasons were used to sample and investigate the region. Sites visited in the first ...

29. The effects of UVB on growth and productivity and photoadaptations of bottom ice algae at Cape Evans, McMurdo Sound [K136_1999_2002_NZ_1]
Sea ice hosts a large community of algae which is released into the food chain when the ice melts. The sea ice algae grow rapidly in the Antarctic spring at a time that coincides with the ozone hole ...

30. Analysis of water and soil samples for pollutants (trace metals, major anions, mercury) to determine the nature and extent of contamination in meltwaters in the Ross Dependency [K105_1992_1994_NZ_1]
A set of baseline data for the composition of meltwaters in the Ross Dependency, with particular concentrations on the levels of ultra trace heavy metals in waters remote from significant or current ...

31. The effects of human impacts on Antarctic sponge species in the Ross Sea [K059_2001_2003_NZ]
The effects of human impacts on the microbial and chemical ecology of Antarctic sponge species was investigated. Sponges dominate many of the shallow marine Antarctic habitats and due to the large ...

32. Environmental monitoring (temperature and relative humidity) in the Heroic era huts, Ross Island for suitable fungal growing conditions. [K021_1998_2008_NZ_2]
Temperature and relative humidity HOBO data loggers were installed in a number of locations inside the historic huts at Cape Royds, Cape Evans and Hut Point on Ross Island in December 1999 (two in ...

33. Evaluation of the suitability of conservationally acceptable materials for treating wood in the polar environment to reduce wood deterioration. [K021_1998_2008_NZ_4]
In the 1998-1999 season, three test racks with wood panels were erected near the three historic huts at Hut Point, Cape Evans and Cape Royds. The racks were placed outside the historic hut boundaries ...

34. Examining the viability of seeds found at the historic hut at Cape Evans on Ross Island [K021_1998_2008_NZ_6]
The seeds presently in the open containers at the historic hut at Cape Evans were examined, collected (2001-2003) and germination was attempted. The seeds were placed in sealed glass containers and ...

35. Sampling petroleum contaminated soils for microbes at the historic huts [K021_1998_2008_NZ_8]
Soil samples were taken at Cape Evans where the remains of 2 petroleum depots are located near the hut (1999-2000 season) to ascertain if hydrocarbons were present. Additional sampling was carried ...

36. Soil, wood, hay and feed samples collected from Scotts Hut at Cape Evans to determine the presence/absence of Bacillus sp [K021_1998_2008_NZ_5]
Three soil samples were taken from Hut Point, 73 from Cape Evans and 28 from Cape Royds to determine the presence/absence of Bacillus sp. At Cape Evans, transects were made and soil cores were taken ...

37. The use of historic milk powder to compare the microbial flora of milk from the past to the present [K021_1998_2008_NZ_7]
Very small samples of milk powder from opened exposed tins were sampled from the artifacts found at the historic huts on Ross Island, in the order of several grams in the 2001-2002 season. Two hypothesis ...

38. The occurrance of heavy metals in marine benthic organisms, Cape Evans and Terra Nova Bay [K082_2001_2002_NZ_5]   PARENT DIF
The distribution of heavy metals (such as Cd, Pb and Hg) in different areas of the Antarctic marine coastal ecosystems along a latitudinal gradient, and at sites characterised by different degrees ...

39. The physiology of Phymatolithon foecundum from Cape Evans [K082_2001_2002_NZ_4]   PARENT DIF
Phymatolithon foecundum is a coralline growth found in the coastal benthic environment. Benthic surveys indicated that P. foecundum is abundant throughout the deep gradients (10-30m depth). A range ...

40. The role of Phyllophora antarctica in structuring macrofaunal communities at Cape Evans [K082_2001_2002_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
Benthic suveys indicate that Phyllophora is the only attached macroalga present at Cape Evans. Attached and drift algal biomass was quantified in quadrats (61) between 0 - 30m depth using stratified ...

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